Presentation on theme: "Chapter 26 THE REPUBLICAN REVOLUTION"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 26 THE REPUBLICAN REVOLUTION The American Nation In the Modern Era4/13/2017Chapter 26 THE REPUBLICAN REVOLUTIONSection 1: Reagan Comes to PowerSection 2: Reagan’s Second TermSection 3: Bush and Life in the 1980sCHAPTER 26--THE REPUBLICAN REVOLUTION
2Objectives: Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power What factors helped Ronald Reagan win the presidency in 1980?What was President Reagan’s main economic program, and how successful was it?What were the significant developments in the Cold War in the 1980s?How did the Reagan administration become involved in events in El Salvador and Nicaragua?
3Factors in Reagan’s win Section 1: Reagan Comes to PowerFactors in Reagan’s winfrustration with the Iran hostage crisisCarter’s inability to solve domestic problemsAmericans’ insecurity about the futureReagan’s appeal across party lines
4Reagan’s economic program Section 1: Reagan Comes to PowerReagan’s economic programsupply side-economicscuts in government regulationscuts in social programsbrought drop in inflation rate, business recovery, and stock market boomexcluded the poorest Americans and members of minorities from prosperityincreased homelessness
5Developments in the Cold War Section 1: Reagan Comes to PowerDevelopments in the Cold WarSDI controversySolidarity movementshooting down of Korean airlinerplacement of American missiles in Great Britain and GermanySoviet departure from arms-control talksSoviet boycott of 1984 Summer Olympics
6Involvement in El Salvador and Nicaragua Section 1: Reagan Comes to PowerInvolvement in El Salvador and NicaraguaReagan feared that Latin America would come under Soviet influence.In El Salvador’s civil war, Reagan aided the Duarte government.Reagan used the CIA to help the Contras fight the Sandinista government of Nicaragua.
7Objectives: Section 2: Reagan’s Second Term How did the Republicans win the 1984 election, and how did the makeup of the Supreme Court change in the 1980s?What events began to shake public confidence in the economy?How did the Iran-Contra affair develop?What developments eased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union in the late 1980s?
8Changes in Supreme Court Section 2: Reagan’s Second TermThe Republican win in 1984military action in Grenadaincreasing participation of women in the PartyChanges in Supreme Courtappointment of first womanmembership more conservative
9Failing confidence in the economy Section 2: Reagan’s Second TermFailing confidence in the economyhuge federal deficitsillegal insider tradingstock market crashS&L crisis
10The Iran-Contra affair Section 2: Reagan’s Second TermThe Iran-Contra affairCongress cut off funds to the contras.Reagan administration sold arms to Iran to obtain release of hostages in Lebanon.Administration used profits to illegally fund the Contras.Illegal arms sales were discovered.
11Easing of tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union Section 2: Reagan’s Second TermEasing of tensions between U.S. and Soviet UnionglasnostperestroikaINF TreatyGorbachev’s policy of détentewithdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan
12Objectives: Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s How did American society change in the 1980s?How did the Cold War end?What led to the Persian Gulf War, and how did it differ from previous U.S. military conflicts?
13Changes in American society Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980sChanges in American societygrowth of the yuppie lifestyledoubling of number of single-parent householdsPC explosionrise of technocultureemergence of AIDS
14Events ending the Cold War Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980sEvents ending the Cold WarSoviet policy of noninterventionfree elections in Poland and Hungaryfall of communist governments in Czechoslovakia and Romaniapro-democracy demonstrations in East Germanyopening of Berlin Wall and reunification of GermanyGorbachev’s loss of powerdissolution of Soviet Union
15Persian Gulf War Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s caused by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait and ignoring of UN’s deadline for withdrawalwon with high-tech weaponsmore television coverage than ever beforesignificant role played by female troops
16Bush’s domestic problems Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980sBush’s domestic problemssharp rise in federal deficitpersistence of trade deficit with Japangrowth of number of people living in povertyeconomic recessionThomas-Hill hearings