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# Glencoe Physical Science C15S2 Holt McDougal Physical Science C2S2

## Presentation on theme: "Glencoe Physical Science C15S2 Holt McDougal Physical Science C2S2"— Presentation transcript:

Glencoe Physical Science C15S2 Holt McDougal Physical Science C2S2
Properties of Matter Glencoe Physical Science C15S2 Holt McDougal Physical Science C2S2

NGSS Florida Standard SC912P8.2
Differentiate between physical and chemical properties and physical and chemical changes of matter

What are Physical Properties?
Physical property = characteristic that can be observed without changing the identity of the substance. Properties of an object are determined by the properties of the materials the object is made of

Measurable properties
Strength Hardness Magnetism Ability to conduct heat Ability to conduct electricity

Which Physical Properties Depend on Amount
Mass Volume Area

Which Physical Properties Do Not Depend on Amount
State of matter Melting point Boiling point Density

About Melting Point and Boiling Point
State = the physical form of a substance Melting Point = temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid Boiling Point = temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas

Density The amount of matter in a certain volume of a substance
Density = mass/volume On your whiteboard, calculate the density for a 10.0cm3 of ice that has a mass of 9.17kg.

How would you answer? What determines the properties of an object?
What are two physical properties of an object that depend on the amount of material you have? What is a state? What is the density of 10kg mass of water? How would you rearrange the density equation to show how to find the mass of a substance if you know the volume and density? If a piece of metal has a density of 11.3g/cm3 and a volume of 6.7 cm3, what is the mass of the metal?

Density vs. Weight Weight = exertion of gravity upon matter; linear measurement Density = concentration of mass in a given volume; derived measurement

What Are Chemical Properties?
Chemical property = how a substance changes into a new substance Not as easy to observe as physical properties Substances combine or break apart

Examples of Chemical Properties
Flammability = the ability to burn Nonflammability = the inability to burn Reactivity = ability of a substance to react with another substance

More About Reactivity Reactive elements are usually found as compounds
Less-reactive elements are more likely to be uncombined.

Which type property is it?
Material or object Observation Physical or chemical property? Chalk Forms bubbles when put into vinegar Ice cream Melts in the sun Tin Bend easily Paper Burns quickly Liquid water Evaporates Car door Starts to rust Helium balloon Floats in air

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