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SI Units OK, I really meant measuring things using the metric system. Used all over the world except the US OK, I really meant measuring things using the metric system. Used all over the world except the US Système International dUnités

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SI Basics Le Systeme international d'Unites officially came into being in October 1960 and has been officially recognized and adopted by nearly all countries. It is based upon 7 principal units: Le Systeme international d'Unites officially came into being in October 1960 and has been officially recognized and adopted by nearly all countries. It is based upon 7 principal units: Type – Unit – Abbreviation Type – Unit – Abbreviation Length - metre - m Length - metre - m Mass - kilogram - kg Mass - kilogram - kg Time - second - s Time - second - s Electric current - ampere - A Electric current - ampere - A Temperature - kelvin - K Temperature - kelvin - K Amount of substance - mole - mol Amount of substance - mole - mol Luminous intensity - candela - cd Luminous intensity - candela - cd

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But Where did it all come from? They felt that it had to be based in real things scientists and others could relate to – things like Water, the Earth, candles, and things getting hotter. They felt that it had to be based in real things scientists and others could relate to – things like Water, the Earth, candles, and things getting hotter. Believe it or not – SI tries to keep it simple. Believe it or not – SI tries to keep it simple. And all based in Powers of Ten. (video) (http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/powersof10/ ) And all based in Powers of Ten. (video) (http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/powersof10/ )http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/powersof10/

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Its all about Water – H 2 O & the Size of the Earth It all started with figuring out the distance between the equator and the North Pole, then dividing that by 10,000,000! That became a meter. It all started with figuring out the distance between the equator and the North Pole, then dividing that by 10,000,000! That became a meter. –OK – it was supposed to be a meter, later they obtained better measurements of the Earths size, and instead of changing the Meter, just made the it a standard size. –A meter is also a convenient size for human measurement.

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Length to Volume & Mass Once you had a Metre, you could subdivide that into 10 units – decimeters. Once you had a Metre, you could subdivide that into 10 units – decimeters. You could cube that to make a cubic decimeter, also called a Liter. You could cube that to make a cubic decimeter, also called a Liter. Fill a Liter with water and its mass is 1 Kilogram. Fill a Liter with water and its mass is 1 Kilogram.

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Meter or Metre OK – the official unit is the Metre – and that goes back to the French. OK – the official unit is the Metre – and that goes back to the French. We usually call it a Meter – the English version We usually call it a Meter – the English version

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The Basics - again metre [m] metre [m] –The metre is the basic unit of length. It is the distance light travels, in a vacuum, in 1/ th of a second. kilogram [kg] kilogram [kg] –The kilogram is the basic unit of mass. It is the mass of an international prototype in the form of a platinum-iridium cylinder kept at Sevres in France. It is now the only basic unit still defined in terms of a material object, and also the only one with a prefix[kilo] already in place. second [s] second [s] –The second is the basic unit of time. It is the length of time taken for periods of vibration of the caesium-133 atom to occur. ampere [A] ampere [A] –The ampere is the basic unit of electric current. It is that current which produces a specified force between two parallel wires which are 1 metre apart in a vacuum.It is named after the French physicist Andre Ampere ( ). kelvin [K] kelvin [K] –The kelvin is the basic unit of temperature. It is 1/273.16th of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. It is named after the Scottish mathematician and physicist William Thomson 1st Lord Kelvin ( ). mole [mol] mole [mol] –The mole is the basic unit of substance. It is the amount of substance that contains as many elementary units as there are atoms in kg of carbon-12. candela [cd] candela [cd] –The candela is the basic unit of luminous intensity. It is the intensity of a source of light of a specified frequency, which gives a specified amount of power in a given direction.

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Prefixes yotta[Y] = 10^24 yotta[Y] = 10^24 zetta[Z] = 10^21 zetta[Z] = 10^21 exa [E] = 10^18 exa [E] = 10^18 peta [P] = 10^15 peta [P] = 10^15 tera [T] = 10^12 tera [T] = 10^12 giga [G] = 10^9 (a billion) giga [G] = 10^9 (a billion) mega [M] = 10^6 (a million) mega [M] = 10^6 (a million) kilo [k] = 10^3 (a thousand) kilo [k] = 10^3 (a thousand) hecto [h] 100 = 10^2 (a hundred) hecto [h] 100 = 10^2 (a hundred) deca [da]10 = 10^1 (ten) deca [da]10 = 10^1 (ten) 1 = 10^0 1 = 10^0 deci [d] 0.1 = 10^-1 (a tenth) deci [d] 0.1 = 10^-1 (a tenth) centi [c] 0.01 = 10^-2 (a hundredth) centi [c] 0.01 = 10^-2 (a hundredth) milli [m] = 10^-3 (a thousandth) milli [m] = 10^-3 (a thousandth) micro [µ] = 10^-6 (a millionth) micro [µ] = 10^-6 (a millionth) nano [n] = 10^-9 (a billionth) nano [n] = 10^-9 (a billionth) pico [p] = 10^-12 pico [p] = 10^-12 femto [f] = 10^-15 femto [f] = 10^-15 atto [a] = 10^-18 atto [a] = 10^-18 zepto [z] = 10^-21 zepto [z] = 10^-21 yocto [y] = 10^-24 yocto [y] = 10^-24

