Presentation on theme: "Long Term Care Provider Associations Meeting Sharon White CMS – Region V August 22, 2007 F314 – Pressure Ulcers."— Presentation transcript:
Long Term Care Provider Associations Meeting Sharon White CMS – Region V August 22, 2007 F314 – Pressure Ulcers
F (c) Pressure Sores - Regulatory Requirement: Based on the comprehensive Assessment of a resident, the facility must ensure that- 1) A resident who enters the facility without pressure sores does not develop pressure sores unless the individuals clinical condition demonstrates that they were unavoidable; and 2) A resident having pressure sores receives necessary treatment and services to promote healing, prevent infection and prevent new sores from developing.
Reasons to Prevent Pressure Ulcers Increased morbidity and mortality Increased infection rates Debilitation Pain Increased cost Additional medications Increased staff time to provide appropriate care necessary to heal the ulcer
So whats being done? National initiatives Advancing Excellence Campaign National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel GPRA Individual facility efforts CMS Regional and State Survey Agency efforts
Provider Responsibility for Providing Adequate Care Commitment to high quality pressure ulcer management that permeates all aspects of the facilitys operation Instituting a prevention program based on accepted clinical guidelines for at risk residents Use of Quality Measures to develop and implement systems for pressure ulcer reduction
Provider Responsibility for Providing Adequate Care Thorough knowledge of the federal requirements in order to comply with the regulations and ultimately to provide for the health and safety of residents Understanding of the survey process in helping providers evaluate the quality of care delivered and target quality improvement efforts
Role of RO V and the SSA in the Reduction of Pressure Ulcers Investigate and evaluate the systems and processes for prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers in certified facilities Consistent and strict enforcement of CMS policies and regulations
An Effective System would include: Prevention Assessment Identification Intervention Monitoring Evaluation Treatment Ownership
Assessment Skin assessments are the first line of defense to prevent pressure ulcers from developing and to ensure effective treatment It is important for clinical staff to regularly conduct thorough skin assessments on each resident who is at risk for developing pressure ulcers
Assessment A comprehensive assessment should address factors that have been identified as having an impact on the development, treatment and/or healing of pressure ulcers, which include: Risk factors Pressure points Nutrition Hydration Skin moisture, and Impact of moisture on skin
Assessment A comprehensive assessment should include an evaluation of the skin integrity and tissue tolerance after pressure to the skin has been reduced or redistributed
Deficiency Determination in the Absence of Pressure Ulcers A facility may have non-compliance with F314 without actual development of pressure ulcers by failing to: Accurately or consistently assess a residents skin integrity Identify a resident at risk of developing a pressure ulcer Identify and address risk factors
Deficiency Determination in the Absence of Pressure Ulcers Implement preventive interventions in accordance with the residents need and current standards of practice Provide clinical justification for the unavoidable development or non- healing/delayed healing or deterioration of a pressure ulcer Implement appropriate interventions for existing wounds to minimize infection and promote healing
Deficiency Determination in the Absence of Pressure Ulcers Notify the physician of the residents condition or changes in the residents wound Adequately implement pertinent infection management practices in relation to wound care Identify and/or know how to apply relevant policies and procedures for pressure ulcer prevention and treatment
Deficiency Determination – Avoidable vs. Unavoidable Was preventive care -aggressive? -consistent? -appropriate? -resident specific? If not, the development of a pressure ulcer may have been avoidable.
Clarification - Avoidable vs. Unavoidable The presence of any one, or even several, risk factors or conditions does NOT make a pressure ulcer Unavoidable
Scope and Severity Level 4 Stage IV (development or non-healing) Stage III (infected locally/systemically) Extensive failure in multiple areas of care Level 3 Stage III Recurrent or multiple Stage IIs Facility failure to consistently implement care plan -> increase size, failure to heal, untreated pain
Scope and Severity Level 2 Stage I Stage II receiving appropriate treatment Failure to implement portion of care plan independent of healing Level 1 – Eliminated
Region Vs Plan Standard surveys: Federal and state surveyors review QM/QI Reports and CMS- 672 with the facility to ensure that pressure ulcers have been reported accurately FOSS surveys: Federal surveyors pay strict attention to how well SA surveyors evaluate the nursing homes performance as it relates to pressure ulcers. When identified as a concern, specific mention will be recorded in Measures 1,2,3 and 6 of the FOSS report.
Region Vs Plan Beginning calendar year 2007, Region V is warning facilities with non-compliance at F314, S/S level F or higher, that continuing non-compliance will result in the imposition of more severe remedies. Future cycles of non-compliance will result in the imposition of more robust and possibly more diverse remedies
Region Vs Plan - More severe remedies include: Optional Denial of Payment, higher Civil Money Penalty amounts, Directed Inservice Training, Discretionary Termination Each case will be evaluated independently to determine which remedies will be most effective in promoting prompt and permanent correction of the deficiencies