3 When?Beginning in the late 15th century, Europeans began traveling to the new world.Exploration was not easy.Voyages were expensive and the routes were uncertain.The conditions in the new world were extreme. Many of the Europeans died of disease or starvation.
4 Why did exploration occur? Wealth and fame for countrySpread their religionGain more land for their countryAdventure!
5 The search for better trade routes! Europeans were searching for a trade route to AsiaAsian goods were currently under the control of Arab tradersThis caused the spices and other items to be very expensiveThe first to locate a safe and fast way to reach Asia would control all trade between Europe and Asia
6 Christopher Columbus Spain 1492 Search for a trade route, looking for riches. Cuba, Jamaica, parts of Central America
7 What happened after Columbus and his voyage? After Christopher reached the new world, stories of the land began to spread. Stories of GOLD and other riches spread.The stories stated that the civilizations living in the Americas had streets paved with gold.Exaggerations encouraged others to explore.
8 Each European country had different reasons for Coming to the New World All Water Route to Asia going WestReligiousWealth/Gold & RichesDefense Against other Countries
9 John Cabot English Exploration Competition for landSearch for wealthCoast of North America to CarolinasClaimed the coast for England
10 Early Explorations 1500-1530 Amerigo Vespucci-Italy- South America Balboa-Spain-area of Panama, Pacific OceanMagellan-Spain-Sailed around the globePizzaro- Spain- South America
11 Early Exploration of Georgia Most early exploration of the southeast was done by the Spanish.The Mississippian Culture -who the first Europeans met when they arrived.But artifacts suggest that entire towns were uninhabited as early as 1540.Explorers brought horses and guns to the new world.11
12 Spanish Conquistadors (conquerors) 1513-1542 1. Juan Ponce de LeonFountain of Youth, FloridaFound the Gulf Stream as it pushed him backward as he tried to sail south to CaribbeanFirst Spanish on North American mainland2. Vasquez de AyllonFirst to set foot in GeorgiaBrought slaves and wanted to settle the landSan Miguel de Gualdape around Sapelo IslandBad weather, Ayllon died, others died or revolted
13 Hernando DeSoto First explorations in the interior of Georgia-1539 Purpose of the exploration was the search for gold and a new trade routeInto SW GeorgiaParty was large and well equipped- 620 men and 223 horses.First to cross Appalachian Mountains into TNSearched for gold and riches
14 DeSoto and the Native Americans Exploited the Native Americans – made friends, then often robbed them or killed them.Wanted to conquer the Native AmericansNative Americans could not defend themselves against guns, many were killed or forced into slavery.Exposed to diseases that killed them.Helped end the Mississippian culture.
15 French ExplorationsIn 1562 France sent Jean Ribault, and other explorers to North America in search of gold.Landed in Florida and made their way to what is now South Carolina and started a colony called Charlesfort.They ran out of food and supplies, so they sent a ship back to France for more supplies. When the ship returned, the settlers were gone.France also founded a colony in Fort Caroline in Florida in 1564.
16 French Explorations Also wanted a colony for religious freedom Huguenots- French ProtestantsSpanish destroyed Fort Caroline to stop competition over land and wealthFrance abandons the SoutheastMoved to the interior intoOhio River ValleyMississippi River ValleyGreat Lakes Region
17 SpainDestroyed Fort Caroline to stop the competition with France over the wealth in the new world.1568 built the first missionsMissions-built to spread Catholicism and integrate Native Americans into a new society ruled by SpanishGave Spain control over them.
18 More Spanish presence Wanted to convert the natives to Catholicism Early missions were built on the barrier islands, since easier for ships to accessSan SimeonSanta Catalina de GualeNative Americans used the missions to help them learn the language and learn how to trade with with Europeans
19 Spain continuedAllowed the local chiefs to continue to rule over their tribes, but they were to answer to colonial government.Spain hoped to control the Native Americans through the missions.Missions also used as a trading post for the Native Americans and the Europeans.Mission period ended in 1684 due to declining populations of the Native Americans, due to illness, as well as slave revolts and English raids.
20 England England, under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) She was a ProtestantProtestants enemies of the Catholics (Spain)Phillip II of Spain built the Spanish Armada in an attempt to attack the British fleet.1588 Britain defeated the Spanish ArmadaThis fight would continue in the new world
21 English- Mercantilism Economic plan to make moneySmall country, wanted to expand landEstablish a colony to create a market for a country’s exports.Colony also provides the parent country with raw materials to increase trade and gold.Government controls trade and transfers money from colony to mother country.
22 EnglandDefeat of the Spanish Armada and English dominance allowed the English to begin exploration of North AmericaCame to America hoping for goldAlso sought to trade copper and furs, and enslaved Native AmericansSlave trade resulted in many deaths of Native Americans in Georgia
24 What about the Native Americans? At first Native Americans were fairly cooperativeLife was hard for the European explorers, not familiar with the crops. Native Americans taught them how to grow food like maize (corn).Horses and guns they traded for helped with travel and hunting (also protection).Creeks traded with English and fought against Spanish, ALLIESAfter Spanish and French left, English had a monopoly.
25 Summary of Interaction with the Native Americans Europeans brought with them to the new world:Tools, guns, horses, and diseases.European countries felt it was their duty to spread ChristianityChristian Missionaries- someone sent by a church to a foreign country to spread its faithSome Europeans were kind to the Native Americans. Native Americans showed them how to grow new crops.
26 Europeans began enslaving many of the Native Americans Eventually much of the Native population died due to disease. This required the Europeans to look for another source of workers to enslave.
27 Chapter 3 Terms to Know Conquistadors – Conquerors (Spanish) Huguenots – French ProtestantsMercantilism – England’s economic ability to control trade and attempt to transfer wealth from the colonies to the parent countryMission- a religious settlementMaize- Native American corn
28 Ticket out the Door3-THREE COUNTRIES WHO EXPLORED THE NEW WORLD (IN ORDER),2- TWO REASONS WHY THEY CAME,1- ONE SPANISH EXPLORER WHO WAS THE FIRST TO EXPLORE GA28
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