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What is Regional Haze? July 1, 1999 – EPA promulgated Regional Haze Regulations Regional haze is visibility impairment caused by the cumulative air pollutant.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Regional Haze? July 1, 1999 – EPA promulgated Regional Haze Regulations Regional haze is visibility impairment caused by the cumulative air pollutant."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What is Regional Haze? July 1, 1999 – EPA promulgated Regional Haze Regulations Regional haze is visibility impairment caused by the cumulative air pollutant emissions from numerous sources over a wide geographic area. The ultimate goal of the Regional Haze Program is to return the nations Class I areas to natural visibility conditions by The program intends to remedy existing and prevent future human- caused impairment of visibility in mandatory Federal Class I areas. The program addresses aesthetics rather than health concerns 1

3 Wichita Mountains Wilderness Area Oklahomas only Class I Area Located in Comanche County near Ft. Sill Military Reservation Contained within Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge Consists of North Mountain and Charons Garden Wilderness Areas 2

4 Regional Haze Terminology BART –Best Available Retrofit Technology Deciview (dv) - The unit of measurement of haze URP – Uniform Rate of Progress Glide path – Haze versus date plot of 2002 baseline conditions and 2064 natural conditions which is used to establish URP RPO – Regional Planning Organization. CENRAP - Central Regional Air Planning Association RPG - Reasonable Progress Goal SIP – State Implementation Plan AOI – Area of Influence 3

5 Uniform Rate of Reasonable Progress Glide Path Wichita Mountains – 20% Worst Days Environ/UCR CENRAP Modeling Results, June 6, 2007 Baseline Conditions URP Goal Natural Conditions Need 3.79 dv reduction to achieve 2018 URP Goal ( ). Projected to achieve 2.34 dv reduction ( ) or 62% of Goal. 4

6 Natural Haze Levels II From the Visibility Information Exchange Web System 5

7 2004 Worst 20% dv 6

8 Species Contributions to Haze 7

9 Species Glide Slopes 8

10 Environ/UCR CENRAP PSAT Viz tool July 2007 Source of Visibility-Related Pollutants Effecting Wichita Mountains Class 1 Area Modeled Contributions by Region 9

11 Particulate Source Apportionment for Wichita Mountains Projected Extinction Coefficient on Worst 20% Days in 2002 [Total= 92.12/Mm] 10

12 Particulate Source Apportionment for Wichita Mountains Projected Extinction Coefficient on Worst 20% Days in 2018 [Total= 72.01/Mm] 11

13 Contributions by State: 2002 Environ/UCR CENRAP PSAT Viz tool 27,April,

14 Contributions by State: 2018 Environ/UCR CENRAP PSAT Viz tool 27,April,

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17 NOx Sources in AOI-1 (2018) IDStateCountyPlant NameIndustrial Code Description 687IowaWoodbury MIDAMERICAN ENERGY CO. - GEORGE NEAL SOU Electric Services 1510IowaWoodbury MIDAMERICAN ENERGY CO. - GEORGE NEAL NOR Electric Services 7700IowaPottawattamieMIDAMERICAN ENERGY CO. - COUNCIL BLUFFSElectric Services 9347KansasDouglasWESTAR ENERGY, INC.Electric Services 9363KansasPottawatomieWESTAR ENERGY, INC.Electric Services 11851KansasFinneySUNFLOWER ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATIONElectric Services 7691NebraskaDouglas OMAHA PUBLIC POWER DISTRICT - NORTH OMAH Electric Services 7743NebraskaOtoeOPPD NEBRASKA CITY STATIONElectric Services 12841NebraskaLancasterNPPD Sheldon StationElectric Services 739OklahomaCaddoPUBLIC SVC CO OF OKElectric Services 9379OklahomaNobleOG&EElectric Services 581TexasGrayPAMPA PLANTCarbon Black 7707TexasWilbargerOKLAUNION POWER STATIONElectric Services 9353TexasWichitaWORKS NO 4Flat Glass 11819TexasGrayCHEMICAL MANUFACTURINGIndustrial Organic Chemicals, NEC 16

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19 SO 2 Sources in AOI-1 (2018) IDStateCountyPlant NameIndustrial Code Description 415ArkansasBentonSWEPCO-FLINT CREEK POWER PLANTElectric Services 421Arkansas Independenc e ENTERGY ARK-INDEPENDENCEElectric Services 423Arkansas Independenc e EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY-ARK EASTMAN DIV Industrial Organic Chemicals, NEC 526ArkansasJeffersonENTERGY ARK-WHITE BLUFFElectric Services 198IowaLouisaMIDAMERICAN ENERGY CO. - LOUISA STATIONElectric Services 417IowaDes MoinesIPL - BURLINGTON GENERATING STATIONElectric Services 75Louisiana Pointe Coupee LA GENERATING LLC/BIG CAJUN 2 PWR PLNTElectric Services 519Louisiana E Baton Rouge RHODIA INC/BR FACIndustrial Organic Chemicals, NEC 68MissouriRandolphASSOCIATED ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE INC-THOMElectric Services 191MissouriJasperEMPIRE DISTRICT ELECTRIC CO-ASBURY PLANTElectric Services 371MissouriNew MadridASSOCIATED ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE INC-NEWElectric Services 402MissouriSt. LouisAMERENUE-MERAMEC PLANTElectric Services 426MissouriJeffersonDOE RUN COMPANY-HERCULANEUM SMELTER Primary Smelting and Refining of Nonferrous Metals, Except Copper 527MissouriJeffersonAMERENUE-RUSH ISLAND PLANTElectric Services 595MissouriHenryKANSAS CITY POWER & LIGHT CO-MONTROSE GEElectric Services 612MissouriFranklinAMERENUE-LABADIE PLANTElectric Services 2OklahomaTulsaSINCLAIR OIL CORPPetroleum Refining 3OklahomaPontotocHOLCIM US INCCement, Hydraulic 6OklahomaChoctawWESTERN FARMERS ELEC COOPElectric Services 18

20 SO 2 Sources in AOI-1 (2018) IDStateCountyPlant NameIndustrial Code Description 379 Oklahom a RogersPUBLIC SVC CO OF OKElectric Services 406 Oklahom a MayesGRAND RIVER DAM AUTHElectric Services 416 Oklahom a MuskogeeOG&EElectric Services 597 Oklahom a GarfieldGREAT LAKES CARBON CORPProducts of Petroleum and Coal, NEC 7TexasNavarroSTREETMAN PLANT Minerals and Earths, Ground or Otherwise Treated 403TexasHopkinsCOMO PLTNatural Gas Liquids 405TexasBexarSOMMERS DEELY SPRUCE PWRElectric Services 418TexasTitusWELSH POWER PLANTElectric Services 524TexasFreestoneBIG BROWNElectric Services 580TexasHarrisHOUSTON PLANTIndustrial Inorganic Chemicals, NEC 592TexasGoliadCOLETO CREEK PLANTElectric Services 594TexasHarrisDEER PARK PLANTPetroleum Refining 613TexasTitusMONTICELLO STM ELE STNElectric Services SO 2 continued: 19

21 Best Available Retrofit Technology (BART) Source Oklahoma has identified 6 BART-affected sources Source Submittal OG&E Seminole 3/30/2007 OG&E Sooner 3/30/2007 OG&E Muskogee 3/30/2007 PSO Comanche Power 3/30/2007 PSO Northeast 3/30/2007 PSO Southwestern 3/30/

22 Important Dates SIP Submittal Deadline: December 17, 2007 Oklahoma BART rules became effective October 6, 2006 BART Controls Required to be Enacted 5 Years After SIP Approval by EPA Regional Haze 21

23 Consultation Process Prior to SIP submittal, the DEQ will 1. Hold Consultations with Oklahoma Tribes, Federal Land Managers, and Contributing States 2. Submit Plan to Federal Land Managers 60 days prior to any public hearing 22

24 Other Stakeholders Other stakeholders such as industry will not be participants in the consultations. Minutes of the consultations and other support documents will be posted on the AQD and CENRAP websites. Industry and members of the public may comment on the draft SIP. 23

25 States in Consultation on WIMO Arkansas Iowa Kansas Louisiana Minnesota Missouri Nebraska Texas 24

26 Reasonable Progress Goals Provide for an improvement in visibility for the most impaired (i.e. 20%) days over the period of the implementation plan. Ensure no degradation in visibility for least impaired (20% best) days over same period. Glide path is not a presumptive target. 25

27 Reasonable Progress Goals States may establish RPG that provides for greater, lesser, or equivalent visibility improvement as described by the glide path. SIP will include four-factor analysis to justify RPG (continued) 26

28 Four Factors for Analyses Costs of compliance Time necessary for compliance Energy & non-air quality environmental impacts of compliance Remaining useful life of existing sources that contribute to visibility impairment. 27

29 Future Consultation Dates August 16 – 10 am August 30 – 10 am September 13 – 10 am Via phone conferences 28

30 Access Regional Haze Documents: Or contact: Cheryl Bradley, Environmental Programs Manager (405)


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