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Reconstruction to Imperialism. Lincolns plan Radical Republicans Reconstruction Radicals Charles Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens, and Benjamin Wade.

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Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction to Imperialism. Lincolns plan Radical Republicans Reconstruction Radicals Charles Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens, and Benjamin Wade."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reconstruction to Imperialism

2 Lincolns plan Radical Republicans Reconstruction Radicals Charles Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens, and Benjamin Wade

3 Reconstruction Act of 1867 Johnsons Impeachment Reconstruction (continued ) Thaddeus Stevens closing the debate on Johnsons impeachment

4 Originally organized as a social club for Confederate veterans Top goal became assuring white supremacy Violent tactics Decline of the KKK Revivals in the 1920s, 1950s and 1960s The Ku Klux Klan Former Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest, the first Grand Wizard of the KKK

5 Many freedmen couldnt afford their own land Sharecropping: landholders divided their property into plots and provided farmers on each plot with seed and farm implements to work the land The sharecropper used a portion of his crop to pay the landholder Landholders often abused the system Sharecropping

6 Named after a popular minstrel show song Laws that limited black voting Laws that instituted racial segregation Jim Crow Laws

7 Involved a Louisiana African American man arrested for refusing to leave a whites only train car Supreme Court rules against Plessy Separate but equal Plessy v. Ferguson

8 Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois Differing ideas on how blacks could best achieve full equality and on African American education Washington: felt that blacks should achieve economic success before trying to gain political equality Du Bois: blacks should strive to achieve immediate equality with whites in all aspects of American life

9 The Ghost Dance Westward expansion Indians gradually lose their lands The Ghost Dance Sitting Bull and the Sioux Wounded Knee

10 Jane Addams and Hull House Jane Addams Settlement houses/Hull House Provided activities and services for poor immigrants Jane Addams Immigrant children at Hull House

11 Combinations Vertical and horizontal integration Trusts Holding companies Gilded Age Business Practices Andrew Carnegie John D. Rockefeller

12 Horizontal Consolidation Coke fields purchased by Carnegie Coke fields Iron ore deposits purchased by Carnegie Coke fields Iron ore deposits Steel mills purchased by Carnegie Coke fields Iron ore deposits Steel mills Ships purchased by Carnegie Coke fields Iron ore deposits Steel mills Ships Railroads purchased by Carnegie Vertical Consolidation

13 Attempted to combat illegal restraint of trade Flaws Didnt truly become effective until the early 1900s The Sherman Anti-Trust Act

14 Natural selection Survival of the fittest as applied to the business world Social Darwinism Herbert Spencer William Graham Sumner

15 1898: U.S. Industrial Commission Teddy Roosevelt decides to aggressively file antitrust actions Trustbusting

16 National Labor Union Knights of Labor American Federation of Labor (AFL) Early Labor Unions Samuel Gompers Terence V. Powderly

17 Imperialism: strong nations extend their influence (economic, political, military) over other territories or nations Proponents Anti-Imperialists Imperialism

18 The Philippines Cuba: Platt Amendment Imperialism (continued) Senator Orville Platt

19 Spanish-American War 1898: Causes: Yellow Journalism, USS Maine sunk Fighting in Cuba & Philippines Results: U.S. gains Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines & Cuba=Independent

20 Latin American nations had borrowed heavily from European banks Roosevelt Corollary: addition to the Monroe Doctrine U.S. as an international police power The Roosevelt Corollary


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