Presentation on theme: "The Rise of the Modern Conservative Movement"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Rise of the Modern Conservative Movement Ronald ReaganThe Rise of the Modern Conservative Movement
2 Ronald Reagan Born in Illinois, 1911 Lifeguard, Radio Announcer Launched an acting career during the Great DepressionBecame conservative during socialist and communist threats in the movie industry (HUAC)Switched from Democratic to Republican Party in the late 50s/early 60sSource: Reagan by Jules TygielReagan by Dinesh D’Souza
3 The 1980 ElectionBetween current President Jimmy Carter (Democrat) and Republican Ronald Reagan
4 The New Conservative Coalition The NEW RIGHT Conservative evangelical ChristiansTo restore Christian Values in AmericaSouthern DemocratsReduction of Social ProgramsCalled for reduction in size and power of governmentFavored return of US military pridePatriotic focus
5 The 1980 “Revolution”Carter’s perceived mishandling of major challengesReagan’s ability to communicate - “The Great Communicator”Few simple well-articulated idea
7 Assassination Attempt John Hickley Jr. – assassinWanted to win Jodie Foster’s heartThree people shot, including ReaganJust 69 days into first presidencyReagan recovered to shot in lungJames Brady, Press Secretary suffered a head shot and was disabled.
8 Supply-Side Economics a.k.a “Reaganomics” Cut taxes to put more money into the hands of businessesCut taxes on the wealthiest AmericansLower taxes = more investment in the “supply side” of the economyWould:promote and create new jobsencourage capital investment, andlead to stimulated industrial growth
9 ECONOMIC THEORIESSupply Side Economics (generally favored by conservatives):Tax breaks to the wealthy capital accumulation higher productivity lower prices job creation higher tax revenues collected by the government money to reduce federal budget deficits.Demand Side or Keynesian Economics (generally favored by liberals):tax breaks to working/middle classes higher productivity job creation higher tax revenues collected by the government money to reduce federal budget deficits.
10 Cutting Government Regulation - “deregulation” Continued Carter’s programs to deregulate key industriesEnergy, Transportation and Banking IndustriesChallenged Air Traffic Controllers in Fired those who refused to go back to work after a strike.
11 Slowed Federal Growth - New Federalism (Reagan-style) Limiting governmentEliminated public service jobsreduced unemployment compensationlowered welfare benefitsraised fees for Medicare patientsFederal domestic spending still grew for a couple of years
12 Reagan and Military Buildup Sharp increase in military spending = buildupNew weapons and new technologyNeoconservatives (Neo-cons = Dick Cheney, Don Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, Condoleeza Rice, Richard Armistead, Colin Powell, etc.)Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) = better known as Star Wars
13 Reagan and the Cold War Called Soviet Union the “evil empire” Reagan - Cold WarriorLebanonLibyaGrenadaEl SalvadorNicaragua (Contra rebels supported by US)
14 Reagan: Economic Recession, and Recovery Inflation slowed, consumer spending increasedStock market grewFederal deficit grew even as domestic spending decreasedNational debt = $909 billion in $3.2 trillion in 1990
15 Election of 1984 Patriotic Renewal 59% of popular vote Second largest electoral victory in history1984 Olympics in Los AngelesCommunist-bloc countries boycottedth anniversary of Statue of Libertyth anniversary of the Constitution
16 Other issues 1984-1988 AIDS Awareness Women’s Movement stalled (ERA failed in 1982)Supreme Court conservativesSandra Day O’ConnorAnthony KennedyAntonin ScaliaChief Justice William Rehnquist
17 More issues: 1984-1988 Farm Crisis - foreclosures Manufacturing shift - from metal and textiles (overseas = outsourcing due to labor costs)Service sectors continued to growWealthiest Americans flourished in the 1980sJan 28, Space Shuttle Challenger exploded shortly after take off
18 Cold War Continued Afghanistan 1980s Soviet republic In 1970s Afghans tried to fight Soviets for independence1980sUSA convinces Saudi Arabia to send troops “mujahadeen” (holy warriors) to fight against SovietsOne of the mujahadeen is Bin Laden
19 IRAN-CONTRA What was it? Sale of weapons to Iran to ransom US hostages held in Lebanon and to finance anticommunist contra-revolucionarios (contras) in Nicaragua in order to depose the SandanistasIllegal because Congress had limited amount of aid US could provide (Boland Amendment)US sold arms to IranIllegal because he could not sell arms to a “terrorist state” without Congressional approvalAdministration response: lied to the press and Congress, withheld crucial documents