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John Berger Ways of Seeing 1972. Printing from studioit

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Presentation on theme: "John Berger Ways of Seeing 1972. Printing from studioit"— Presentation transcript:

1 John Berger Ways of Seeing 1972

2 Printing from studioit

3 Printing lecture overheads Find lecture on studioit, under Stage 1 Right Click PPT. Do NOT choose Print Target Choose Save target as Save Powerpoint to your files or to the Desktop… Once file is saved, choose Open The file is now open in Powerpoint Find Print what: Choose Handouts Find Color/grayscale: Choose Black and White Find Slides per page: Choose number. Click OK

4 Academic Reserve Video, as per all texts on any Bibliography this semester, is on the Academic Reserve Ask for the video at the Helpdesk at the entrance to the Library Quote Title and Shelf Number: V2194 Borrow headphones. Watch on video player on 5 th floor of Library

5 The relation between what we see and what we know is never settled John Berger. Ways of Seeing. 1972

6 John Berger Ways of Seeing BBC television series. 4 Programmes. Critical response to Kenneth Clarks television series: Civilisation Book published in same year; essays / 3 visual essays. Reading: final and 7 th essay.

7 John Berger: reading Berger, J. Ways of Seeing. London: British Broadcasting Corporation and Penquin Books Limited; 1972, pp

8 Books On Berger: Murray, C. Key Writers on Art: The Twentieth Century. London: Routledge; 2003, pp On concurrent criticism of consumer culture and mass media: Raizman, D. Beyond High and Low Art: Revisiting the Critique of Mass Culture. In: Raizman, D. A history of modern design. Graphics and products since the industrial revolution. London: Laurence King Publishing Ltd; 2004, pp For a recent synopsis of the relationship between art, money and power, see: Freeland, C. Money, markets, museums. In: Freeland, C. But is it art? Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2001, pp90-121

9 Other Website: A website supporting a series of cultural events designed around the work of John Berger in It includes a biography, a bibliography and links to a series of newspaper articles and interviews with Berger. Video Ways of Seeing. 4. The Language of Advertising (videocassette). London: British Broadcasting Corporation; (There are 4 videos in total, all worth viewing, but 2 in the collection are currently damaged. On re-order.)

10 Bergers Ways of Seeing A turning point in the history and analysis of art Introduces a political (Marxist, left wing) challenge to the traditional art historian. Does not separate and privilege fine art from a wider analysis of visual culture Critiques the elitism of the European oil painting, analysing it in relation to contemporary media and advertising Mirrors concerns in the contemporary art world critiquing the connection between commercialism and the true purpose of art Mirrors the concerns of previous and contemporary thinkers over the manipulative nature of mass media and consumer culture

11 E. Panofsky ( ) -The Iconographic Method Primary – straightforward description. Secondary – more specific. identification through specific details. Intrinsic – introduces details of the wider artistic and historical context: as belonging to a time, place and age, texts, documents, precedents, contemporary influences, the prevalent style of the artist etc.

12 The crisis of art history aesthetes and iconographers on the one hand tending the shrines of genius and antiquity, and revolutionaries on the other, bent on overturning the temples of art, mammon and patriarchy (Fernie, E. 1995)

13 Thomas Gainsborough. Mr and Mrs Andrews. c1750

14 Kenneth Clark on Gainsborough in Civilisation quoted in Ways of Seeing. P.106. what he saw inspired him to put into his pictures backgrounds as sensitively observed as the corn-field in which are seated Mr and Mrs Andrews. This enchanted work is painted with such love and mastery….

15 John Berger. Ways of Seeing. P.107 Why did Mr and Mrs Andrews commission a portrait of themselves with a recognisable landscape of their own land as background? They are not a couple in nature as Rousseau imagined nature. They are landowners and their proprietary attitude towards what surround them is visible in their stance and their expressions


17 The New Art History Contextual analyses from the social history of art concentrate on illuminating the wider cultural context. The centre of gravity shifts from objects towards social context and issues of power.

18 Does the language of publicity have anything in common with that of oil painting? John Berger. Ways of Seeing. P134.

19 Ever since I was a student, I have been aware of the injustice, hypocrisy, cruelty, wastefulness and alienation of our bourgeois society as reflected and expressed in the field of art. J Berger. Permanent Red. 1979

20 it is necessary to see works of art freed from all the mystique which is attached to them as property objects. It then becomes possible to see them ….in terms of action J Berger. 1966

21 Robert Smithson. Spiral Jetty Utah. U.S.A.

22 Theodore Adorno The culture industry created false needs to passify the consumer Vance Packard. The Hidden Persuaders. 1957

23 What the probers are looking for, of course, are the whys of our behaviour, so that they can more effectively manipulate our habits and our choices in their favour….to probe why we are afraid of banks, why we love those big fat cars… V Packard. 1957

24 Ways of Seeing 4. The Language of Advertising

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