# Atomic Number and Mass Number Isotopes

## Presentation on theme: "Atomic Number and Mass Number Isotopes"— Presentation transcript:

Atomic Number and Mass Number Isotopes
The Atom Atomic Number and Mass Number Isotopes LecturePLUS Timberlake

Atomic Theory Atoms are building blocks of elements
Similar atoms in each element Different from atoms of other elements Two or more different atoms bond in simple ratios to form compounds

Subatomic Particles Particle Symbol Charge Relative Mass
Electron e Proton p Neutron n

Location of Subatomic Particles
10-13 cm electrons protons neutrons 10-8 cm nucleus

Atomic Number Counts the number of protons in an atom

Periodic Table Represents physical and chemical behavior of elements
Arranges elements by increasing atomic number Repeats similar properties in columns known as chemical families or groups

Periodic Table 11 Na

Atomic Number on the Periodic Table
11 Na Atomic Number Symbol

All atoms of an element have the same number of protons
11 Na 11 protons Sodium

Learning Check #1 State the number of protons for atoms of each of the following: A. Nitrogen 1) 5 protons 2) 7 protons 3) 14 protons B. Sulfur 1) 32 protons 2) 16 protons 3) 6 protons C. Barium 1) 137 protons 2) 81 protons 3) 56 protons

Number of Electrons An atom is neutral The net charge is zero
Number of protons = Number of electrons Atomic number = Number of electrons

Mass Number Counts the number of protons and neutrons in an atom

Atomic Symbols Na atomic number 11
Show the mass number and atomic number Give the symbol of the element mass number sodium-23 atomic number 11 Na

16 31 65 8 15 30 More Atomic Symbols O P Zn 8 p+ 15 p+ 30 p+
O P Zn 8 p p+ 30 p+ 8 n 16 n 35 n 8 e e e-

Isotopes Atoms with the same number of protons, but different numbers of neutrons. Atoms of the same element (same atomic number) with different mass numbers Isotopes of chlorine chlorine chlorine - 37 Cl Cl

Learning Check #2 Naturally occurring carbon consists of three isotopes, 12C, 13C, and 14C. State the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in each of these carbon atoms. #P _______ _______ _______ #N _______ _______ _______ #E _______ _______ _______ C C C 6 6 6 6 7 8 6 6 6

Solution #2 6 6 6 12C 13C 14C #P __6___ _ 6___ ___6___
#P __6___ _ 6___ ___6___ #N __6___ _ _7___ ___8___ #E __6___ _ 6___ ___6___

Learning Check #3 An atom of zinc has a mass number of 65.
A. Number of protons in the zinc atom 1) ) ) 65 B. Number of neutrons in the zinc atom C. What is the mass number of a zinc isotope with 37 neutrons? 1) ) ) 67

Learning Check #4 Write the atomic symbols for atoms with the following: A. 8 p+, 8 n, 8 e- ___________ B. 17p+, 20n, 17e- ___________ C. 47p+, 60 n, 47 e- ___________ O 16 8 Cl 37 17 Ag 107 47

Learning Check #5 16 14 14 An atom has 14 protons and 20 neutrons.
A. Its atomic number is 1) ) ) 34 B. Its mass number is C. The element is 1) Si 2) Ca 3) Se D. Another isotope of this element is 1) ) ) 36 X X X

Masses of Atoms A scale designed for atoms gives their small atomic masses in atomic mass units (amu) An atom of 12C was assigned an exact mass of amu Relative masses of all other atoms was determined by comparing each to the mass of 12C An atom twice as heavy has a mass of amu. An atom half as heavy is 6.00 amu.

Na 22.99 Atomic Mass Listed on the periodic table
Gives the mass of “average” atom of each element compared to 12C Average atom based on all the isotopes and their abundance % Atomic mass is not a whole number