Presentation on theme: "POSITION ARGUMENT CHAPTER 12 Academic Argument IS NOT Not Debate."— Presentation transcript:
POSITION ARGUMENT CHAPTER 12 Academic Argument IS NOT Not Debate
What is Argument Readers have expectations A claim that is interesting A claim makes them want to find out more about what you have to say At least one good reason that makes your claim worth taking seriously Some evidence that the good reason or reasons are valid Some acknowledgment of the opposing views and limitations of the claim
Components of Position Argument What exactly is my issue? Subject needs to be narrowed and clear! Who are the stakeholders? Who is affected and how? What do I need to know? Informative paper What are the causes or effects leading to your refocused topic?
Components of Position Argument What exactly is my stand on the issue? Have one! What are the reasons for my position? Give several Where can I find evidence? Examples, stats, testimony Who disagrees with my position? Acknowledging opposing views and limitations
Understand how it works Definition arguments – Many arguments are about definition Something = Something BECAUSE Criteria A, Criteria B, Criteria C Free speech Art Pornography Hate crimes
Rebuttal Arguments Take the opposite position Challenge the criteria someone has presented Opposing claim is wrong BECAUSE bad reason 1, bad reason 2
Keys to Position Arguments Understand your goal – not immediately change minds Persuade Convince readers a reasonable person can hold this view Not winners or losers Create dialogue
Keys to Position Arguments Be sensitive to the context Rely on careful definitions Use quality sources Create credibility Cultivate a sense of humor and a distinctive voice Argue responsibly Opinions can change minds Don’t just have one – earn one!
Activity Read 290 Make a cluster diagram with post its ON THE BOARD, WRITE THE GROUP ANSWERS TO THE FOLLOWING: Evaluate – was it a good position paper (what criteria are you using)? Ask 1. What needs definition 2. What are causes and/or effect concerned here 3. What is the position 4. What are the multiple positions that could be taken
Activity Read 306 Make a cluster diagram with post its ON THE BOARD, WRITE THE GROUP ANSWERS TO THE FOLLOWING: Evaluate – was it a good position paper (what criteria are you using)? Ask 1. What needs definition – are key concepts? 2. What are causes and/or effect concerned here 3. What is the position 4. What are the multiple positions that could be taken
Steps Find an issue within your topic (312) Analyze the assignment using the rubric Make a list of possible directions you could take Local Regional National Global Analyze the needs of your potential readers
Steps Develop reasons and a thesis (316) Take a definite position Develop reasons Support your reasons Write a working thesis (arguable, feasible, specific with a plan, interesting) Not “Over 60% of Americans play video games on a regular basis Use “Video games are valuable because they improve children’s visual attentions skills, their literacy skills, and their computer literacy skills
Steps Write a draft (32) Introduce the issue Think about how readers will view you, the writer If you argue from a definition, set out the criteria Avoid fallacies (14-15) Anticipate and address opposing viewpoints Make counterarguments if necessary Conclude with strength Choose an interesting title
Off Track/On Track I believe that Americans have the best medical care in the world. It is obvious from watching television news that violent crime is on the rise. On one of the most trusted indicators of health – life expectancy at birth – in 2005 the US ranks 48 th in the world. While violent crime remains the staple of local news, FBI statistics show a 24% drop in violent crimes in the US between 1995 and 2004. Off TrackOn Track
Revise, revise, revise Does your position argument fulfill the assignment? Is your claim arguable and focused? Are your reasons adequate? Are your reasons supported with evidence? Is your organization effective? Is the writing project visually effective? Edit, Edit, Edit!!!!
Read and Review Read 326 in a group What is thesis? What is simple bubble? Grade it using the rubric and put it up on the board