Presentation on theme: "Build Your Future for DBEs CONFERENCE"— Presentation transcript:
1Build Your Future for DBEs CONFERENCE Minority-Owned Business Fraud in TransportationSenior InvestigatorGeorge F. SullivanU.S. Department of TransportationOffice of Inspector General
2Overview Mission and Priorities Fraud Discovery, Schemes, and IndicatorsDBE Fraud and Case StudiesDetection and Deterrence of DBE Fraud
3OIG MissionTo conduct objective audits and investigations of DOT’s programs and operationsTo promote economy, effectiveness, and efficiency within DOTTo prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse in the Department’s programsTo review existing and proposed laws or regulations affecting the Department and make recommendations about themTo keep the Secretary of Transportation and Congress fully informed about problems in departmental programs and operations
4Investigative Regions Cambridge, MA(617)New York, NY(212)Washington, DC(202)Atlanta, GA(404)Chicago, IL(312)Ft. Worth, TX(817)San Francisco, CA(415)
5American Recovery & Reinvestment Act February 17, 2009, the President signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), which designated over $48 billion to the USDOT.According to the Secretary of Transportation, ARRA represents “the largest investment in America’s roads, bridges, transit lines, and rail systems since the creation of the interstate highway system.”Key provisions:preserve and create jobspromote economic recoveryinvest in transportation infrastructure to provide long-term economic benefits
6FHWA: $27.5 Billion FAA -AIP: $1.1 Billion FRA : $8 Billion How to use this moneyFHWA: $27.5 BillionFAA -AIP: $1.1 BillionFRA : $8 BillionAMTRAK: $1.3 BillionFTA: 6.9 BillionPotential source of revenue for job creation,Potential source of revenue to promote the needed economic recoveryPotential source of revenue to rehabilitate the nations highway infrastructureORHAVE 10 TO 20% LOST TOWASTE FRAUD OR ABUSE
7Contract/Grant FraudContract Fraud Initiative Is Our Number One PriorityStatistics FY-2009 and combined- 35 Indictments- 62 Convictions- $20 Million in Fines & Restitution, etc. -.
8Referral-Investigation- Prosecution The Process:Referral-Investigation- ProsecutionOIG - InvestigationsU.S. Courts
9Characteristics of an Administrative/Civil Action Non-compliance with DOT RegulationsInadvertent/Not deliberateProved by a Preponderance of EvidenceSanctions can include Orders to take Corrective Action, Repayment of funds, Withhold funding, Return of funds
10$1,817,619WOULD YOUR COMPANY SURVIVE THIS TYPE OF FINANCIAL HIT AT THE END OF A CONTRACT?
11FRAUDA Generic Term That Embraces All the Ways One Person Can Falsely Represent Something to Another in Order to Induce That Person to Surrender Something of Value.
12Minority-Owned Business Fraud Definition: Contractors misrepresents who performed contract work to limit costs while appearing to be in compliance with contract requirement to use minority/women-owned businessesExample: Prime contractor and minority-owned subcontractor submitted false payroll records and prepared false job-cost records to indicate that a minority-owned business performed specialty painting of highway structures, when in fact a majority-owned subcontractor controlled and supervised the painting work.
13Minority-Owned Business “Red Flag” Indicators Minority owner lacks background, expertise, or equipment to perform subcontract workEmployees shuttle back and forth between prime contractor and minority-owned business payrollsBusiness names on equipment and vehicles are covered with paint or magnetic signsOrders and payment for necessary supplies are made by individuals not employed by minority-owned business
14Minority-Owned Business “Red Flag” Indicators Continued Prime contractor facilitated purchase of minority-owned businessMinority-owned business owner never present at job sitePrime contractor always uses the same minority-owned business
15Why Employees Do Not Report Fraud According to a 2005 Business Ethics Study, employees do not report fraud because they:Believe nothing will happen.Don’t know who to contact.Think the report will not be kept confidential, so supervisors or co-workers might retaliate.Believe the situation has no personal impact on them.
17DisclaimerThis presentation is intended only to reflect a partial summary of our investigation. It represents only one side of the story based on certain facts discovered through the course of the investigation.Others may interpret this information, and the facts behind them, in a different manner and come to different conclusions.
18Could this be you? The Justice Department announced today Two Michigan Construction Firms to Pay More Than $1.4 Million to Resolve Alleged False Claims
19John Carlo Inc. and Angelo Iafrate Are alleged to Have Falsely Claimed Using Disadvantaged Business at Detroit Airport– Two Michigan construction companies have agreed to pay the United States $1.407 million to resolve allegations that they knowingly submitted false claims relating to a federally funded construction project
20WASHINGTONThe United States alleges that the companies, John Carlo Inc. and Angelo Iafrate Construction Company, falsely claimed that they had used Disadvantaged Business Enterprises (DBEs) for part of the work on the project when they had not.In addition to the $1.407 million payment to resolve civil claims, Angelo Iafrate Construction has also entered into a separate administrative agreement with DOT to ensure future compliance with DBE requirements.
