4Why are we here?Reduce and eventually eliminate disruptive behavior in your schoolsRe-examine the importance of your role (as a SAT member) in this processDevelop a process for promoting a system-wide ethos regarding behavior and respectEnsuring sustainability and expansionShare ideas with others
5Excerpt from 2007 State of the State Address “I also plan to work closely with our state’s teachers on addressing the growing problem of classroom and student bullying. Schools should be places where you enjoy the process of growth and learning; not places of fear and intimidation. For the protection of students, teachers and school service personnel alike, I will do everything possible to make our schools bully-free.”Governor Joe Manchin III
6Union to push student discipline Charleston Gazette Wednesday January 03, 2007“State teacher’s union plans to propose legislation this year that would help teachers get a better grip on student discipline, providing more state funds for alternative school programs.”
10Emphasizes the importance of the Social Climate characterized by warmth, positive interest, and involvement by adultsfirm limits to unacceptable behaviorwhere non-hostile, nonphysical negative consequences are consistently applied in cases of violations of rules and other unacceptable behaviorsadults act as authorities and positive role models.Olweus, D., Limber, S. & Mihalic, S.F. (1999). Blueprints for Violence Prevention, Book Nine: Bullying Prevention Program. Boulder, CO: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.The first three principles represent the antithesis of child-rearing dimensions that research has linked to the development of aggressive reaction patterns: negativism on the part of the primary caretaker, general permissiveness, lack of clear limits, and use of power-assertive methods such as spanking and violent verbal outbursts. The fourth principle encourages adults to emulate an authoritative (not authoritarian) adult-child interaction model in which they take responsibility for the students' total situation, including both academic learning and social relationships in school.
11Ratting vs. Reporting“Ratting" occurs when the sole intent is to get another child in trouble."Reporting" occurs when the intent is to protect the safety of another child.Ratting" occurs when a student tells about an inappropriate act with the idea getting another student into trouble with the administration. "Reporting" happens when a student tells to protect the safety of another student. Once students have an understanding of the difference between the two, reporting bullying incidents becomes much less of a social taboo.
12A child in America… Every 8 seconds a child drops out of school. Every 47 seconds a child is abused.Every 67 seconds a teenager has a baby.Every 7 minutes a child is arrested for a drugs offense.Every 30 minutes a child is arrested for drunken driving.Every 36 minutes a child is killed or injured by guns.Every day 100,000 American children are homeless.2003 Source Book
13Healthy People 2010“Schools have more influence on the lives of youth than any other social institution except the family, and provide a setting in which friendship networks develop, socialization occurs, and norms that govern behavior are developed and reinforced.”
16Coordinated School Health Programs Health EducationAddresses all dimensions of healthDevelops knowledge, attitudes, and skillsTailored to each grade levelMotivates studentsCommunityHealth ServicesPreventative ServicesEducationEmergency CareReferralManagement of acute and chronic conditionsDevelop partnerships among schools, families and community groups. Individuals will share and maximize resources and expertise in addressing the development of healthy children, youth, and their families.Teacher WellnessPhysical EducationPromotes lifelong physical activityDevelops basic movement skillsDevelops physical fitnessEnhances social and emotional abilityStaff Activities:AssessmentEducationFitnessSchool Counseling/Social ServicesNutrition ServicesCognitiveEmotionalBehavioralSocial NeedsIntegration of:Nutrition EducationNutritious and appealing mealsEnvironment that promotes healthy dietary behaviorsFood SafetyIndividualsGroupsFamiliesSchool EnvironmentProvides a safe physical plant, as well as a healthy and supportive environment that fosters learning.Physical ClimateEmotional ClimateSocial Climate
17Health Education Addresses all dimensions of health Refusal SkillsHealth EducationAddresses all dimensions of healthDevelops knowledge, attitudes, and skillsTailored to each grade levelMotivates students
18Physical Education Promotes lifelong physical activity Develops basic movement skillsDevelops physical fitnessEnhances social and emotional ability
19School Health Services Preventative ServicesEducationEmergency CareReferralManagement of acute & chronic conditions
20School Nutrition Services Integration of:Nutrition EducationNutritious and appealing mealsEnvironment that promotes healthy dietary behaviorsFood Safety
22Healthy School Environment Provides a safe physical plant, as well as a healthy and supportive environment that fosters learningPhysical ClimateEmotional ClimateSocial Climate
23Teacher/Staff Wellness Staff Activities:AssessmentEducationFitnessstaff serves as role models
24CommunityDevelop partnerships among schools, families and community groups. Individuals will share and maximize resources and expertise in addressing the development of healthy children, youth, and their families.
25hat is Single School Culture? What is Single School Culture?It is not a program but a way of organizing and running a school. It begins with shared norms, beliefs, values, and goals and results in agreed upon processes and procedures that produce consistency in practice.A Single School Culture results in consistency of both adult and student practices related to:BehaviorAchievementClimate
26What Do We Mean By Climate? Climate refers to the emotional atmosphere we generate around us; some people refer to climate as the “context” of school.Climate involves the perception of stakeholders concerning the fairness, openness, friendliness, the ethos of caring, and sense of welcome of the school.Climate includes the level of orderliness of the school and the degree of satisfaction experienced within its organizational structure.
