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Chapter 16 Circulation.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 Circulation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16 Circulation

2 Section 1 The Cardiovascular System (also the circulatory system, consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood) The cardiovascular system carries needed substances to cells and carries waste products away from cells. In addition, blood containing cells that fight disease

3 Section 1 The Cardiovascular System Delivering needed materials
Removing waste products Fighting disease How does the cardiovascular system help fight disease?

4 Section 1 The Heart (is a hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body) Each time the heart beats, it pushes blood through the blood vessels of the cardiovascular system

5 Section 1 The Heart The heart’s structure Atrium Pacemaker Ventricle
The right side of the heart is completely separated from the left side by a wall of tissue called the septum. Each side has two compartments, or chambers – an upper chamber and a lower chamber Atrium Pacemaker Ventricle Valve How the heart works What is the role of the pacemaker?

6 Section 1 Two Loops Arteries Capillaries Veins Pattern of blood flow
In the first loop, blood travels from the heart to the lungs & then back to the heart. In the second loop, blood is pumped from the heart throughout the body & then returns again to the heart Loop one: to the lungs and back Loop two: to the body and back Aorta

7 Section 1 Arteries When blood leaves the heart, it travels through arteries Coronary arteries Artery structure The walls of arteries are generally very thick. In fact, artery walls consist of three cell layers Pulse Regulating blood flow What causes your pulse?

8 Section 1 Capillaries In the capillaries, materials are exchanged between the blood and the body’s cells. Capillary walls are only once cell thick Diffusion

9 Section 1 Veins After blood moves through capillaries, it enters larger blood vessels called veins, which carry blood back to the heart. The walls of veins, like those of arteries, have three layers, with muscle in the middle layer How do skeletal muscles help move blood in veins?

10 Section 1 Blood pressure What causes blood pressure
Measuring blood pressure

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