Presentation on theme: "The law courts in Scotland – Section 7. District Courts There are 30 district courts in Scotland Justice of the Peace (a lay person who is not legally."— Presentation transcript:
The law courts in Scotland – Section 7
District Courts There are 30 district courts in Scotland Justice of the Peace (a lay person who is not legally qualified) No jury Minor offences e.g. breach of the peace, driving offences, TV licence fraud Sentencing powers: maximum fine of £2,500, maximum prison sentence of 60 days
Justice of the Peace Courts District courts will become JP (Justice of the Peace) Courts JP courts will be run by the Scottish Courts service instead of local councils A new act of the Scottish parliament passed in January 2006, Criminal Proceedings Reform Bill means:
Sheriff Court 49 Sheriff courts in Scotland Sheriff (a full-time judge), no jury for less serious crimes – known as summary procedure Most offences apart from most serious Can also deal with civil cases Sheriff with jury (of 15 people) for more serious crimes – known as solemn procedure
Sheriff Court Sentencing powers: The maximum penalty that may be imposed is 3 months' imprisonment or a £5,000 fine (in summary cases) or 5 years' imprisonment or an unlimited fine (in solemn cases).
High Court Judge with jury of 15 It sits in cities and larger towns Glasgow and Edinburgh have permanent High Court Buildings Most serious offences, e.g. murder, rape Sentencing powers unlimited
Civil Courts The main civil court in Scotland is the Court of Session It meets in Edinburgh It mostly deals with cases in which people are suing others for large amounts of money and complex divorce cases