2 A Bicameral Legislature Bicameral = Two HousesThe SenateThe House of RepresentativesTogether they are the US Congress
3 Terms of Congress Two Year Terms Begin January 3rd of Odd Number Years New Term Begins January 3rd, 2013Terms divided into two 1 year Sessions
4 The House of Representatives Currently 435 MembersTwo Year TermsAll Representatives up for Election every Two Years.
5 The House of Representatives Represent Districts from each StateDistricts assigned by populationRedrawn after each censusGerrymanderying!?!
6 Wisconsin Congressional Districts Wisconsin SenatorsWisconsin Congressional DistrictsTammy Baldwin - DRon Johnson - RSean Duffy – R District 7Paul Ryan – RDistrict 1Tom Petrie – R District 6Reid Ribble – R District 8Mark Pocan – D District 2Jim Sensenbrenner – R District 5Ron Kind – D District 3Gwen Moore – D District 4
7 House Leaders Speaker of the House: Most powerful Picks Committee Leaders, Schedules VotesNext in line for Presidency after VPMajority and Minority LeadersMajority and Minority Whips
8 The Senate Currently 100 Members, 2 per State Each Senator represents his/her whole StateSix Year Terms, 1/3 elected every 2 years
9 Senate Leaders Vice President = Presiding Officer Can vote in case of tiesPresident Pro Tempore: Ceremonial PositionOften the longest serving member of majorityNext in line for Presidency after Speaker
10 234 Republicans 201 Democrats 53 Democrats 47 Republicans Majority vs MinorityThe Party with the most members in a chamber is the Majority PartyThe other Party is in the MinorityHouseSenate234 Republicans 201 Democrats53 Democrats 47 Republicans
11 Committees Detailed work of law making is done in committees. Standing Committees: Exist permanently,Each Committee deals with a specific area of Legislation: Agriculture, Defense Judiciary, Commerce, Education, etcSelect Committees: Temporary, created to deal with specific issues, Assassinations Budget Crisis, etcCommittee Chairmen have great power
12 CommitteesJoint Committees: Both House & Senate members, conduct business of CongressConference Committees: Both House and Senate members. Work out differences between House & Senate versions of Bills
14 Powers of the Legislature Expressed Powers: Article I.8, paras Things Congress is specifically able to doImplied Powers: I.8.18, Necessary & Proper also called Elastic ClauseDeclare WarCollect TaxesPost OfficeCoin MoneyCreate CourtsEtc
15 Limits on PowersArticle I, Section 9: The Constitution prohibits Congress from doing certain thingsProhibit Free SpeechPromote a ReligionInterfere with WorshipBills of AttainderEx Post Facto LawsFavor one State over other States
16 Removing Govt Officers Two Step ProcessApplies to President, VP, Cabinet & JudgesThe House can Impeach (bring charges)Then there is a Trial with the Senate as JuryRequires a 2/3 vote to convict
17 Advise & ConsentThe Senate has the power to Advise and Consent on Presidential appointments and Treaties signed by the President
18 Taxing and SpendingAll Appropriations Bills (Taxes) must originate in the House of RepresentativesAppropriations Bills cover a budget for a two year period (biennum)Two Parts:An Authorization Bill creates the budget, including projects like the Space Shuttle, and how many $$ are to be spentAn Appropriations Bill specifies how the $$ will be raised to pay for the budget