Presentation on theme: "Brief Introduction to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) Children, Young People and Families Division Welsh Assembly Government."— Presentation transcript:
1 Brief Introduction to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) Children, Young People and Families DivisionWelsh Assembly Government
2 Background to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)• The UNCRC is an international agreement across the world which sets out rights of children between the age of 0 and 18.It has been in existence for 21 years following the adoption by the UN General Committee in 1989 and it is the most widely adopted of all international agreements.The UNCRC itself consists of 54 articles. There are two optional protocols which cover specific issues and rights
3 What is a right?• Human rights are the basic things that all human beings are entitled to in order to survive and to develop. Every single person regardless of their age has human rights, and the Government has a responsibility to make sure that people’s rights can be accessed, are respected can be enjoyed.• Children and young people need special rights because they are relatively more vulnerable compared to adults. The UNCRC brings together children’s human rights into one international convention.• The Government has a responsibility to ensure that all people understand and respect Children’s Rights - this includes children and young people, parents, families, carers, teachers etc.
4 Rights within the UNCRC are:- Universal – The same for everyone regardless of race, sex religion politics etcIndivisible – They are equally important and InterdependentInalienable –All human beings have rights and they cannot be taken awayIt is also important to remember that they are unconditional – You do not have to behave in a certain way or qualify for them. You get them by simply being alive!
5 What type of Rights are in the UNCRC? Protection, Provision and Participationa) General Principlesb) Civil Rights and Freedomsc) Family Environment and Alternative Cared) Basic Health and Welfaree) Education, Leisure and Cultural Activitiesf) Protection and Safety
6 Rights Holders and Duty Bearers ClaimsrightsfromFulfilsresponsibilitytowards
7 Welsh Assembly’s Commitment to the UNCRC The Welsh Assembly Government formally adopted the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child as the basis for policy making for children and young people (0-25) in Wales in January 2004 and it received strong cross-party support from the National Assembly for Wales.WAG’s Seven Core Aims for children and young people were developed to summarise the UNCRC to help with national and local planning and delivery of services for children and young people.
8 Concluding Observations of the UN Committee • In October 2008, the UN committee issued their ‘Concluding Observations' which pointed out that despite some successes, the UK Government and the Welsh Assembly Government still has a long way to go.• The concluding observations drew particular attention to:- the gap between policy and practice- the low levels of awareness of the UNCRC- the need for legislation• In July 2009, the former First Minister announced that he would explore the possibility of introducing a Measure to embed the principles of the UNCRC into Welsh law. In November 2009, Getting it Right, the first ever UNCRC action plan for Wales was launched. This identified 16 priority areas and 90 actions
9 Priorities In Getting it Right 1) Tackling child poverty2) Delivering positive outcomes for the most Vulnerable3) Raising Awareness of the UNCRC4) Reducing gap between policy and outcomes5) Improving learning achievement6) Supporting emotional wellbeing7) Improving opportunities to play in safety8) Increasing opportunities for participation in decision making9) Eliminating discrimination against those with disabilities
10 Priorities In Getting it Right cont…. 10) Making physical punishment illegal11) Eliminating all forms of bullying12) Ensuring refugee and asylum seekers can claim their rights13) Eliminating discrimination and age based Inequality14) Ensuring those in the most deprived areas can enjoy their rights15) Improving the transparency of budgeting16) Ensuring those in the criminal justice system can claim their rights
11 Understanding of Rights How Rights Can Stimulate ChangeKnowledge andUnderstanding of RightsIncreased Exercise ofand Access to RightsImprovedWellbeing123
12 Proposed Rights of Children and Young Person’s (Wales) Measure
13 What does the Measure Contain? In SummaryA Duty placed on Welsh Ministers to Have Due Regard to the UNCRC Section 1The Children’s Scheme – Section 2Preparing the Scheme and Reporting on it - Sections 3 and 4Duty to Promote Knowledge of the UNCRC - Section 5A Power to Amend Current Legislation and bring it into line with the UNCRC – Section 6Applying to Young People (aged 18-24) – Section 7The UNCRC – Section 8 and the Schedule
14 Key Dates to Remember May 2011 31st March 2012 1st May 2012 Measure becomes law and all duties take effectwith exception of the Section 1 Due Regard duty31st March 2012First Draft Scheme laid before National Assembly for Wales1st May 2012Welsh Ministers must have Due Regard to UNCRC when making decision about developing policy and legislation1st May 2014Welsh Ministers must have Due Regard to UNCRC when exercising their functions using a legal power or duty