Presentation on theme: "The Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE) Clare Baker David Simpson Helen Wood."— Presentation transcript:
The Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE) Clare Baker David Simpson Helen Wood
Agenda for the morning An overview of LSYPE (45 minutes to 1 hour) Comfort Break (10 minutes) An introduction to iLSYPE (45 minutes to 1 hour) Comfort Break (10 minutes) A chance to use iLSYPE (30 minutes) End (1pm at the latest)
Presentation Overview What is LSYPE? Who takes part Survey content Data collection Linked data Benefits Uses of LSYPE Data Enhancement and Access to LSYPE data Challenges and the future of LSYPE
What is LSYPE? A unique and invaluable dataset for Government analysis and policy making Initially funded by HM Treasury and intended as a cross-government project – currently managed by DCSF Research aims – factors affecting educational progress transitions following compulsory education, effects of background and behaviours, attitudes and experiences Not just restricted to education Our unique selling point!
What is LSYPE? – Why Longitudinal? A longitudinal design provides more insight into causal processes than cross-sectional studies. LSYPE can investigate: –whether aspirations had been lower from a young age for certain groups and track these over time –factors associated with changing aspirations such as changed family circumstances, parental attitudes, exam results etc. –Investigate the degree to which intentions are converted into applications and acceptances for different groups.
What is LSYPE? Longitudinal in design - the same young people interviewed every year from age 13/14 (2004) Each annual LSYPE survey is referred to as a Wave. So far: W1Age 13/14Year 92004Data released to the public W2Age 14/15Year W3Age 15/16Year W4Age 16/17Year W5Age 17/18Year Available on request (publication 2010) W6Age 18/19Year Fieldwork nearly completed
Who takes part in LSYPE? Wave 1 (13/14)Young people and both parents 15,500 responding households (74%) Wave 2 (14/15)Young people and both parents 13,500 responding households (86%) Wave 3 (15/16)Young people and both parents 12,500 responding households (92%) Wave 4 (16/17)Young people and one parent 11,500 responding households (92%) Wave 5 (17/18)Young people only 10,500 responses in Wave 5 (89%)
How do we collect LSYPE data? Waves 1 – 4: All interviews took place face-to-face. Waves 5 and 6 – A range of modes was introduced: on-line survey – first chance (around half) telephone survey – second chance (around one third) face to face survey – last chance (the remainder) Participation is voluntary – respondents can drop out of the study at any time. As a thank-you for taking part, respondents receive a High Street Voucher.
Survey Content Main ParentSecond Parent Young Person Employment Histories – including income Relationship histories (household composition) Demographics (ethnicity, gender, religion, disability etc) Educational experiences/attainment- including bullying and truancy Aspirations Out of school activities- both positive & risky Health, disability & SEN Caring responsibilities Relationship with parents Attitudes & experiences re: local community Relationships, sexuality etc. Aspirations for the young person Attitudes to schooling and education Contact with services Family Cohesion
Data Linking LSYPE data can be linked to a number of other data sources to supplement our data: National Pupil Database (NPD) – exam results, school level information, geographic markers. Individualised Learner Record (ILR) – Post-16 education, FE courses –Respondents were told we would link the data and asked if they wanted to opt out. Few did. Work and Pensions Longitudinal Study (WPLS) – DWP benefit and employment programme data as well as employment records from HMRC. –Respondents were asked if we could link their data
Data Linking Youth Cohort Study (YCS) – A long running cohort study from ages , Cohort 1 started in Cohort 13 in progress From Wave 4 onwards (2007) LSYPE sample members were the same age as YCS Cohort 13. LSYPE and YCS were harmonised to create an extra large sample.
Benefits Unique - the only study to have followed this cohort of young people in this much detail. Outcomes- cross sectional surveys show what is happening. Longitudinal surveys can show the consequences- useful for policy development. Large sample size and low attrition - reduced potential for bias. Highly engaged respondents- excellent rapport with researchers- allows us to ask more challenging questions. Linked administrative data - of use to many government departments and policies. Long shelf life – A strategic, multi-purpose survey. Doesnt focus purely on specific policies.
How have LSYPE data been used? By the Department: Annual National Statistics publications. See: Internal unpublished analyses: RPA/NEETs: Well qualified NEETs Barriers to re- engagement EMA eligibility/take-up Jobs without training Behavioural problems: Contact with Educational Welfare, Social Services and the Police Teenage Pregnancy Strategy Refreshment: Characteristics of 17 year-old parents REMOVE
How have LSYPE data been used? LSYPE research framework agreement and research programme: - Fast and responsive tender process for research - Framework contractors build expertise with LSYPE So Far: Published Drivers and Barriers to Educational Success Examination Performance of Ethnic Minority pupils In the pipeline….. Risky Behaviours & social Activities Disengagement from Education Bullying Community Cohesion Youth Crime Alcohol Use IAG REMOVE
How have LSYPE data been used? By the Department: Annual National Statistics publications. See: Internal unpublished analyses Published analyses from a research framework Published Drivers and Barriers to Educational Success Examination Performance of Ethnic Minority pupils In the pipeline….. Risky Behaviours & social Activities Disengagement from Education Bullying Community Cohesion Youth Crime Alcohol Use IAG
How have LSYPE data been used? By other government departments: DEFRA/DCSF- rurality, attainment & post-16 participation BIS-attitudes & intentions towards Higher Education Cabinet Office- attitudes & aspirations of those in deprived communities udies/aspirations.aspx By academic researchers: Links between income & GCSEs Smoking, alcohol & personality traits Roles of attitudes & beliefs on child outcomes
Example Findings Number of years students reported being bullied (from Y9 to Y11) and their subsequent destinations post-16
Example Findings Percentage of young people Not in Education Employment or Training at 16, and at 17 by attainment in Year 11.
Example Findings Agreement with Britain today is a place where people are usually treated fairly no matter what background they come from
Example Findings How often do you speak to the following about what you might do after Year 11?
Example Findings Estimated Income based EMA eligibility by activity (aged 16)
Example Findings Age of Respondents mother by whether or not respondent has their own child by the age of 17
Data Enhancement Waves 1-4 have been enhanced to aid users. Benefits include: –Derived Variables –Edited, Labelled and re-ordered data –Detailed documentation –Weights to compensate for household non-response A project currently underway to compensate for missing data: –To reduce biases due to non-response from individual household members. –To reduce bias from missing data in Household income, Socio-Economic Class and Parental Education.
How can I access LSYPE data? LSYPE Datasets are available for users to download via the UK Data Archive. So far Waves 1- 4 have been deposited. See: Wave 5 is available for users via an application to the Longitudinal Studies team and upon completion of a confidentiality agreement. iLSYPE (more on this later)
Challenges Making best use of longitudinal data Resources Lack of engagement across Government Risks associated with changing to mixed-mode data collection Managing expectations/demands
The future of LSYPE Current cohort aged 18/19 and have just been interviewed for 6 th time About to start development for wave 7 interviews to take place 2010 Working closely with ESRC and OGDs for the possibility for ESRC to take over management of LSYPE after wave 7 (end 2010) Development work for a second cohort (LSYPE2) - subject to Cross-Government funding
Any Questions? The Longitudinal Studies Team: Clare Baker Helen Wood David Simpson Michael Greer Respondents website: