Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics"— Presentation transcript:
1Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics Chapter 1: Fitness and Wellness for AllLesson 1.1: Fitness for Life Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics
2Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life Lesson Objectives:Define physical fitness, health, and wellness.Describe some of the benefits of fitness, health, and wellness.
3Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat is meant by the term physical fitness?
4Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerPhysical fitness is the ability of the body systems to work together efficiently to enhance health and improve performance.
5Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerSome of the systems that work together aremuscles,heart and cardiovascular system,respiratory system,skeletal system, andnervous system.
6Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhy is it important for people to be physically fit?
7Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerPhysical fitness canlower the risk of diseases,improve the quality of life,lower the risk of injury,improve sport performance,improve work efficiency, andhelp you have energy to enjoy leisure.
8Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat does it mean to be healthy?
9Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerIf you are healthyyou are free from illnesses,you have good wellness,you have good physical fitness, andyou have other indications of health that a doctor can measure, such as healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
10Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat lifestyles lead to good health and wellness?
11Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerLifestyles that lead to good health includebeing physically active on a regular basis,eating well,coping with stress,using good personal health practices, andavoiding destructive habits.
12Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat does the term wellness mean?
13Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerWellnessis the positive component of good health.means having a good quality of life.means having a sense of well-being.includes several components, including:social wellness: being involvedphysical wellness: being physically fitintellectual wellness: being well informedemotional wellness: being happyspiritual wellness: being fulfilled
14Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat is meant by the term physical activity?
15Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerPhysical activity is movement using the larger muscles of the body. It includessports and games,dance,recreational activities,exercises (flexibility, muscle fitness, etc.),aerobic activities, andother large muscle movements.
16Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat types of jobs and careers feature a high physical activity component?
17Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerCareers inoutdoor recreation,trades such as building, roofing, or gardening,military, police work, fire department, andprofessional sports.
18Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat types of jobs and careers do not require much physical activity?
19Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerCareers inoffice work,computer jobs,hair styling,dentistry,library science,some types of teaching, andother white-collar jobs.
20Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionHow can a person increase the amount of physical activity he/she may get in a day?
21Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerA person increases the amount of physical activity he/she may get in a day byplanning scheduled exercise sessions,adopting a physically active way of getting to or from work, anddoing other daily lifestyle activity (yard work, gardening).
22Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionHow can we tell who the most physically active people in this class might be?
23Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerThe most physically active people in this class probablydo many in-school activities:physical educationsports teamsintramuralsdo many out-of-school activities:community sportsactive worklifestyle or recreational activity
24Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat are the health benefits from being physically active and physically fit?
25Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerPeople who are physically fit havelower risk of cardiovascular diseases,lower risk of Type II diabetes,lower risk of osteoporosis,less likelihood of being overweight,less likelihood of smoking cigarettes, andlower risk of back problems.
26Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life QuestionWhat are other benefits of being physically active and physically fit?
27Lesson 1.1: Fitness for Life AnswerFit people cancope well with stressful or emergency situations,participate in sports and outdoor recreational activities,function better as they grow older, andlead physically active and happy lives.
28Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics There are two objectives:to learn how to do warm-up and cool-down exercises, andto learn how to count heart rate.Consult your workbook and follow the guidelines for self-assessment in this chapter.
29Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics QuestionDescribe the five warm-up exercises. What is the purpose of each?
30Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics AnswerSome warm-up exercises areheart warm-up (jogging, walking),side stretch (abdominal, side muscles),knee-to-chest stretch (low back, buttocks),back and hip stretch (back and hip), andtwo-leg calf stretch (calf).(See text for photos, pages 7-9.)
31Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics QuestionDescribe the two methods of counting heart rate (pulse). What are some good rules to follow for counting resting heart rate?
32Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics AnswerThe two methods of counting heart rate (pulse) are:1. carotid (neck pulse)2. radial (wrist pulse)
33Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics AnswerSome good rules to follow for counting resting heart rate arecount early in morning, anddetermine one-minute resting rate, using15 sec x 4, 10 sec x 6, 6 sec x 10.
34Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics QuestionWhat are some good rules to follow for counting exercise heart rate?
35Self-Assessment 1: Exercise Basics AnswerSome good rules to follow for counting exercise heart rate arelocate pulse quickly,do typical exercise before count, andchoose a short count (e.g., 15 sec x 4) because long counts allow heart rate to slow down.