# Swaps.

## Presentation on theme: "Swaps."— Presentation transcript:

Swaps

FX SWAP The Spot Purchase and Forward Sale
of Currency. The Two Transactions are Executed Simultaneously and are based off the Same Spot Rate

FX Swap Rates As with a forward contract the Bank will quote a spot and a forward rate for both sides of the market GBP/CAD 1 Month Points

FX SWAP RATES However it is only the Forward Points representing the differential in interest rates between the two currencies that will affect the swap. The forward points to be used will be determined by the forward transaction in the Swap. The Same Spot Rate will be used for both the purchase and sale of the currency

EXAMPLE Your Canadian subsidiary tells you that it wishes to borrow Canadian dollars for one month (30 days). Their local bank will lend at 5.5% pa. Your GBP interest cost is 6% pa. Is it cheaper for the subsidiary to borrow from you or from the bank?

THE SWAP CALCULATION 1 Questions to ask 1 What will it cost in CAD?
2 In the Swap, what side will we be on in the forward? (this will determine the spot rate to use) 3 Therefore how many GBP do we need to borrow today to give CAD 3,000,000? 4 Therefore how many GBP will we have to pay back at 6.0% in the future? 5 At the forward rate, how many CAD will be needed? 6 Is this more or less than borrowing CAD directly?

THE SWAP CALCULATION 2 Borrowing CAD directly from the local bank will cost 3,000,000 x .055 x 30/365 = 13,561.64

THE SWAP CALCULATION 3 Spot 2.3378 - 2.3403 30 Day Points 14 12
1 month forward outright Today At spot of Buy CAD 3,000, Sell GBP 1,281,886.94 1,281,886.94x.06x30/365 = 6,321.63 Forward At forward of Sell CAD 3,013, Buy GBP 1,288,208.57