Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Igneous Rocks Hot rocks/Fire Rocks Igneous comes from Latin and means fire.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Igneous Rocks Hot rocks/Fire Rocks Igneous comes from Latin and means fire."— Presentation transcript:

1 Igneous Rocks Hot rocks/Fire Rocks Igneous comes from Latin and means fire.

2 Key Questions 1.What is an Igneous Rock? 2.How are Igneous Rocks classified? 3.What are the two types of Igneous rocks? 4.What are the characteristics of Intrusive Igneous Rocks? 5.What are the characteristics of Extrusive Igneous Rocks? 6.What is Volcanic Glass?

3 Igneous Rock Igneous rocks form when molten rock cools and solidifies. Molten rock is called magma when it is below the Earths surface and lava when it is above.

4 when molten rock cools and solidifies Magma (below) Lava (above)

5 Igneous Rock classification Igneous rocks are classified two different ways: –Where they were formed –What they are made from (mineral composition)

6 Intrusive Igneous Rocks Igneous rocks that form below the Earths surface are called intrusive igneous rocks. They form when magma enters a pocket or chamber underground that is relatively cool and solidifies into crystals as it cools very slowly.

7 when molten rock cools and solidifies Magma (below) Lava (above ) Intrusive magma slowly large Crystal size

8 Intrusive Igneous Rock Most intrusive rocks have large, well formed crystals. The mineral crystals within them are large enough to see without a microscope.mineral The more slowly molten rock cools within the Earth, the larger the igneous rocks crystals will be. Examples of intrusive igneous rocks are granite, gabbro and diorite Diorite

9 when molten rock cools and solidifies Magma (below) Lava (above) Intrusive magma slowly large Granite, gabbro, diorite Crystal size

10 Extrusive Igneous Rocks Extrusive igneous rocks, or volcanics, form when magma makes its way to Earth's surface. The molten rock erupts or flows above the surface as lava, and then cools forming rock. Most extrusive (volcanic) rocks have small crystals. Examples include basalt, rhyolite, and andesite.

11 when molten rock cools and solidifies Magma (below) Lava (above) Intrusive magma slowly large Granite, gabbro, diorite Extrusive Lava Quickly Small or not visible Pumice, obsidian, basalt Crystal size

12 Volcanic Glass Pumice, obsidian, and scoria are examples of volcanic glass. These rocks cooled so quickly that few or no mineral grains formed. Most of the atoms in these rocks are not arranged in orderly patterns, and few crystals are present.

13 Glassy Igneous Rocks Pumice (left) Scoria (bottom left) Obsidian (bottom) Note gasses in the lava can cause fine holes called vesicles as seen in the pumice and scoria. Glassy Igneous Rocks cool so rapidly, that atoms dont have enough time to get together, bond and form crystals. To cool this quickly the rocks MUST be extrusive.

14 Classification Igneous Rocks are also classified by their physical and chemical properties.

15 when molten rock cools and solidifies Magma (below) Lava (above) Intrusive magma slowly large Granite, gabbro, diorite Extrusive Lava Quickly Small or not visible Pumice, obsidian, basalt Crystal size Physical & chemical properties

16


Download ppt "Igneous Rocks Hot rocks/Fire Rocks Igneous comes from Latin and means fire."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google