Presentation on theme: "Answer the following questions."— Presentation transcript:
1 Answer the following questions. Warm upAnswer the following questions.DO NOT USE YOUR BOOK!1. Which branch of government did the founders want to be the most powerful?2. How were Senators originally elected?3. What fraction of Senators must run for election every two years?
2 Congressional Membership House ofRepresentativesSenateQualificationsP.69 Article I Section 2 Clause2P.70 Article I Section 3 Clause 3Number ofmembersTerm of officeRepresentation based on:SalaryBenefits andPrivileges
3 Congressional Membership House ofRepresentativesSenateQualificationsNumber ofmembersTerm of officeRepresentation based on:Salary (in 2012)Benefits andPrivileges25 years old, citizen for 7years, resident of staterepresenting30 years old, citizens for 9Years, resident of staterepresenting4351002 years6 yearspopulationequality$174,000Stationary, postage, medical clinic, gym, can’t bearrested while attending Congress or on their wayto or from Congress
4 The Functions of Congress p.416-420 LawmakingRepresentationTrustee v. Instructed-delegate viewsService to ConstituentsOversightPublic-EducationConflict Resolution
5 Powers of Congress pKnow some of the enumerated powers Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-17 AND 12th, 16th, 20th and 25th Amendments (impose taxes, spend, regulate commerce, declare war, override a veto, propose amendments)Powers of the Senate (treaties, presidential nominations of ambassadors, Supreme Court)
6 Powers of Congress, cont. Necessary & Proper Clause, Article I, Sec 8Checks on Congress: (veto of President, Supreme Court, House elections every 2 years, Senate vs. House)
7 House/Senate Differences ConstitutionalDifferencesLocal districtsEntire state2-year termOriginally elected by votersOrig. elected by state legis (until 1913)May impeachMay convictProcess andCulture435100More formalDebate limitedExtended/filibusterLess prestigeMore media coverageMore partisanMore individualisticSpecificPowersOriginates bills for raising $Advise/consent pres on appts & treaties
8 Miscellaneous InfoCongress is not representative of the US population p.424Congressional Elections & The Power of the Incumbency pCongressional Apportionment pPerks & Privileges p
9 How a Bill Becomes a Law page380 A bill starts when a Congressman writes and introduces it to the House.The bill then goes to a committee where it is debated.If it does not die in committee, the bill is voted on in the House.If the bill passes, it goes to the Senate where the committee process is repeated.If the bill does not die in committee, it is voted on in the Senate.If the bill passes the Senate, it goes to a conference committee to work out any differences.Each house then votes on the compromised bill.If it passes both houses, it goes to the President.If he signs the bill it becomes a law.If he vetoes the bill, Congress can override the veto with a 2/3 vote in each house.
10 Remember!!!All bills that deal with money, either taxing or spending, must start in the House.All money that the government spends is appropriated by Congress.
11 How Work Gets Done in the House of Representatives Responsibilities of House LeadersSpeaker of the HouseMajority LeaderMinority LeaderWhipsResponsibilities of House Rules Committee
12 How Work Gets Done in the House of Representatives Responsibilities of House LeadersSpeaker of the HouseMajority LeaderMinority LeaderWhipsResponsibilities of House Rules CommitteeThe Boss,decides whogets to do what(talk,committees)Page 375Helps plan themajority party’slegislativeProgram, assistthe SpeakerPage 376Helps plan theminority party’slegislativeprogramsPage 376Enforcer,makes suremembers arepresent to voteand vote the“right” wayEnters major bills on house calendars, moves some bills ahead ofothers, may include time limits for debate on a bill, specifies how mucha bill may be changed or amended, settles disputes among Housecommittees, delays or blocks bills that leaders do not want to bevoted on (SEE PAGE 374)
13 Responsibilities of Senate Leaders Vice PresidentMajority LeaderMinority LeaderWhipsPresident Pro Tempore
14 Responsibilities of Senate Leaders Vice PresidentMajority LeaderMinority LeaderWhipsPresident of theSenate, breakstie votesPage 377Developscriticisms ofmajority party’sbills, planslegislativeprogram forminority partyPage 377Plans Senatework scheduleand agendaPage 377Makes sureSenators arepresent for keyvotesPage 378President Pro Tempore – temporary presiding officer of the Senate in theabsence of the Vice President, mostly a ceremonial position page 377
15 Similarities and Differences in House and Senate Procedures
16 Similarities and Differences in House and Senate Procedures VP presides butcan’t vote unlessto break a tieSpeaker presidesand controls whospeaksMembersintroduce billsFormal atmosphereInformal atmosphereMajority leaderscontrol flow of billsFive calendarsOnly two calendarsMinority leaders planto oppose majorityparty’s billsMany ways to delayor block billsFew ways to block bills– But has filibuster
17 Committees in the House and Senate Standing committees– deal with large issues that affect the nationSubcommittee– specializes in subcategory of standing committee’s businessSelect committee– study a specific issue and report findings to the House or SenateJoint committee– act as study groups that report findings to both housesConference committee– resolve differences btwn House and Senate version of a single bill