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Published byAugustus Nickolas Shields Modified over 6 years ago

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Transformers

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► Electric Generators- the main function of an electric generator is to convert mechanical energy to electrical energy. ► Electric motors- main function of an electric motor is to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy.

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Transformer ► A device that increases or decreases the emf of alternating current. ► Reminder: emf is the energy per unit charge supplied by a source of electric current.

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AC Transformer ► consists of two coils of wire wound around a core of soft iron. ► The coil on the right has N 1 turns and is connected to an input ac potential difference source. This is called the primary winding.

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► The coil on the left is connected to a resistor R and consists of N 2 turns, is the secondary. ► The difference between the two is the amount of turns N

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Transformer equation ►ΔV2=N2 V1►ΔV2=N2 V1►ΔV2=N2 V1►ΔV2=N2 V1 N 1

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Step-up ► When N 2 is greater than N 1 the secondary emf is greater than the primary making it a step up transformers.

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Step Down ► When N 1 is greater than N 2 the secondary emf is less than that of the primary making it a step-down transformers. Examples

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