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South, Southeast, and East Asia. Physical Characteristics Mountains influence the region Mountains influence the region population settlement patterns.

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Presentation on theme: "South, Southeast, and East Asia. Physical Characteristics Mountains influence the region Mountains influence the region population settlement patterns."— Presentation transcript:

1 South, Southeast, and East Asia

2 Physical Characteristics Mountains influence the region Mountains influence the region population settlement patterns population settlement patterns ability of people to move ability of people to move climate climate

3 Mountains Mountains Himalayas Himalayas Western and Eastern Ghats Western and Eastern Ghats Mount Fuji-Japan Mount Fuji-Japan

4 Varied climate regions--ranging from tropical wet to humid continental Varied climate regions--ranging from tropical wet to humid continental Many natural hazards-- monsoons, typhoons, volcanoes, and earthquakes Many natural hazards-- monsoons, typhoons, volcanoes, and earthquakes

5 Monsoon--a seasonal shift in the prevailing winds that influences large climate regions Monsoon--a seasonal shift in the prevailing winds that influences large climate regions Typhoon--a destructive tropical storm occurring in the western Pacific Ocean or the China Sea, similar to a hurricane Typhoon--a destructive tropical storm occurring in the western Pacific Ocean or the China Sea, similar to a hurricane

6 Influence of water--(rivers, seas, and ocean currents) on agriculture, trade, and transportation Influence of water--(rivers, seas, and ocean currents) on agriculture, trade, and transportation

7 Important bodies of water-- Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, Ganges River, Indus River, Brahmaputra River, Pacific Ocean, Yangtze River (Chaing Jiang), Mekong River, Yellow River (Huang He) Important bodies of water-- Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal, Ganges River, Indus River, Brahmaputra River, Pacific Ocean, Yangtze River (Chaing Jiang), Mekong River, Yellow River (Huang He)

8 Area have abundant arable land Area have abundant arable land areas of loess areas of loess Plateau of Tibet hard to live on Plateau of Tibet hard to live on Gobi Desert--second largest in the world Gobi Desert--second largest in the world

9 Economic Characteristics Varied economies in the region ranging from subsistence/commercial agriculture to high-tech industrial manufacturing Varied economies in the region ranging from subsistence/commercial agriculture to high-tech industrial manufacturing Active participation in global markets Active participation in global markets

10 Many newly industrialized countries--South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore Many newly industrialized countries--South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore Japan is the economic leader of the area Japan is the economic leader of the area China is in a transition period-- from a centrally planned economy to more of a tradition free market economy China is in a transition period-- from a centrally planned economy to more of a tradition free market economy

11 Agricultural advancements and technology are enabling greater food production-- Green Revolution Agricultural advancements and technology are enabling greater food production-- Green Revolution Environmental degradation Environmental degradation deforestation deforestation fishing is important fishing is important

12 Many countries are members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) which was set up with the US Many countries are members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) which was set up with the US main crops are rice and tropical crops such as bananas main crops are rice and tropical crops such as bananas

13 Cultural Characteristics Areas of extremely dense and sparse population Areas of extremely dense and sparse population severe contrast between rural and urban areas severe contrast between rural and urban areas serious religious conflicts-- primarily between Hindus and Muslims serious religious conflicts-- primarily between Hindus and Muslims

14 deep respect for ancestors deep respect for ancestors Religious diversity-- Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Shinto, Confucianism are the major religions Religious diversity-- Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Shinto, Confucianism are the major religions

15 India has a strict caste system--(similar to a class structure) once born into a caste it is next to impossible to move out of that caste India has a strict caste system--(similar to a class structure) once born into a caste it is next to impossible to move out of that caste

16 Cultural heritage Cultural heritage Silks Silks Batik Batik wood and ivory carving wood and ivory carving ideograms--unique alphabets ideograms--unique alphabets jewels jewels

17 Important cities--Tokyo, Japan; Beijing, China; New Delhi,India Important cities--Tokyo, Japan; Beijing, China; New Delhi,India

18 Cultural landscape--Taj Mahal, Angkor Wat, Great Wall of China, floating markets, mosques,minarets, pagodas, temples and shrines, terraced rice fields Cultural landscape--Taj Mahal, Angkor Wat, Great Wall of China, floating markets, mosques,minarets, pagodas, temples and shrines, terraced rice fields

19 Angkor Wat

20

21 Great Wall of China

22 Taj Mahal

23

24 Batik

25 Himalayas

26 Mount Fuji

27 Mount Fujioutside of Tokyo

28 Mt. Fuji

29 HimalayasMt. Everest

30 Gobi Desert

31 Buddha

32 Buddha in New Delhi

33 Shinto Shrine

34 Temple

35 Pagoda

36 Pagoda

37 Temple


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