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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 26 THE REPUBLICAN REVOLUTION Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power Section 2:

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 26 THE REPUBLICAN REVOLUTION Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power Section 2:"— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 26 THE REPUBLICAN REVOLUTION Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power Section 2: Reagan’s Second Term Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: What factors helped Ronald Reagan win the presidency in 1980? What factors helped Ronald Reagan win the presidency in 1980? What was President Reagan’s main economic program, and how successful was it? What was President Reagan’s main economic program, and how successful was it? What were the significant developments in the Cold War in the 1980s? What were the significant developments in the Cold War in the 1980s? How did the Reagan administration become involved in events in El Salvador and Nicaragua? How did the Reagan administration become involved in events in El Salvador and Nicaragua? Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 Factors in Reagan’s win frustration with the Iran hostage crisis frustration with the Iran hostage crisis Carter’s inability to solve domestic problems Carter’s inability to solve domestic problems Americans’ insecurity about the future Americans’ insecurity about the future Reagan’s appeal across party lines Reagan’s appeal across party lines Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Reagan’s economic program supply side-economics supply side-economics cuts in government regulations cuts in government regulations cuts in social programs cuts in social programs brought drop in inflation rate, business recovery, and stock market boom brought drop in inflation rate, business recovery, and stock market boom excluded the poorest Americans and members of minorities from prosperity excluded the poorest Americans and members of minorities from prosperity increased homelessness increased homelessness Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 Developments in the Cold War SDI controversy SDI controversy Solidarity movement Solidarity movement shooting down of Korean airliner shooting down of Korean airliner placement of American missiles in Great Britain and Germany placement of American missiles in Great Britain and Germany Soviet departure from arms-control talks Soviet departure from arms-control talks Soviet boycott of 1984 Summer Olympics Soviet boycott of 1984 Summer Olympics Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Involvement in El Salvador and Nicaragua Reagan feared that Latin America would come under Soviet influence. Reagan feared that Latin America would come under Soviet influence. In El Salvador’s civil war, Reagan aided the Duarte government. In El Salvador’s civil war, Reagan aided the Duarte government. Reagan used the CIA to help the Contras fight the Sandinista government of Nicaragua. Reagan used the CIA to help the Contras fight the Sandinista government of Nicaragua. Section 1: Reagan Comes to Power

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 Objectives: How did the Republicans win the 1984 election, and how did the makeup of the Supreme Court change in the 1980s? How did the Republicans win the 1984 election, and how did the makeup of the Supreme Court change in the 1980s? What events began to shake public confidence in the economy? What events began to shake public confidence in the economy? How did the Iran-Contra affair develop? How did the Iran-Contra affair develop? What developments eased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union in the late 1980s? What developments eased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union in the late 1980s? Section 2: Reagan’s Second Term

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 8 The Republican win in 1984 military action in Grenada military action in Grenada increasing participation of women in the Party increasing participation of women in the Party Changes in Supreme Court appointment of first woman appointment of first woman membership more conservative membership more conservative Section 2: Reagan’s Second Term

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 9 Failing confidence in the economy huge federal deficits huge federal deficits illegal insider trading illegal insider trading stock market crash stock market crash S&L crisis S&L crisis Section 2: Reagan’s Second Term

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 10 The Iran-Contra affair Congress cut off funds to the contras. Congress cut off funds to the contras. Reagan administration sold arms to Iran to obtain release of hostages in Lebanon. Reagan administration sold arms to Iran to obtain release of hostages in Lebanon. Administration used profits to illegally fund the Contras. Administration used profits to illegally fund the Contras. Illegal arms sales were discovered. Illegal arms sales were discovered. Section 2: Reagan’s Second Term

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 11 Easing of tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union glasnost glasnost perestroika perestroika INF Treaty INF Treaty Gorbachev’s policy of détente Gorbachev’s policy of détente withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan Section 2: Reagan’s Second Term

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 12 Objectives: How did American society change in the 1980s? How did American society change in the 1980s? How did the Cold War end? How did the Cold War end? What led to the Persian Gulf War, and how did it differ from previous U.S. military conflicts? What led to the Persian Gulf War, and how did it differ from previous U.S. military conflicts? Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 13 Changes in American society growth of the yuppie lifestyle growth of the yuppie lifestyle doubling of number of single-parent households doubling of number of single-parent households PC explosion PC explosion rise of technoculture rise of technoculture emergence of AIDS emergence of AIDS Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 14 Events ending the Cold War Soviet policy of nonintervention Soviet policy of nonintervention free elections in Poland and Hungary free elections in Poland and Hungary fall of communist governments in Czechoslovakia and Romania fall of communist governments in Czechoslovakia and Romania pro-democracy demonstrations in East Germany pro-democracy demonstrations in East Germany opening of Berlin Wall and reunification of Germany opening of Berlin Wall and reunification of Germany Gorbachev’s loss of power Gorbachev’s loss of power dissolution of Soviet Union dissolution of Soviet Union Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 15 Persian Gulf War caused by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait and ignoring of UN’s deadline for withdrawal caused by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait and ignoring of UN’s deadline for withdrawal won with high-tech weapons won with high-tech weapons more television coverage than ever before more television coverage than ever before significant role played by female troops significant role played by female troops Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 16 Bush’s domestic problems sharp rise in federal deficit sharp rise in federal deficit persistence of trade deficit with Japan persistence of trade deficit with Japan growth of number of people living in poverty growth of number of people living in poverty economic recession economic recession Thomas-Hill hearings Thomas-Hill hearings Section 3: Bush and Life in the 1980s


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