Waste Regulations for Airports and FBOs Waste Management Section Jim Harford
Waste Topics for Airports Hazardous Waste Common Wastes That Might be Hazardous Common Violations Contacts
Hazardous Waste Whos Affected? –Just about everybody except households Hazardous Waste Identification –All must identify their wastes regardless of size
Hazardous Waste Solid Waste –Any material ----solids, liquids, sludges, and contained gases disposed, burned, or recycled in a certain manner Solid Waste is also Hazardous Waste if: It is one or more of the following: –Has been specifically listed –Exhibits any characteristic of a hazardous waste –Is a mixture of listed waste and non-hazardous waste
Hazardous Waste Waste Determination Steps 1.Is it excluded? 2.Is it listed as a hazardous waste 3.Does it have characteristics of hazardous waste –Test or –Apply generator knowledge 4.If it is hazardous waste, check for possible exclusions or restrictions
Hazardous Waste Some Exclusions and Exceptions –Household Hazardous Waste –Sewage to Publicly Owned Treatment Works –Use/reuse without reclamation –Used oil if being recycled –Scrap metal being recycled –NOTE: Recycling does not automatically remove a waste from haz waste regulation!
Hazardous Waste Listed Hazardous Waste –U-listed -- specific unused or off-spec commercial chemical products Sole active ingredient –P-listed -- acutely hazardous -- specific unused or off-spec commercial chemical products –F-listed -- nonspecific sources Certain spent solvents and solvent blends
Hazardous Waste Characteristic Hazardous Waste –Corrosivity -- pH (strong acids or bases) –Ignitability -- liquid & flash point <140° F –Reactivity -- unstable, capable of explosive reaction if heated under confinement, etc. –Toxicity -- constituents that, if present in concentrations greater than specified levels, are considered a threat TCLP -- Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure
Hazardous Waste Generators of Hazardous Waste –Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) 220 lbs. or less per calendar month Easy –Small Quantity Generator (SQG) >220 to <2,200 lbs. per calendar month Not Much Fun –Large Quantity Generator (LQG) 2,200 lbs. or greater per calendar month Dont Even Go There!
Common Wastes That Might Be Hazardous Many Solvents – not all –Spent or disposed –Cleaning & painting –Most ignitable –Many F-listed Methylene chloride, toluene, acetone, tetrachloroethylene, etc. –Parts washers –Aqueous parts washers
Common Wastes That Might Be Hazardous Fuel Sampling –Ignitable hazardous waste –Disposing to the ramp is not allowed! –Collect it on the ramp –Collected fuel used/sent off as fuel is not waste!!
Common Wastes That Might Be Hazardous Paint Booths –Spent filters might need to be tested Media Blasters –Spent sand, garnet, beads, etc. might need to be tested Used Oil –Can be confusing – lets talk -----
Used Oil Not hazardous waste if recycled or burned for energy recovery –Yes: Engine oil, transmission fluid, gear lube, cutting oils, hydraulic fluid –No: Antifreeze, brake fluid, or soy oil –Yes: Oil recovered by skimming or evaporation –Prove youre recycling it Oil filters not haz waste if punctured or crushed and hot-drained
Used Oil Dont be Used Oil Marketer (unless you want to) –Giving your used oil to a burner makes you a marketer –Marketers will need to do specification test –Used oil space heaters can be a good deal
Common Wastes That Might Be Hazardous Batteries –Lead-acid batteries that are recycled not haz waste –Other hazardous waste batteries NiCad, mercury, some lithium, silver Pesticides –Aerial spraying operations –Many pesticides are listed or characteristic hazardous waste Hazardous Waste Bulbs –HID, fluorescent, high pressure sodium, mercury vapor, metal halide All the above are Universal Waste – Lets see ---
Universal Waste Recycling operations can generate hazardous waste batteries –Managing as UW can help you –Reduced Regulatory Burden Generate UW without having to include these wastes when counting hazardous waste weight Can accumulate up to one year vice 90 or 180 days Do not include lead-acid batteries managed under Title 128, Chapter 7 –The old reclamation exemption is better!
