Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Debrief of Evidence for Evolution Take notes in your packet.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Debrief of Evidence for Evolution Take notes in your packet."— Presentation transcript:

1 Debrief of Evidence for Evolution Take notes in your packet

2 Station 1: Comparative Embryology Comparative embryology = the science dealing with the comparison of different organisms pre-birth (or pre-hatching) development. VS.

3 Station 1: Comparative Embryology

4

5 How does this serve as evidence that supports the Theory of Evolution? Argument: the early development of these species is similar because they each evolved from a common ancestor.

6 Station 2A: Homologous structures

7 Homologous structures: structures that are similar across different species due to common ancestry.

8 Station 2A: Homologous structures How does this serve as evidence that supports the Theory of Evolution? Argument: even though the forelimbs have very different functions, their similar bone structure suggests that they evolved from a common ancestor.

9 Station 2A: Homologous structures More examples:

10 Station 2B: Vestigial structures

11

12 Vestigial structures: homologous structures that have lost most or all of their function (vestige = a remnant of)

13 Station 2B: Vestigial structures How does this serve as evidence that supports the Theory of Evolution? Argument: these useless structures are remnants of structures that were once useful in an evolutionary ancestor (i.e. tailbone actually supported a tail our evolutionary ancestor)

14 Station 2B: Vestigial structures Other examples: - Goose bumps

15 Station 3: Fossils

16 Stratigraphy – relative ages of rocks and fossils 1.Which fossils were alive at the same time? Why? 2.Which fossil(s) are the oldest? How can you tell? Fossil: A Fossil: B Fossil: C

17 But how do we know exactly how old fossils and rocks are?

18 Scientists can date both rocks and dead organisms Radioisotopes – elements that undergo decay at a consistent rate Carbon-14 is a radioisotope found in living things. – Scientists can measure the amount of Carbon-14 and its decay product Carbon-12 in order to establish the age of a fossil – It takes 5730 years for ½ of a sample of Carbon-14 to decay into Carbon-12

19 How does the fossil record support the Theory of Evolution?

20 There are many fossils discovered that display organisms that do not exist today!

21 Imagine digging and coming across this!

22 Or this!

23 Inference: There are many organisms who once roamed the Earth that are now extinct. But how do we know that they all didnt live at the same time

24 Connection to evolution: Some of these fossils resemble organisms currently living on Earth. Different layers of the earth show a progression of evolution

25 Lets look back at our cross-section of the earth

26 In review: The fossil record supports the Theory of Evolution because: Fossils show the diversity of life on earths timescale. We can see a progressive change in species over time.

27 Station 4: DNA! How many of the same genes do you think humans share with these species:

28 DNA evidence Which organism is most closely related to a human? Which is least closely related?

29 Station #4: DNA How does this serve as evidence that supports the Theory of Evolution? Argument: Those with more closely related DNA probably evolved from a common ancestor Argument: the structure of genetic code is the same for every organism on Earth! All organisms pass on their traits in the same way.

30 Exit ticket On the back of your paper, write down: 1.The two pieces of evidence for evolution that you find most interesting and… 2.How these two pieces of evidence support the Theory of Evolution


Download ppt "Debrief of Evidence for Evolution Take notes in your packet."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google