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E-Science e-Manufacturing: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentials Professor Kai Cheng Advanced Manufacturing & Enterprise Engineering (AMEE) Group School.

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Presentation on theme: "E-Science e-Manufacturing: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentials Professor Kai Cheng Advanced Manufacturing & Enterprise Engineering (AMEE) Group School."— Presentation transcript:

1 e-Science e-Manufacturing: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentials Professor Kai Cheng Advanced Manufacturing & Enterprise Engineering (AMEE) Group School of Engineering & Design, Brunel University Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK Tel: Fax: Dr Richard Bateman CERAM Research Ltd Queens Road, Penkull Stoke-on-Trent, UK. ST4 7LQ Tel: (0)

2 Background - Why e-manufacturing? - What is e-manufacturing? e-Manufacturing fundamentals - Internet enabled technologies - Advanced technologies for e-manufacturing - Internet and manufacturing knowledge management - Computing infrastructure for e-manufacturing e-Manufacturing applications and potentials - Collaborative design and product development - Mass customization and customer oriented e-manufacturing - Remote control and condition monitoring - Virtual manufacturing and systems - e-Supply chain management - e-Enterprise and global manufacturing Conclusions and the future standing Outline of the presentation e-Science

3 The characteristics of e-manufacturing emphases the new philosophy through which manufacturing will be operated in integration with Internet technology. e-manufacturing philosophy results from that the way people work is being changed by the Internet, for instance: Digitisation Globalisation Mobility Collaborative work Immediacy Why e-Manufacturing? e-Science

4 Manufacturing globalization - e-Manufacturing (1) Design Manufacturing Sale e-Science

5 Distributed manufacturing - e-Manufacturing (2) e-Science

6 Development of manufacturing technology Mass Production Flexible Manufacturing Computer Integrated Manufacturing Lean Manufacturing Just-In-Time Concurrent Engineering Agile Manufacturing Production line & automation Group technology & CNC, robotics CAD/CAM, DNC & robotics TQM & engineering tools TQM, MRP II & engineering tools CAX & engineering tools e-Manufacturing Digital enterprise Manufacturing Technology Towards 21st Century High precision Automation e-Science

7 Transformation by e-Manufacturing Mass production Long pipeline Sale from stock Sequential processes Cost of inventory Wait in line Mass customisation Shrinking supply chain Make to order Simultaneous processes Capital working First available slot - Manufacturing 2020 Foresight Report e-Science

8 UK e-Science research program (2001 onward) What is meant by e-Science? In the future, e-Science will refer to the large scale science that will increasingly be carried out through distributed global collaboration enabled by the Internet. Typically, a feature of such collaborative scientific enterprises is that they will require access to very large data collections, very large scale computing resources and high performance visualisation back to the individual user scientists. The Core Program has been structured around 6 key elements: A national e-Science centre linked to a network of regional grid centres Generic grid middleware and demonstrator projects Grid IRC research projects Support for e-Science testbeds Participation in international grid projects and activities Establishment of a grid network team - e-Science

9 EU 6th Framework - IST program (2004 onward) Applied IST research addressing major societal and economic challenges: Towards a global dependability and security framework Networked business and government e-Safety for road and air transport e-Health Technology-enhanced learning and access to cultural heritage Applications and services for the mobile user and worker Cross media content for leisure and entertainment Grid-based systems for solving complex problems Improving risk management e-Inclusion Products and services engineering e-Science

10 e-manufacturing covers a range of online manufacturing activities for products and services, including product design, production control and conditions monitoring, supply chain management, maintenance and sale services, etc., through the Internet/Intranet/Extranet and grid computing infrastructure. What is e-Manufacturing? - (1) e-Science

11 e-manufacturing is the complete electronic (computer systems and networks) integration of all factory components. Users range from operators to technicians to engineers to managers. - UK Industrial White Paper (2002) What is e-Manufacturing? - (2) e-Science

12 Internet Enabled Technologies - HTML - Java programming - XML - Client/server architecture - Java database connectivity Advanced Technologies for e-Manufacturing - Agent technology - Multi-agent systems - Data mining and knowledge discovery - Grid computing Internet and Manufacturing Knowledge Management - Internet characteristics - Design agility and the Internet - Manufacturing responsiveness and the Internet - CBR and web-based computational intelligence Computing Infrastructure for e-manufacturing - Software tools - Hardware - Networking - Implementation e-Manufacturing fundamentals e-Science

13 e-manufacturing applications Application (1) - case studies - Web-based bearing design support systems - Web-based manufacturing assembly simulation - Web-based intelligent (CBR) selection of cutting tool inserts - Modelling and simulation of the extended enterprise operations based on dynamic Petri nets - Remote condition monitoring and control of manufacturing systems - Creative design search engine - RFID application for diamond cutting tools tooling service Application (2) - devolved manufacturing e-Science

