Presentation on theme: "How Do We Write? We Follow a Writing Process There are 5 steps."— Presentation transcript:
How Do We Write? We Follow a Writing Process There are 5 steps
5 steps of writing process Prewriting Drafting Revising Editing/Proofreading Publishing/Presenting
Step 1: Prewriting 1.Generate ideas for topics A. Freewrite a. start with a word or topic and write whatever comes to mind for 5 minutes B. Brainstorm a. create a word web, lists. Don’t use full sentences I Believe Power of love creativity
Prewriting 2. Narrow Your Topic A. Not too broad B. Not too Narrow Goldilocks rule: “Just Right” Examples Too broad: Internet Too Narrow: Checking Email last night Good Topic: Spending less time on internet
Prewriting Narrowing Your Topic 1.Tips for narrowing topic Ask yourself: How strongly do I feel about this topic? Can I gather information about it? Is it too narrow?
Prewriting 3. Choose Your Purpose and Analyze Audience What is your purpose? Entertain, inform, persuade, reflect, describe. What is the main thing you want readers to know or learn? Why do I want to share this topic?
Prewriting 3. Who is your audience? How much do they already know? What are their interests? How can I help them connect to the topic?
Prewriting 4. Organize Details Use a graphic organizer such as a sequence organizer to help collect and organize details. On internet parents, Daily friends Ignored chores upset And friends on
Prewriting recap 1.Get ideas 2.Narrow ideas/topics 3.Determine Purpose and Audience 4.Gather and Organize details
1. Generating Topics Practice Pick a word from the list below and brainstorm topics for a 5 paragraph paper Starter Words Embarrassing Family Favorite Funny moments Hobbies Dreams
Generating topics practice Write the word that you choose in the center of a web. List related ideas Hobbies (you pick your own word) Jewelry making collecting photos
2. Choose a Topic Ask questions and narrow your topics Try creating an inverted triangle. Write the topic on top. In the next lines, write on smaller part of it. Keep making it smaller until you find a good writing topic. Ask questions and narrow your topics Try creating an inverted triangle. Write the topic on top. In the next lines, write on smaller part of it. Keep making it smaller until you find a good writing topic.
Inverted Pyramid To narrow your topic hobbies collecting photos making scrapbooks
3. Determine purpose/audience Entertain: Share the time I won a scrapbook contest Explain: How to make a scrapbook Persuade: Convince readers to make scrapbooks. Reflect: How winning scrapbook contest gave me confidence
3. Determine Purpose/Audience Analyzing Audience Decide who readers are and what their background it. Make a chart: What they know What the need to know
4. Gather and organize information and details Review topic, purpose and audience Research Write down details or complete sequence organizer Use natural, logical, timed order to record events
Drafting Stage Turn your prewriting plan into complete sentences and paragraphs (it’s hard, messy work – jot down notes in the side, write additions in margins, etc. ) Organize ideas into a strong introduction that grabs readers’ attention, a body that supports the main point, and a conclusion that readers will remember.
Revising Clean up on Aisle Rough Draft! You must clean up and improve your rough draft. EVALUATE (JUDGE) what works and what Doesn’t work move sentences Around, delete, add, Cross out. Use Revising Checklist on page 14 in book
Revising Revising ALWAYS uses 5 of the 6 writing traits of good writing 1. Ideas and Content 2. Organization 3. Sentence Fluency 4 Word Choice 5 Voice (What trait is missing??????????????)
Editing and Proofreading Editing and Proofreading includes the final, 6 th trait of good writing: This means grammar, spelling, usage, punctuation, and mechanics. **Check out the checklist on page 17 in book and proofreading symbols on page 18
Publishing and Presenting (Whew! We’re finally done! – not so fast!) The last stage of writing process is publishing and presenting. 1. make a final, error-free copy 2 Turn it in on time to your teacher with all rubrics, etc., that she asks for (this keeps your dear teacher happy!