1 Case Study: Kielder Water, Northumberland, England. An example of human intervention in the water cycle – by increasing water storage and by transferring water.Task:Name and locate the schemeDescribe the scheme (both storage and transfer)Explain why the scheme was thought to be necessaryGive 4 advantages and four disadvantages of the scheme.
2 . Location of KIELDER WATER Reservoir A water storage and transfer scheme..
3 Kielder Water lies in unspoilt country about 40 miles north-west of Newcastle, just a few miles south of the Scottish border.
5 A Multi- Purpose scheme Kielder Dam – constructed during 1975 to 1982.It cost £185 million.
6 Water Supply purpose:12 Km long reservoir.Stores 188,000 million litres.
7 H.E.P. Supply PurposeKielder Water is one of Europe's largest man made lakes. It houses the Kielder Hydrolectric plant – England’s biggest HEP scheme.The turbine house is located just below the Kielder dam and is powered by dual turbines capable of producing just over 6 megawatts of ‘green’ power.
8 The water held by Kielder Reservoir is used to help regulate flow into the River Tyne Flood Control PurposeGreat Tyne Flood 1771 – never again?
9 Forestry Purpose as well Surrounded by a 100,000 hectare forest – one of Europe’s largest plantations.