27What does Single School Culture for Climate (SSC-A) Look Like in the Whole School? “Connectedness” to school is encouraged in a myriad of ways.At-risk does not predetermine the amount of success we can have in working with the student and that which the student can experience.Students are given valuable roles at school.Students are made to feel that “I fit in here!”
28What Are the Adult Processes for SSC-C? Identify the problematic practices and their impact on staff/student morale, achievement, and participation and what would good practices look like.Gain staff input and agreement to change practices for a set amount of time.Establish methods for coaching people who are out of compliance with agreed-upon practice.Make a long-term plan for establishing campus norms that support the healthy development of children and that will move Level II and Level III students up to Level I.6
29Adult Strategies - con’t Negate Risk FactorsThe conditions underlying the problems of alcohol and other drug use, teen pregnancy, delinquency, violence, and school drop-outsConditions are not seen as “causal” factorsThey are conditions which increase the likelihood of an individual engaging in destructive behaviors
30Risk Factor ChartAs you can see, there are four domains in a child’s life: Individual/Peer, Family, School, and Community. Within each of these domains there are risk factors.Many children who experience risk do not succumb to the risk.Whatever setting you are working in, you can use information to help identify, counter, or eradicate the risk in children’s lives.Emmy Werner, of the University of California at Davis, did a study on risk that followed 600 Hawaiian children, with four identified risk factors, for 30 years. Of these children, two-thirds turned out to be productive, happy adults. What happened “right” for these children that lessened the effects of so much risk? This leads us to the topic of protective factors.Note: You may want to reference those domains most pertinent to your audience when giving examples. A common question is, “What do you mean laws or norms favorable toward problem behavior?” An example would be when a community does not enforce loitering laws or adults purchasing cigarettes for minors.
31Adult Strategies- con’t Promote Protective Factors“The personal, social and institutional resources that promote adolescent development or buffer risk factors that might otherwise compromise development (Garmezy & Rutter, 1985)“The conditions that foster the development of resiliency in youth (Benard)
32Protective Factor Chart In addition to these most widely known protective factors, there are others identified by other researchers:J. David HawkinsBondingSkills/OpportunitiesRecognition (of skill use)Michael RutterFour Protective Processes (on page 13 in School Staff Guide to Risk and Resiliency)These three protective factors – Caring and Support, High Expectations, and Opportunities for Meaningful Participation – become the way we live with and teach children, if we are to foster Resiliency in them. We will talk about these in greater depth in a few minutes.
33What Does Single School Culture for Climate (SSC-A) Look Like in the Classroom? Teachers promote the effective resiliency attributes of:-Social Competence-Problem Solving-Autonomy and Independence-Sense of Purpose and Future
34What Are the Teacher Strategies for SSC-C Confidence and competence are nurtured.Students are encouraged to give a genuine hand to others.Students believe that listening to them is a priority.Students know we care about them - we might not like their behavior, but them we like.
35What Might Be Our Goals in the Area of Climate? Maintain a community in school that reduces risk factors for students and promotes protective factors.Maintain a community in school that recognizes and values the contributions of all: staff, students, and parents.Maintain a context that will move students up the ladder of achievement.Promote an atmosphere that encourages positive relationships between all stakeholder groups (administration/teacher, teacher/teacher, teacher/student, student/student).4
36How Will We Assess Progress in the Area of Climate? Climate surveysReduced conflictsDecreases in absentee rateIncreases in informal socializationA sense of community is evidentMovement of Level II and III students up to Level IIs it starting to look and feel like we imagined it could be?8
37Further Evidence Whole School In the Classroom Creates an inclusive environmentCreates a sense of community that supports, recognizes, and respects differencesMakes students want to come to school and participateIn the ClassroomWe understand that we are in the social and emotional development business; not just the academic development business
38Single School Culture for Climate In the Classroom (continued)We understand that students need to have pro-social skills to use as needed at schools and in life. These skills may be:Problem-solvingNon-violent conflict resolutionRestraint of impulsivenessPeer refusal skillsWe recognize the valuable contribution students can make to their school and home community through:Service Learning and Community ServiceSafe Schools Ambassadors / MediationStudent Government, Sports, the Arts, Character Education, Mentoring, etc.
39Nuts & Bolts: The Plan Systemic Approach Behavior Intervention Forms (BIFs)Definition of ViolenceConsistent Classroom Management SystemTeacher ActionsSupport ServicesSAT MeetingsReferralsDevelopmental GuidanceParent InvolvementStudent Agendas/PlannersConduct GradeIncentive ProgramAlternative School ProgramSurveys and Data CollectionPositive Behavior Programs
40If prevention is to work, it must be consistent If prevention is to work, it must be consistent. To be consistent, all the adults must agree on terms.Herein lies the most difficult part of intervention and prevention: deciding which actions merit our stepping in.
41What is your role? Voice of the School (Re: Behavior) Sparkplug FacilitatorConsistent/CongruentPro ActiveAdult Centered PREVENTIONTrack Behaviors (BIF)Analyze and Act (Consistency)
42When do you intervene as an SAT? When even a small red flag goes up about a student’s behavior, it’s time for the SAT to take action.