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Sexual Exploitation A training course delivered by Reconstruct Ltd.

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Presentation on theme: "Sexual Exploitation A training course delivered by Reconstruct Ltd."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexual Exploitation A training course delivered by Reconstruct Ltd

2 Aims and objectives Gain understanding of evidence based profiles of victims and perpetrators of sexual exploitation Understand the process of grooming Share best practice in prevention of sexual exploitation Recognise vulnerability, and warning signs of a young peoples involvement in sexual exploitation Gain knowledge of offences relating to sexual exploitation and grooming Understand the issues and dilemmas of professionals working with young people who may be at risk or involved in sexual exploitation Gain knowledge of local and national guidance relating to the sexual exploitation of young people

3 What is Sexual Exploitation? Sexual exploitation is the sexual abuse of children and youth through the exchange of sex or sexual acts for drugs, food, shelter, protection, other basics of life, and/or money. Sexual exploitation includes involving children and youth in creating pornography and sexually explicit websites

4 The Statistics in Bracknell Victims are mainly Female Perpetrators are mainly Male Highest offences Aug/Sept/Oct High level of communication via internet 77% had known relationship with the perpetrator Positive relationship with adult helped prevent sexual exploitation

5 Barnardos While the average age range at which children are most vulnerable to sexual exploitation is 13 to 15, Barnardos has worked with boys and girls as young as 10 and 11 who are known to have been sexually exploited. Children and young people who are exploited can be subject to physical abuse and imprisonment by the perpetrators. The pain of childrens experiences can show itself in self-destructive behaviour such as self-mutilation, overdosing, eating disorders and crime

6 Who are the victims? Frances –For my second pimp there was no way I could finish work without having at least £200 every day... I didnt have a penny of it. He chose my clothes...he chose my food, he told me when to eat, when to sleep, when to work, when to go home, when to speak. I just could to do anything without his permission Cara –Cara was 14 when she met him. He bought her expensive gifts and took her to wine bars. He took glamour pictures of her and made her look like a model. The pictures became more explicit. Then she discovered he was distributing them over the internet. He says he needed money and he wanted me to sleep with his mate, just once. The first time was really horrible. I was too frightened to escape

7 Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome Secrecy Helplessness Entrapment Accommodation Disclosure – delayed, inconsistent, unconvincing Retraction

8 Who are the perpetrators? Less research on the offenders In-depth study Connell and Hart (2003) including 19 classic pimps Average age began 22 years Victims 14-27 years Income between £500 - £7000 per week All served at least 1 custodial sentence – wide range of offences Drug users Some explained reason as deliberate choice, others perceived no choice as grew up in areas where prostitution common Increasing common for boyfriend with serious drug problem who pimps girlfriend to fund both their drug habits

9 Sexual Offences Act 2004 Paying for the sexual services of a child Causing or inciting child prostitution or pornography Controlling a child prostitute or a child involved in pornography Arranging or facilitating child prostitution or pornography Trafficking into the UK for sexual exploitation Trafficking within the UK for sexual exploitation Trafficking out of the UK for sexual exploitation

10 Barnardos triangles – Sex Industry Triangle Child Prostitution BuyerFacilitator

11 Vulnerability Factors Domestic Violence Drug and Alcohol misuse Homelessness Isolation Difficult family relationships Promiscuous behaviour Inappropriate sexual behaviour for age Poor School attendance Lack of peer support Lack of boundaries set at home Criminal activity History of mental health issues – self harm Missing episodes

12 WE CHECKED WITH THE GUM CLINIC AN WE WERE ADVISED BY THEM THAT THERE WAS NO PROBLEM IN THIS AREA We know there isnt a problem here as weve asked the police and they said this is not an issue here

13 What can we do? Prevention Protection and Support Justice

14 To CAF or not to CAF! Children involved in prostitution are a particularly vulnerable group of children who may be lost to the statutory agents whose wellbeing or need for immediate services may be overlooked. The role of the Common Assessment Framework

15 Working Together The identification of a child involved in prostitution, or at risk of being drawn in to prostitution should always trigger the agreed local procedures to ensure the childs safety and welfare, and to ensure police to gather evidence about abusers and coercers (Guidance section 5.10 Safeguarding children involved in prostitution)

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