14 Web-based Intelligent (CBR) Selection System for Cutting Tool Inserts A proposed system architecture… Language selection Main CBR loop Standard e-Catalogue search CBR validation loop e-Science


16 Remote Condition Monitoring and Control of Manufacturing Systems e-Science

17 Creative Design Search Engine … Creative Design & Innovative Manufacturing - 3D models - …… A search engine for innovative/creative … e-Science

18 RFID Application for Diamond Cutting Tools Tooling Service Tagged Cutting Tools T 1 …T N Reader Host System with Tool Database Look up Geometric images Specification User information Re-sharpening records …… Update Read Identify Reader Tagged Tools Host system with Tool Database Reading Successfully Antenna Diamond tools tracking and servicing support sys e-Science

19 Selected Milestone Publications (in e- manufacturing) from the AMEE Group Books: (1) K. Cheng, D. Webb and R. Marsh, Advances in e-Engineering and Digital Enterprise Technology I (Editors), Professional Engineering Publishing, London, September (2) K. Cheng, e-Manufacturing, Fundamentals and Applications, WIT Press, London, February Journal Papers: (1) K. Cheng, P.Y. Pan and D.K. Harrison, Internet as a tool with application to agile manufacturing: a web-based engineering approach and its implementation issues, International Journal of Production Research, Vol.38 No.12, 2000, pp (2) K. Cheng, P.Y. Pan and D.K. Harrison, Web-based design and manufacturing support systems: implementation perspectives, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol.14 No.1, 2001, pp (3) K. Cheng, M.L. Yang, G.E. Taylor and A. Dow, Petri net as a tool with application in modelling an Internet based virtual manufacturing enterprise, International Journal of Agile Manufacturing, Vol.4 No.2, 2002, pp (4) J. Toussaint and K. Cheng, Implementation of design agility and manufacturing responsiveness on the web: two case studies, Integrated Manufacturing Systems, Vol.13 No.5, 2002, pp (5) R. Bateman and K. Cheng, Devolved manufacturing, Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications, Vol.10 No.4, December 2002, pp (6) K. Cheng and Y. Popov, Internet enabled modelling of extended manufacturing enterprises using the process based techniques, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol.23 No.1, 2004, pp (7) J. Toussaint and K. Cheng, Web-based CBR (case-based reasoning) as a tool with the application to tooling selection, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 26, (8) R. Bateman and K. Cheng, Extending the product portfolio with devolved manufacturing: methodology and case studies, International Journal of Production Research, Vol.45, e-Science

20 Devolved Manufacturing – (1) Current developments in e-manufacture are generally factory- centric Transport/logistics problems increasing ( gridlock Europe ) v New technologies are available or emerging New possibilities … Need to Think outside the box … Key areas for integration e-Science

21 Devolved Manufacturing – (2) e-Science

22 Mass Customisation MASS PRODUCTION MASS CUSTOMISATION MASSINDIVIDUALISATION Outcome of industrial revolution Driven by production and cost needs Concept developed in 1980s Increases product range by allowing customers to choose from range of options Needs to be set up with care to avoid extra overheads associated with increased product variety Ultimate goal of MC ? e-Science

23 Rapid Manufacturing (RM) 1. The CAD model is sliced into layers 2. RM machine creates model 3. Finished Object e-Science

24 End-user & Practitioner Surveys Breakdown of Systems by Type Global RP/RM Installations Rise in Annual Sales of RP/RM machines (000s) Number of Patents Issued for RP/RM Technology e-Science

25 Case One – CAL system Typical Race Clutch Construction Central Splines in Friction Plate Hub e-Science

26 System Menu Search Existing Products Input Spline Dimensions View 3D Model Send files for manufacture Test Mfg at Brunel Case One – CAL system e-Science

27 Case Two – Home page Details Download mini-CAD program Use mini-CAD program View model in 3D Stage ONEStage TWO e-Science

28 Home Page Register Find outlet Outlet details Upload CAD file Make payment Confirmation Test part Stage THREE Case Two – e-Science

29 Case Three – Creatorium Portal Stakeholders in the CREATORIUM Portal e-Science

30 CREATORIUM relationship with Cases One and Two Case Three – Creatorium Portal e-Science

31 Discussions v Implementation key issues v Start points and direction v Organisational issues v Technology adoption v Strategies for DM v Design, legal and ethical issues v Control and management of a DM venture e-Science

32 Acknowledgements EPSRC Royal Society DTI TCS / Faraday Schemes NATO Scientific Program HEFCE SHEFC e-Science

33 Thank You! e-Science

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