Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1: Fitness and Wellness for All. Students will be able to: Define physical fitness, health, and wellness Describe some of the benefits of fitness,"— Presentation transcript:
Students will be able to: Define physical fitness, health, and wellness Describe some of the benefits of fitness, health, and wellness Name and describe the five parts of health-related fitness Name and describe the six parts of skill-related physical fitness Explain how to use the Stairway to Lifetime Fitness Vocabulary Words Exercisehealthphysical activity physical fitness Wellnessagility balance body fatness Coordination flexibilityhypokinetic conditions power Reaction timespeedhealth related physical fitness strength Muscular enduranceskill related physical fitness Cardiovascular fitness
Physical fitness- the ability of your body systems to work together efficiently to allow you to be healthy and effectively perform activities of daily living. So what are some specific benefits of regular physical activity? Health- in the beginning the experts defined this as the absence of disease but now they focus on the prevention of disease and illness. Wellness- which is the state of being that enables you to reach your fullest potential. This includes intellectual, social, emotional, physical, and spiritual aspects. Physical activity- movement using the large muscles of the body. This may include sports, dance, and activities done at home or work, such as climbing stairs or mowing the lawn. Exercise- is when physical activity is done with the purpose of getting fit.
Physical fitness made up of 11 different parts: 5 parts health related physical fitness and 6 parts are skill related. Health related fitness helps you to stay healthy Skill related fitness helps you to perform well in sports and activities that require certain skills. Health related fitness components Cardiovascular fitness-the ability to exercise your entire body for long periods of time without stopping. Requires a strong heart, healthy lungs, and clear blood vessels to supply the cells of your body with oxygen as needed Strength- the amount of force your muscles can produce. Strength is often measured by how much weight you can lift or how much resistance you can overcome. The ability to perform difficult tasks efficiently, with the least amount of effort. Muscular endurance- the ability to use your muscles many times without tiring. Flexibility- the ability to use your joints fully through a wide range of motion. People with good flexibility have fewer sore and injured muscles. Body fatness- the percentage of body weight that is made up of fat compared to other body tissues
How much body fat do you think you have? Hypokinetic conditions- health problems caused by lack of physical activity. (i.e. high blood pressure, colon cancer, diabetes, heart disease, etc.) Skill related physical fitness Agility-the ability to change the position of your body quickly and to control your body’s movements. Wrestling, diving, soccer, and ice skating. Balance-is the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving. Gymnastics and ice skating. Coordination- is the ability to use your senses together with your body parts or to use two or more body parts together. Baseball, softball, tennis, and golf. Power- the ability to use strength quickly. It involves both strength and speed. Shot put, discus, high jump, football, and speed swim. Reaction time- the amount of time it takes to move once you realize the need to act. Good reaction times are necessary for your own safety while driving or walking Speed-the ability to perform a movement or cover a distance in a short period of time.
Step 1: Doing physical activity Step 2: Getting fit- Means learning to become responsible for your own physical fitness Step 3: Self assessment. Know your own fitness level Step 4: Self planning. Using your own fitness profile to plan your own fitness and activity program. Step 5: Lifetime Activity. You have now learned why activity is important, what your needs are, and how to plan for a lifetime. Step 6: Lifetime fitness. You have taken responsibility for your own fitness, moved from the dependence of others, and you will be able to use the skills you have learned to reevaluate you fitness your needs and adjust fitness program as needed to maintain your fitness
Complete Activity 2 on pages 17-20 with a partner. Record your results. Results must be turned in for each person by the end of the period.