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Notes: Periodic Table Organization. A ____________ is a horizontal row in the periodic table. A ____________ is a horizontal row in the periodic table.

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Presentation on theme: "Notes: Periodic Table Organization. A ____________ is a horizontal row in the periodic table. A ____________ is a horizontal row in the periodic table."— Presentation transcript:

1 Notes: Periodic Table Organization

2 A ____________ is a horizontal row in the periodic table. A ____________ is a horizontal row in the periodic table. There are ______ periods in the periodic table. There are ______ periods in the periodic table. Elements are arranged in _____________ number order in periods. Elements are arranged in _____________ number order in periods. Period 7 atomic

3 Notes: Periodic Table Organization A vertical column in the periodic table is called a ________ (which is given a name) or a ____________ which is given a number. A vertical column in the periodic table is called a ________ (which is given a name) or a ____________ which is given a number. family group

4 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Elements in the same family have similar chemical _____________ because they have the same number of ___________ in their highest energy levels. Elements in the same family have similar chemical _____________ because they have the same number of ___________ in their highest energy levels. The ____________ properties of elements gradually change as you go across a period in the periodic The ____________ properties of elements gradually change as you go across a period in the periodic table. table. properties electrons chemical

5 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Group 1 in the periodic table is called the _______ family. Group 1 in the periodic table is called the _______ family. All elements in group 1 have ____ electron in their highest energy level and have properties of very strong _________. All elements in group 1 have ____ electron in their highest energy level and have properties of very strong _________. alkali 1 metals

6 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Group 2 in the periodic table is called the ______________ family. Group 2 in the periodic table is called the ______________ family. All elements in group 2 have ___ electrons in their highest energy level and also have properties of strong ______. All elements in group 2 have ___ electrons in their highest energy level and also have properties of strong ______. alkaline earth 2 metals

7 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Elements in groups 1 and 2 have ______ orbital electrons being added to them. Elements in groups 1 and 2 have ______ orbital electrons being added to them. Elements in groups 3 through 12 are called _________ elements; most of them have __ electrons in their highest energy level and have properties of Elements in groups 3 through 12 are called _________ elements; most of them have __ electrons in their highest energy level and have properties of _________. _________. transition2 metals s

8 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Elements in groups 3 through 12 have _____orbital electrons being added to them. Elements in groups 3 through 12 have _____orbital electrons being added to them. Elements in groups 13 through 18 have _____ orbital electrons being added to them. Elements in groups 13 through 18 have _____ orbital electrons being added to them. d p

9 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Elements in group 17 are called __________ and they have ____ electrons in their highest energy levels. Elements in group 17 are called __________ and they have ____ electrons in their highest energy levels. Elements in group17 have very strong __________ properties. Elements in group17 have very strong __________ properties. halogens7 nonmetal

10 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Elements in group 18 are called ______________ gases. Elements in group 18 are called ______________ gases. Elements in group 18 have ____ electron(s) in their highest energy levels and so they do not form ______________________ with other elements. Elements in group 18 have ____ electron(s) in their highest energy levels and so they do not form ______________________ with other elements. noble (or inert) 8 Compounds (orbonds)

11 Notes: Periodic Table Organization ____________ is an element with unique properties and doesnt fit very well into any one family because it has only ____ electron in its highest energy level but only needs _____ electron to fill its highest energy level. ____________ is an element with unique properties and doesnt fit very well into any one family because it has only ____ electron in its highest energy level but only needs _____ electron to fill its highest energy level. Hydrogen 1 1

12 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Elements located along the zigzag line in the periodic table are called ___________; Elements located along the zigzag line in the periodic table are called ___________; they have some properties of __________ and some properties of _____________. they have some properties of __________ and some properties of _____________. metalloids metals nonmetals

13 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Metals: on _______ side of periodic table Metals: on _______ side of periodic table Lose electrons to form _________ ions or ____________ Lose electrons to form _________ ions or ____________ Properties: Properties: left positive cations Conduct electricity and heat Malleable and ductile React with acids Luster

14 Notes: Periodic Table Organization Nonmetals: on ______ side of periodic table Nonmetals: on ______ side of periodic table Gain electrons to form _________ ions or _______ Gain electrons to form _________ ions or _______ Properties: Properties: right negative anions Dull Dont conduct heat or electricity Brittle Dont react with acids


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