Presentation on theme: "Food Rights and Justice David Mitchell Birkbeck, University of London."— Presentation transcript:
Food Rights and Justice David Mitchell Birkbeck, University of London
Advocacy of food rights Right to Food approaches / Rights-based approaches to tackling hunger, malnutrition, food insecurityRight to Food approaches / Rights-based approaches to tackling hunger, malnutrition, food insecurity Some essentials:Some essentials: –Advocate treating access to adequate food as a human right –Advocate concrete and effective legal entitlements –Strong rhetoric of duties upon government
Some Food Rights Advocates Citizen movementsCitizen movements e.g. Brazil, India IGOsIGOsECOSOCOHCHR (Special Rapporteur: Jean Ziegler, 00-08; Olivier De Schutter, 08- ) FAO (Right to Food Unit) NGOsNGOsFIAN
A question of ethical orientation A question of ethical orientation Do we regard widespread lack of reliable access to adequate food as unjust, and if so on what grounds?Do we regard widespread lack of reliable access to adequate food as unjust, and if so on what grounds?
One conception of distributive injustice: as grave, remediable unfairness It is unjust if some of those living within a particular set of institutional arrangements are subject to grave unfairness which could be removed by adjustments or reforms to those arrangements that did not introduce other grave unfairnesses nor had disproportionately large costs in overall welfare
In favour of advocates endorsing this general conception of injustice Support for assertions re duties Not a very major extra commitment Rival conceptions of injustice that are renounced: HierarchicalOwnership-basedContribution-based Acknowledges what rights-talk sometimes misses: Rights-fulfilment imposes costs on duty-bearers, but theyre justifiable costs
What constitutes unfairness/inequity? Disparities… …in resources / capabilities / utility… …due to peoples backgrounds? …unrelated to relevant personal factors? …disproportionately large?
Doubts (about declaring allegiance to the general conception) Mandate; use of authority Other conceptions of injustice to be considered Strategy and consequences Too contentious Too soft Alliances and associations
Summary Food rights advocacy as: not only Promoting the progressive realisation of the right to food but, in so doing, Seeking to combat grave unfairness in access to food, with the help of just laws