We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
supports HTML5 video
Published byAllison Romero
Modified over 5 years ago
Properties of matter
General Properties of MatterMatter is anything that has mass and volume Everything is made of matter
What are properties? Characteristics used to describe an object Ex: color, odor, shape, size, texture,hardness video
General Properties of matterMass, weight, volume, and density Properties are used to identify a substance
What is mass? Mass is the amount of matter in an object Mass is constant Mass is also the measure of inertia
What is inertia? Inertia is the resistance of an object to changes in its motion The more mass the greater the inertia
Questions How is mass related to inertia? Why are properties of an object important?
Force and inertia When an object is at rest, a force is needed to overcome the inertia to make it move and to stop the object’s motion
Question Which object has more inertia, an empty wagon or one loaded with rocks? Why?
What does a seatbelt do for a passenger when a car stops suddenly?Question What does a seatbelt do for a passenger when a car stops suddenly?
Question Why would the passenger move forward without the restraining force of the belt?
What would stop a passenger if the seatbelt were not in place?Question What would stop a passenger if the seatbelt were not in place?
Question What other safety features are present in a car in response to a person’s inertia in a moving vehicle?
Weight The measure of the force of gravity on the mass of an objectWeight changes with gravity The metric unit for weight is a Newton (N)
Weight formula 1 kg = 2.2 poundsWeight is mass times gravity (9.8 m/s2) W= m x g What is your mass? What is your weight in Newtons?
What is gravity? The force of attraction between objects is gravityAll objects exert a gravitational force on each other
Question Why can’t you feel the attraction between you and other objects the same way you are pulled toward Earth?
The greater the mass of an object the greater the gravitational forceGravitational pull The greater the mass of an object the greater the gravitational force
Question Why can’t we feel the pull of gravity from Jupiter even though it is so massive?
What affects gravity? The pull of gravity weakens as the distance between objects increases gravity depends on mass and distance
Gravity The further an object is from the center of the earth, the less the object will weigh
Question Would you weigh less, more, or the same on top of Mount Everest?
Question The moon is smaller than the earth. How would your weight be different on the moon?
Questions What are three properties of matter related to mass?
What is density and how is it calculated?Question What is density and how is it calculated?
Density The density of water is 1.0 g/mlObjects with densities greater than 1.0 will sink in water
Objects with densities less than 1.0 g/ml will float on waterDensity Objects with densities less than 1.0 g/ml will float on water
Ice Ice floats therefore it is less dense than water Ice mostly remains underwater with only a portion of it being exposed
Astronomy fact! The planet Saturn has a density of less than 1.0 g/ml. If there was an ocean big enough to hold it, it would float!
Calculations If 96.5 grams of gold has a volume of 5 cubic centimeters, what is the density of gold?
Calculation If 96.5 g of aluminum has a volume of 35 cm3, what is the density of aluminum?
Calculation If the density of a diamond is 3.5 g/cm3, what would be the mass of a diamond whose volume is 0.5 cm3?
What is specific gravity?A comparison of the density of a substance and the density of water is specific gravity
Questions How is density different from specific gravity?
What is a physical property?Physical properties are those that can be observed without changing the identity of the substance
Phases of matter (video)Four phases of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma solids have a definite shape and volume
Solid particle arrangementSolids are tightly packed and the particles vibrate Two types of solids are crystalline and amorphous
Types of solids Crystalline solids are arranged in repeating patterns called crystals (salt, sugar) Amorphous solids can lose their shape
Examples of amorphous solidsTar, candle wax, glass Shape changes under certain conditions (differences in temperature)
Liquid particle arrangementLiquids have particles that are close together, but are free to move
Describe the shape of a liquid.Question Describe the shape of a liquid.
Liquids do not have a definite shape, but they have a definite volumeDescribe a liquid Liquids do not have a definite shape, but they have a definite volume
Question What happens when one-liter of soda is poured into a four-liter container?