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Useful Prefixes giga [G] = 10^9 (a billion) giga [G] = 10^9 (a billion) mega [M] = 10^6 (a million) mega [M] = 10^6 (a million) kilo [k] = 10^3 (a thousand) kilo [k] = 10^3 (a thousand) hecto [h] 100 = 10^2 (a hundred) hecto [h] 100 = 10^2 (a hundred) deca [da]10 = 10^1 (ten) deca [da]10 = 10^1 (ten) 1 = 10^0 1 = 10^0 deci [d] 0.1 = 10^-1 (a tenth) deci [d] 0.1 = 10^-1 (a tenth) centi [c] 0.01 = 10^-2 (a hundredth) centi [c] 0.01 = 10^-2 (a hundredth) milli [m] = 10^-3 (a thousandth) milli [m] = 10^-3 (a thousandth) micro [µ] = 10^-6 (a millionth) micro [µ] = 10^-6 (a millionth) nano [n] = 10^-9 (a billionth) nano [n] = 10^-9 (a billionth)

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Lets get Real - Length What units do we really use for length? And how big are they? What units do we really use for length? And how big are they? –Kilometers –Meters –Centimeters –Millimeters –Micrometers – Microns –Ångström - angstrom

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Getting Real - Mass Mass is Not Weight!!!! Mass is Not Weight!!!! What units do we really use for mass? How much is that really? What units do we really use for mass? How much is that really? –kilogram –gram –milligram –microgram

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Mass is Not Weight? WHAT? Weight is the force of attraction between two objects. Weight is the force of attraction between two objects. –Your weight is the force of attraction between you and the Earth Mass is the amount of material (electrons, protons and neutrons) in a substance. The amount of stuff. It provides a gravitational attraction and has inertia. Mass is the amount of material (electrons, protons and neutrons) in a substance. The amount of stuff. It provides a gravitational attraction and has inertia.

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Mass and Weight again Your mass doesnt change! (unless) Your mass doesnt change! (unless) Your weight changes, depending on where you are: Your weight changes, depending on where you are: –On the moon – 1/6 –On Mars – 1/3 –On Jupiter – 2.5x –In orbit - 0

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Weighing the Earth 1 First – weigh yourself on a bathroom scale First – weigh yourself on a bathroom scale

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Weighing the Earth 2 Now take the scale out to the curb of the road Now take the scale out to the curb of the road

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Weighing the Earth 3

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Getting real with Volume Volume, the amount of Space things take up – is a cubic measurement – l x w x h Volume, the amount of Space things take up – is a cubic measurement – l x w x h We use two systems for Volume which are really the same We use two systems for Volume which are really the same 1 liter = 1000 ml = 1000 cm 3 1 liter = 1000 ml = 1000 cm 3 1 milliliter = 1 cm 3 1 milliliter = 1 cm 3 Occasionally we might use cubic meters m 3 or cubic kilometers km 3. Occasionally we might use cubic meters m 3 or cubic kilometers km 3.

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Volume How much is that really? How much is that really? Liter Liter Milliliter Milliliter

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Measurement Activity Measure the following objects in m, cm, mm: Measure the following objects in m, cm, mm: –Your desk (l & w & h) –The door –Your height, your nose to finger tip, your foot, your shaka, the room. To convert m cm mm To convert m cm mm –1000 mm = 100 cm = 1 m –10 mm = 1 cm –cm to mm: x10 mm to cm: ÷ 10 m to cm: x100 cm to m: ÷ 100 m to mm: x1000 mm to m: ÷ 1000

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ObjectMeterCentimeterMillimeter Desk – L Desk – W Desk – H Door – H Door – W Room – L Room – W Your Height Nose to finger Foot Shaka

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۰۱۲۳۴۵٦٧٨٩ ۰۱۲۳۴۵٦٧٨٩

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Disclaimer Aloha I put together these power points for use in my science classes. You may use them in your classes. Some images are public domain, some are used under the fair-use provisions of the copyright law, some are mine. Copyright is retained by the owners! Ted Brattstrom

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