21Minority-Owned Business Example State DOT decertified DBE company for not being independent of primeReferred to the U.S. DOT/OIG because they suspected that the prime and DBE knowingly and willfully misrepresented compliance with DBE program for purposes of obtaining contracts
22Minority-Owned Business Example An investigation/analysis was conductedConducted interviews, issued subpoenas, and reviewed project filesPrime established a former employee as a DBE and controlled all aspects of DBE business operationsDBE contracted exclusively with primeAs a result of the investigation/analysisDBE confessed to making false statements and agreed to cooperatePrime acknowledged making false statements and paid $2.5 million fine
27DBE Fraud SchemesLegitimate, DBE certified Cement Company has been in business for 25 years providing curb and gutter work.Owner is approached by non-DBE owned company to “assist in meeting their contract DBE goals.” DBE’s only actual participation on the project was to provide invoice payment services, and payroll services, for a fee.
29AJAX strikes agreement with BORBOLLA on pass-through fee
30Project manager implicates AJAX VP in $10 M DBE scheme
31Settlement for $11.75 M and Compliance Agreements
32Consequences to DBEDBE was not prosecuted due to health issues. However, the DBE Company removed themselves from the DBE program, and closed down their family business.
33DBE Fraud Schemes False Eligibility The DBE does not belong to one of the recognized socially or economically disadvantaged groupsThe DBE provides false information concerning size or financial statusHidden assets or false statements concerning origination of capital
34Bribery to Falsify DBE Certification Background Daniel Pellicciotti, nephew of a former Philadelphia councilman, is a non-disabled white male who incorporated the contractor Philly-Wide Interiors in 1998.Minority Business Enterprise Council (MBEC) is Philadelphia’s agency responsible for certifying DBE’s.Another case involved DBE certification fraud with a twist of bribery. Daniel Pellicciotti wanted his business Philly-Wide Interiors to succeed. He was already connected to city hall, but he also wanted the competitive advantage of a DBE, even though he was a white male.
35Bribery to Falsify DBE Certification Scheme Pellicciotti provided cash and free meals to an MBEC employee to influence his decision to certify Philly-Wide as a DBE owned and controlled by Pellicciotti’s wife, a full-time nurse.Philly-Wide used its DBE certification to obtain a $228K contract in 2001 for demolition and refurbishment work on a transit contract.Pellicciotti persuaded his wife, a full-time nurse, to apply for DBE certification as the owner and manager of Philly-Wide Interiors; and he bought insurance for a favorable DBE certification decision by providing cash and meals to a DBE certifier. It paid off—a $228K demolition contract on a transit project.
36Bribery to Falsify DBE Certification Disposition Following cooperation and a guilty plea, the MBEC employee was sentenced to pay $1,500 in restitution and probation for 36 months.After pleading guilty, Pellicciotti and Philly-Wide were sentenced to pay more than $135,000 in fines and restitution, plus 8 years probation. Both were debarred from working on Federal-aid contracts for 3 years.It paid off until the DBE certifier was implicated in an undercover operation and cooperated to limit his own criminal exposure by providing evidence against Pellicciotti.
37DBE Fraud Schemes Conduit Companies DBE firm does not complete any of the contracted workThe DBE sells his status to another company who completes the workUsually allows the use of the DBE name on invoices, trucks, equipment
38ANOTHER DBE FRONT ?AGW STEEL PRODUCTS was an Illinois Certified DBE firm.Operated by Mr. & Mrs. Harvey Williams, and an occasional part time employee.Williams claimed he was certified in seventeen states as a DBE steel supplier.In Nebraska, he was certified as a steel manufacturer.
43AGW ProjectsAGW was identified as the DBE steel supplier on several Kansas highway projects, with a combined value of over two million dollars.Document review disclosed AGW was purchasing from a broker, and reselling the steel products. They were drop shipped to the project site by the mfg., and never received by AGW.The review also disclosed that one of the manufacturer’s representatives used the AGW DBE status as a selling point, to help prime contractors meet the DBE goals.
51No Admission of Guilt But… AGW STEEL, INC. III. TERMS AND CONDITIONS1. A.G.W. Steel, Incorporated agrees to pay to the United States $50, (Settlement Amount).They further agreed to be debarred for five years from the date of the settlement.
52IN ADDITION…Two prime contractors and the supplier reached settlement agreements with the U.S. Department of Justice as follows…
53CARTER WATERS INC. III. TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1 Carter-Waters agrees to pay to the United States $176, (Settlement Amount).7. Carter-Waters also agrees to all of the terms and conditions of the Corporate Compliance Plan,
54KOSS CONSTRUCTION III. TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Koss agrees to cause to be paid to the United States $600, (Settlement Amount).7. Koss also agrees to adopt, as a company policy, the terms and conditions of the Koss Construction Company Corporate Compliance Program, attached hereto as Exhibit 1.
55IDEKER INCORPORATED III. TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Ideker, Inc. agrees to pay to the United States $22, (Settlement Amount).7. Ideker, Inc. also agrees to all of the terms and conditions of the Corporate Compliance Plan, attached hereto as Exhibit 1 and incorporated herein by reference.
56WHERE DID THE MONEY GO?After considerable effort by John Ehmen working with FHWA Headquarters, KDOT has finally been credited with the settlement funds from the DBE fraud case that was completed this year. Of the $848,000 Koss/CarteWaters/Ideker/AGW settlement, KDOT received $822,560 and the Department of Justice (US Attorney) received $25,440 (3%).
57DOT/OIG Hotline Call: 1-800-424-9071 E-Mail: Hotline@oig.dot.gov Write: U.S. DOT/OIGP.O.Box 23178Washington, DC
58QUESTIONS Senior Investigator George F. Sullivan U.S. Department of TransportationOffice of Inspector General