Properties of liquids Liquids do not expand to fill the volume of a container Liquids are characterized by their ability to flow
What is viscosity? The resistance of a liquid to flowThe difficulty of a liquid to flow easily Honey, motor oil, corn syrup have a high viscosity
Behavior of liquids Cohesion is the force of attraction between LIKE particles Adhesion is the force of attraction between UNLIKE particles
Surface tension (video)Tendency of particles to pull together at the surface of a liquid due to cohesion
Question Describe the viscosity of a liquid. Describe a liquid’s shape.
Questions How is adhesion different from cohesion? Explain surface tension.
Properties of gases Gases do not have a definite shape or volume (video) They fill all the available space in a container
Kinetic Molecular Theory of MatterMatter is made of tiny particles in constant motion
Question How are solids, liquids, and gases different from one another?
Gas laws Boyle’s and Charles’ law describe the behavior of gases with changes in temperature, pressure, and volume
Charles Law Charles’ law describes a relationship between the temperature and volume of a gas (constant pressure)
Charles’ Law As the temperature of a gas increases, the volume of a gas increases Heating air causes it to expand
How can you explain the fact that gas particles expand to fill space?Question How can you explain the fact that gas particles expand to fill space?
Pressure The force that particles of a substance (gas/liquid) will apply over a certain area
Boyle’s Law Boyle’s law describes the relationship between the volume and pressure of gases (constant temperature)
Boyle’s law If the volume of a gas decreases, then the pressure of a gas increases (Boyle’s law) The smaller the space a gas occupies, the more pressure
Plasma Plasma (phase) most common phase in the universe, dangerous, very high energy (found in stars)
Question What are the four phases of matter? Describe the plasma phase of matter.
Phase changes (video) Phase changes in matter are melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, and sublimation
What is a physical change?Physical changes involve the changing of physical properties Type of matter remains the same
Questions Describe each of the five phase changes (melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, and sublimation).
Physical changes Changing color, shape, phase, texture, hardness, odor would be a physical change
Melting video Phase change from a solid to a liquid
Temperature in which a solid changes to a liquidMelting point Temperature in which a solid changes to a liquid Physical property
Questions How is melting different from freezing?
Phase changes (video) Involve a change in volume, but mass remains constant Adding or removing energy from matter results in phase changes
Phase change from a liquid to a gasVaporization Phase change from a liquid to a gas
Boiling point (video) The temperature in which a liquid boilsPoint at which a liquid changes to a gas
Phase change of a liquid to a solid Freezing (video) Phase change of a liquid to a solid The temperature in which this occurs is the freezing point
Condensation Condensation is the phase change from a gas to a liquid Sublimation is a phase change from solid to a gas
Question Describe a difference between condensation and vaporization.
Dry ice and iodine are examples solids that undergo sublimationSublimation examples Dry ice and iodine are examples solids that undergo sublimation
Chemical properties Describe how a substance changes into new substances are chemical properties Ex: flammability
Chemical changes The change of a substance into a new and different substance Also known as a chemical reaction video
Questions What is another name for a chemical change?Describe sublimation. How is a chemical change different from a physical change?
EcoTherm Plus WGB-K 20 E 4,5 – 20 kW.
AGVISE Laboratories %Zone or Grid Samples – Northwood laboratory
Trend for Precision Soil Testing % Zone or Grid Samples Tested compared to Total Samples.
RF & MF VALVE REBUILDING
2011年上半年 我院团学工作活动图片展播 2011年8月28日.
EuroCondens SGB E.
Slide 1Fig 26-CO, p.795. Slide 2Fig 26-1, p.796 Slide 3Fig 26-2, p.797.
Slide 1Fig 25-CO, p.762. Slide 2Fig 25-1, p.765 Slide 3Fig 25-2, p.765.
Addition and Subtraction Equations
Chapter 13 States of Matter Gases, Liquids and Solids
Copyright©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1 Chapter 13 States of Matter Gases, Liquids and Solids.
David Burdett May 11, 2004 Package Binding for WS CDL.
Create an Application Title 1Y - Youth Chapter 5.
Add Governors Discretionary (1G) Grants Chapter 6.
CHAPTER 18 The Ankle and Lower Leg
The 5S numbers game..
A Fractional Order (Proportional and Derivative) Motion Controller Design for A Class of Second-order Systems Center for Self-Organizing Intelligent.
Break Time Remaining 10:00.
© 2019 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.