Chemical Elements in Carbohydrates 1.Carbon 2.Hydrogen 3.Oxygen
Function Of Carbohydrates 1. To provide energy (most important function) 2. Provide bulk in the diet 3. Provide dietary fiber 4. Assist in the metabolism of fats 5. Spare protein for tissue maintenance
Dietary Fiber AKA Fiber Classifications 1. Soluble 2.Insoluble Characterstics a. Indigestible b. Provide no calories c. Found only in plant products
Advantages of Complex over Simple Carbohydrates 1. Gives a Feeling of Fullness 2. Takes Longer to Digest 3.Adds fiber to the Diet 4. Contains many other nutrients 5. Does not promote tooth decay 6. Reduced spikes in blood sugar levels
Fruit Honey Milk Juices (100% and cocktails) Alcohol Syrups Cakes, cookies, candies Soda Added to many refined foods
Cereal Grains (wheat, oats, rice, etc) Pasta Breads Legumes Vegetables Potatoes Anything made with flour
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