Common Wastes That Might Be Hazardous Wash Racks, Sumps, Drains –Residues might need testing –Cant clean out and place elsewhere on the airport Fire Training Wastes –AFFF not hazardous waste, but --- Water Regs –Ignitable liquids might be hazardous waste
Common Wastes That Might Be Hazardous Aerosol Spray Cans –Empty cans are reactive hazardous waste –Unless managed as scrap metal Scrap Metal –Most scrap metal not hazardous waste –Some otherwise hazardous waste can be excluded under scrap metal rules
Scrap Metal Bits & pieces of metal parts or pieces that may be combined together with bolts or soldering, which when worn or superfluous can be recycled –Radiators, autos, box cars, circuit boards, pranged aircraft Excluded scrap metal –Not solid waste when recycled –Processed, Home, & Prompt scrap metal –Example: Crushed auto
Scrap Metal Scrap metal that is not excluded –Is a solid waste --- subject to –Speculative accumulation, but –Title 128, Chapter 7 exclusions apply –Example: Whole, uncrushed auto
Common Wastes That Might Be Hazardous Deicing Fluids –Not waste when used as intended –Waste when disposed of –Water regulations are primary concern Electronic Wastes –Avionics – most not hazardous –Computers – CRTs are hazardous waste (lead) –Lets see some more ------
Electronic Waste Computers, monitors, radios, TVs, telephones, video games, radar, transponders, etc. TVs, monitors, and CRTs are hazardous waste unless going through legitimate refurbishment LCDs and plasma screens not yet seen to be hazardous waste Mercury switches, NiCad batteries, etc. are usually hazardous waste
Electronic Waste Most other electronics are not hazardous waste Items that are otherwise hazardous waste, but meet the definition of scrap metal and are being managed as scrap metal will usually be considered to meet the scrap metal exemption –Separate circuit boards qualify –Hard drives
Electronic Waste Shredded circuit boards –Separate solid waste exclusion Containerized to prevent release Free of mercury switches and relays Free of NiCads and lithium batteries PCBs –Regulated by EPA EPA Region VII, Dave Phillippi, (913) 551-7395
Common Violations Most airports will be CESQGs Most FBOs will be CESQGs All of you must find out what category generator you are Most violations are by SQGs and LQGs Lets see what these are so you CESQGs can see what youre missing!
Common Violations Single Most Common Finding Failure to make hazardous waste determination –Applies to all generators except households –Some solid waste exclusions (Title 128, Ch 2, 009) –Mixture Rule often missed
Violations Container labeling and dating (Ch 9 & 10) –SQG & LQG –Includes Satellite Accumulation Containers –To date or not to date? –What must the label say? Emergency information next to the phone (Ch 9) –SQG
Violations Used oil marketing (Ch 7) –CESQG & SQG & LQG Improper Satellite Accumulation –SQG & LQG Arrangements with local authorities (Ch 17) –SQG & LQG
Violations Failure to notify of regulated waste activity (Ch 4) –SQG & LQG –Changes Manifest & Land Disposal Restriction Form recordkeeping (Ch 9, 10 & 20) –SQG & LQG
Violations Storage over 90/180 (270) days (Ch 9 & 10) –LQG/SQG Improper disposal (Ch 4) –SQG & LQG –CESQG rarely (> 43 lbs/day to a landfill) Weekly inspections (Ch 9 & 10) –SQG & LQG
Violations Universal Waste –Labeling & Dating –Containers & Closing –The CESQG Scam –All in or all out By specific universal waste
Waste Information Web Sites –http://www.deq.state.ne.us/http://www.deq.state.ne.us/ –Has The Regs, Guidance, Forms The Regs! –Title 128 – Nebraska Hazardous Waste Regulations –Title 132 – Integrated Solid Waste Management Regulations Waste Compliance Assistance (402) 471-8308 Jim Harford