Presentation on theme: "German and Italian Unification"— Presentation transcript:
1German and Italian Unification Big Picture:Unification:What makes up a movement for unification?Nationalism – Yes. But what does that mean?One people (Culture) Yes.One Language (possibly)One type of Government (that is a problem!)
2German and Italian Unification These two areas, Germany and Italy, will become unified nations for similar and different reasons.Let’s look briefly at them, side by side, and see the similarities between them.
3German and Italian Unification German StatesPrussia: Greatest StateDynamic LeaderBismarck: Like a Prime Minister. Runs the showWilliam I: King of PrussiaItalian StatesPiedmont Sardinia: Greatest StateDynamic Leader:Cavour: Like a Prime Minister-- Runs the showVictor Emmanuel: Like a King of SardiniaMazzini/Garibaldi- Both want a Republic, Cavour does not.
4German and Italian Unification German StatesIssues:Prussia seeks a common German StateThey will lead,others have to followHas to deal with liberals who do not want $ spent on the militaryAustria, another German State, is nearly as strong as PrussiaItalian StatesIssues:Have never been unified since the fall of Rome (476 A.D)Have separate AgendasNorth = IndustrySouth = AgricultureHave a strong foreign presence in their areaAustriaFrance
5German and Italian Unification German StatesWho wants what?Bismarck – wants to increase the size of PrussiaIf it means a unified Germany, so be itHe is a Prussian before he is a GermanWilliam I – is willing to let Bismarck run the showItalian StatesWho wants what?Cavour – feels that a strong, industrial Piedmont will lead the rest of the states. $ = Power = unificationMazzini and Garibaldi want unification based on political ideology: A RepublicVictor Emmanuel - is willing to let Cavour run the show
6German and Italian Unification German StatesObstacles to UnificationAustria- they are a powerful “German State” with a different agenda than PrussiaFrance: they control land that used to belong to PrussiaPolitical Differences- Between Bismarck and the wealthy classes (over $ for war)Italian StatesObstacles to UnificationAustria – They control/manage PiedmontFrance – They control parts of the Center of ItalyPolitical Differences – Between Cavour, who has no problem having a King as long as Italy is unified, and Garibaldi, who wants Italy to be a Republic.
7German and Italian Unification German StatesSteps to UnificationBismarck raises $ for the MilitaryAllies with Russia to take back Schleswig and HolsteinProvokes Austria to was and crushes them in 7 WeeksProvokes France and crushes them (revenge for Napoleon)Establishes Germany in 1871Italian StatesSteps to UnificationSardinia Provokes Austria into battle and beats them (with French help)Garibaldi gathers his army “Red Shirts” in the south, they conquer and move northCavour links with Garibaldi,and France is Finally is driven from Italy because they were being beaten by Prussia
8German and Italian Unification German StatesResults of UnificationA strong, Industrialized and Militarized GermanAustria is “on its own”Increased Tension between France and GermanyThe seeds of the Germany we will see in WWIItalian StatesResults of UnificationDivision between North and South ItalyPolitical Unity, but not cultural or social unityThe connection, of Unification, between Italy and Germany that will make them allies in WWI & WWII
9Bismarck Quotations"Politics is the art of the possible, the attainable the art of the next best.""Laws are like sausages. It's better not to see them being made.""Never believe in anything until it has been officially denied.""I am bored. The great things are done. The German Reich is made.""A generation that has taken a beating is always followed by a generation that deals one."“The great questions of the day will not be decided by speeches and resolutions—that was the blunder of 1848 and 1849—but by blood and iron.”"Some damned foolish thing in the Balkans." (Bismarck's prediction on what would trigger the next war)