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By: Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle By: Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle By: Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle By: Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental Middle

2 The Client-Patron System The Client-Patron System Network of reciprocal relationships institutionalized by Roman customNetwork of reciprocal relationships institutionalized by Roman custom The duties of the ClientThe duties of the Client The obligations of the PatronThe obligations of the Patron Patron-client relationships endured over generations in many cases and sometimes across milesPatron-client relationships endured over generations in many cases and sometimes across miles Reflects the central Roman value of fidelityReflects the central Roman value of fidelity

3 Law and Order Senators carry weightSenators carry weight Crime common – murder, assault, stealingCrime common – murder, assault, stealing Police patrol rich onlyPolice patrol rich only Some streets closed at nightSome streets closed at night Anyone can accuse anyone of a crime!Anyone can accuse anyone of a crime! Poor often harsher punishmentsPoor often harsher punishments

4 The Role of Religion Roman gods: stern, powerful and aloofRoman gods: stern, powerful and aloof No formal priesthood role of aristocratsNo formal priesthood role of aristocrats --pax deorum The Pontifex Maximus and his board of priestsThe Pontifex Maximus and his board of priests The role of religious festivals and foreign cultsThe role of religious festivals and foreign cults --The Festival of Lupercalia Except most religions- no conflict with emperorExcept most religions- no conflict with emperor

5 Roman Religion (cont) Three central gods: Jupiter, Juno and MinervaThree central gods: Jupiter, Juno and Minerva Main role of the gods was protection and provision – oversee daily lifeMain role of the gods was protection and provision – oversee daily life The shrine of Vesta and the Vestal Virgins – offer cakes on the hearthThe shrine of Vesta and the Vestal Virgins – offer cakes on the hearth Household shrines: Penates and LaresHousehold shrines: Penates and Lares Roman belief in a multitude of spiritsRoman belief in a multitude of spirits

6 Power in the Roman Family A Patriarchal Society:Patria Potestas (Power of a Father)A Patriarchal Society:Patria Potestas (Power of a Father) Father assumed the power of life and death over his familyFather assumed the power of life and death over his family Roman fathers conferred with a council of friendsRoman fathers conferred with a council of friends Women living in the shadow of men – wealthy can own propertyWomen living in the shadow of men – wealthy can own property The power and duties of womenThe power and duties of women--Tullia

7 Power in the Roman Family (cont) The lot of poor women - HARDThe lot of poor women - HARD The indirect political impact of womenThe indirect political impact of women A day in the life of a Roman householdA day in the life of a Roman household --Began the day early --Main meal at midday --An agricultural economy and practices

8 Goals of Roman Education for Public Life Goals of Roman Education for Public Life Only strong babies keptOnly strong babies kept Poor – home school until 6/7Poor – home school until 6/7 Naming Ceremony – Bulla (boys)Naming Ceremony – Bulla (boys) Boys: Manhood ceremonyBoys: Manhood ceremony Study- Latin, Greek, math, science, lit, music, public speakingStudy- Latin, Greek, math, science, lit, music, public speaking Education of girls – dentist,Education of girls – dentist, Real estate, tutors, midwives Girls:12-18 marriedGirls:12-18 married

9 Roman Food and Drink Roman Food and Drink Wealthy – kitchens vs. Poor – grillsWealthy – kitchens vs. Poor – grills Thermopolia = fast foodThermopolia = fast food Bread, beans, spices, few veggies, cheese, water, meat, etc.Bread, beans, spices, few veggies, cheese, water, meat, etc. Market = exotic animals – anything for $$Market = exotic animals – anything for $$ Breakfast = bread, beans or porridgeBreakfast = bread, beans or porridge Lunch = cheese/bread and maybe olives/celeryLunch = cheese/bread and maybe olives/celery Dinner =Dinner = –Poor = fish, asparagus, fig –Wealthy = honey roasted parrots, date stuffing, salted jellyfish, snails in milk!

10 Wealthy – stone/marble, atrium, couches, mosaicsWealthy – stone/marble, atrium, couches, mosaics Poor – apartment buildings, grills, cramped, noisy, dirtyPoor – apartment buildings, grills, cramped, noisy, dirty Roman Houses

11 Public BathsPublic Baths - for everyone - swim, bathe, exercise, massage - libraries, shops, art, gardens Bread and Circuses (poor) = freeBread and Circuses (poor) = free - gladiators – bloody! - Circus Maximus – chariots – men and women can sit together! Roman Recreation

12 90% of people live in the country90% of people live in the country Wealthy = villas – raise crops/livestockWealthy = villas – raise crops/livestock Farms = grains, grapes, olives, goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, beesFarms = grains, grapes, olives, goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, bees Slaves = most of the work!Slaves = most of the work! Non-slaves = huts, tiny farm or labor on estatesNon-slaves = huts, tiny farm or labor on estates Roman Country Life


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