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Chapter 18 Notes Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan. Daily Warm-Up Warm up 6 – Graphic Study – p. 461 Warm up 7 – Place Location Activity – p. 480.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 Notes Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan. Daily Warm-Up Warm up 6 – Graphic Study – p. 461 Warm up 7 – Place Location Activity – p. 480."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 18 Notes Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan

2 Daily Warm-Up Warm up 6 – Graphic Study – p. 461 Warm up 7 – Place Location Activity – p. 480

3 Warm up 8 Although Judaism, Islam, and Christianity are similar, one key difference is their patriarchal leader their view on Jesus Christ they have a place of worship Jerusalem is sacred to Christianity alone. The religions of Judaism, Islam, and Christianity all have which characteristic in common? sects polytheistic monotheistic ethnic groups


5 Essential Questions Where are Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey? Where are the Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip?

6 GA Performance Standard SS7G5 – The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East) SS7G8 – The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).

7 Bosporus Strait A. Turkey is located on two continents. Three important waterways the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanellesseparate the Asian and European parts of Turkey. Together, these waterways are called the Turkish Straits.

8 I. Turkey B. The center of Turkey is a plateau called Anatolia. The Pontic and Taurus Mountains border it. Northern Turkey experiences severe earthquakes.

9 Turkey C. Turkeys climate varies. The Anatolian plateau has a steppe climate. The coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate.

10 President of Turkey Abdullah Gül Associate Professor Abdullah Gül, (Turkish pronunciation: born October 29, 1950) is the 11th and current President of the Republic of Turkey, serving in that office since 28 August He previously served for five months as Prime Minister from 2002 to 2003, and as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2003 to th and currentPresident of the Republic of TurkeyPrime Minister Minister of Foreign Affairs


12 I. Turkey D. Turkeys farmers raise livestock and plant crops such as cotton, tobacco, fruits, and nuts for export. On the drier inland plateau, farmers grow mostly wheat and barley for use at home.

13 Turkey has coal, copper and iron E. Turkey is seeking to join the European Union. Turkey has coal, copper and iron. Turkeys most important industrial activities are oil refining and the making of textiles and clothing. Factories make food products, cars, and steel. Tourism is growing.

14 Turkish People

15 I. Turkey F. Turkeys people are Muslims and live in the northern part of Anatolia or on coastal plains and valleys. Turkeys largest city is Istanbul. It is the only city in the world located on two continents. Istanbul is known for its beautiful palaces, museums, and mosques. The capital city is Ankara. G. The Kurds are one of Turkeys ethnic groups. The Turkish government has tried to force Kurds to put aside their own culture. The Kurds, though, seek to unite with other Kurds from Iraq, Iran, and Syria to form an independent homeland. Tensions have led to violence.

16 Textiles - cloth

17 Istanbul – largest city of Turkey

18 Ankara – Turkeys Capital

19 Kurds A largely Sunni Muslim people with their own language and culture, most Kurds live in the generally contiguous areas of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Armenia and Syria – a mountainous region of southwest Asia generally known as Kurdistan ("Land of the Kurds").

20 I. Turkey H. Istanbul began as a Greek port called Byzantium. Later the Romans renamed it Constantinople. Many of Turkeys people today are descendants of an Asian people called Turks. These people migrated to Anatolia during the A.D. 900s. Migrating means moving from one place to another. I. The Ottomans conquered Constantinople in the 1400s. Renamed Istanbul, it served as the capital for the Ottoman Empire.

21 I. Turkey J. World War I led to the breakup of the Ottoman Empire. Kemal Atatürk became the first president and worked to modernize the country. K. During the 1990s, Muslim and secular, or nonreligious, political groups struggled for control of Turkeys government.

22 II. Syria A. Syria has been a center of trade for centuries. Syrias government is controlled by one political party, and it does not allow many political freedoms. B. The country has fertile areas along the Mediterranean Sea. The vast, dry Syrian Desert covers the eastern region of Syria. C. Agriculture is the main economic activity.

23 Syria

24 D. The Syrian government has built dams on the Euphrates River, which flows through the country. These dams provide water for irrigation as well as hydroelectric power for cities and industries. E. Syria has reserves of oilits main export.

25 Oil

26 Hydroelectric Power Plant

27 Syria Continued F. Almost half of Syrias people live in rural areas. A few are bedouins nomadic desert peoples who follow a traditional way of life. The countrys capital is Damascus. The people are mostly Arab Muslims.

28 President of Syria Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria

29 Essential Question What landform influences Syrias dry climate? (Inland mountains running north and south keep moist sea winds from reaching the eastern part of Syria.)

30 III. Lebanon A. Lebanon is about half the size of New Jersey. Cedar trees once covered it, but most are gone. B. Most of Lebanons people work in service industries.

31 Lebanon C. Beirut is the capital and largest city in Lebanon. Beirut is still rebuilding after a civil war that lasted from 1975 to Lebanons civil war arose between groups of Muslims and Christians. Lebanons economy was almost destroyed.

32 Lebanon D. About 70 percent of Lebanese are Arab Muslims. France ruled Lebanon until it became independent in the 1940s, and French influences can still be seen.

33 President of Lebanon Michel Sleiman, President of Lebanon, addresses the general debate of the sixty-fourth session of the General Assembly.

34 Essential Question Where do the majority of Lebanons people work? (More than 60 percent of Lebanons people work in service industries such as banking and insurance.)

35 Arab Muslims

36 IV. Jordan A. Jordan lacks water and energy resources. Irrigated farmland lies along the Jordan River valley. Most people work in service and manufacturing industries. B. Most people in Jordan are Arab Muslims. Amman is the capital and largest city.

37 Jordan C. Once governed by Great Britain, Jordan became independent in 1946.

38 Jordan D. Jordan has a constitutional monarchy. Elected leaders govern, but a king or queen is the official head of state. A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a written, unwritten or blended constitution. It differs from absolute monarchy in that an absolute monarch serves as the sole source of political power in the state and is not legally bound by any constitution.governmentmonarchhead of state constitution absolute monarchy

39 King Abdullah II –King of Jordan King Abdullah II of Jordan (L) looks on as his wife Queen Rania of Jordan (R) carries their son, the Prince Hashem bin Al Abdullah (C), during the King Abdullah II award ceremony for physical fitness held at the Al- Hussein Sport City on May 27, 2008 in Amman, Jordan.

40 Essential Question What are Jordans leading manufactured goods? (Jordans factories make phosphate, potash, pottery, chemicals, and food products.)

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