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IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Guillermo García.

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Presentation on theme: "IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Guillermo García."— Presentation transcript:

1 IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Guillermo García Montero Chairman IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Guillermo García Montero Chairman IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions

2 The purpose of this talk… What is IOCARIBE? The region: main characteristics. Main environmental issues. Top priority areas. Main Programs in: Oceans Sciences, Ocean Services, Operational Observing Systems, Capacity Building. Data management needs. The purpose of this talk… What is IOCARIBE? The region: main characteristics. Main environmental issues. Top priority areas. Main Programs in: Oceans Sciences, Ocean Services, Operational Observing Systems, Capacity Building. Data management needs.

3 IOCARIBE Is a major subsidiary body of IOC IOCARIBE Is a major subsidiary body of IOC Specialised mechanism of the UN system to co-ordinate ocean scientific research and ocean services world-wide

4 IOC Regional Subsidiary Bodies

5 The Region

6 Number of States and Territories44 Total Population (x 10 6 )*141 Tourists Arriving per Year (x 10 6 )*40 Oil Production (x 10 6 bpd)4 Marine and Coastal BiodiversityHIGH The Region: Main Facts * excluding US and Mexico

7 MAIN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES... In IOCARIBE CONCERNING OCEANS AND COASTS… MAIN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES... In IOCARIBE CONCERNING OCEANS AND COASTS… Pollution (oil spills, sewage unprocessed and uncontrolled, debris…) Coastal erosion (mainly sandy beaches) Marine habitat degradation (coral reefs, mangroves, wetlands…) Fisheries depletion. Natural hazards (hurricanes, storm surges…) Pollution (oil spills, sewage unprocessed and uncontrolled, debris…) Coastal erosion (mainly sandy beaches) Marine habitat degradation (coral reefs, mangroves, wetlands…) Fisheries depletion. Natural hazards (hurricanes, storm surges…)

8 TOP PRIORITY AREAS Fisheries Agriculture Fisheries Agriculture Marine Biological Diversity Marine Pollution Maritime Safety Marine Pollution Maritime Safety Tourism Coastal Populations Tourism Coastal Populations Weather Forecast Storms and Hurricanes Storms Surges Tsunamis Weather Forecast Storms and Hurricanes Storms Surges Tsunamis

9 Historic Background: 1968: CICAR 1975: IOCARIBE Association 1982: IOCARIBE Subcommission Historic Background: 1968: CICAR 1975: IOCARIBE Association 1982: IOCARIBE Subcommission 29 Member States… Regional Offices located in Cartagena, Colombia. 29 Member States… Regional Offices located in Cartagena, Colombia. IOCARIBE S-C Main Facts…

10 IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions The Programs… Ocean Sciences. Reducing scientific uncertainties about coastal and global ocean processes in the context of marine ecosystems

11 IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions The Programs… Ocean Services. Open and full access to ocean data and management of relevant information for all

12 IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions The Programs… Operational Observing Systems. The monitoring and forecasting capabilities needed for the management and sustainable development of the open and coastal ocean

13 IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions IOCARIBE IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions The Programs… Capacity Building. Strategic to the overall role and supports of capacity building efforts that are focused within the IOCs scientific programmes.

14 IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions HAB-ANCA… to determine the conditions that influence on harmful algal blooms origin and intensity, and to forecast its appearance and trajectories. HAB-ANCA… to determine the conditions that influence on harmful algal blooms origin and intensity, and to forecast its appearance and trajectories. Ocean Sciences… HAB

15 Caribbean Gulf of Mexico SE US Continental shelf North Brazil shelf Ocean Sciences… LME IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem… Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem… … Sustainable management of the shared living marine resources of the Caribbean LME and adjacent regions through an integrated management approach that will meet WSSD targets for sustainable fisheries. Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem… Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem… … Sustainable management of the shared living marine resources of the Caribbean LME and adjacent regions through an integrated management approach that will meet WSSD targets for sustainable fisheries.

16 Ocean Sciences… ICZM IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) in Latin America and the Caribbean… …To contribute to the sustainable management of marine and coastal zones through sound science, technology and services. Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) in Latin America and the Caribbean… …To contribute to the sustainable management of marine and coastal zones through sound science, technology and services.

17 US Virgin Islands, 1867 US Virgin Islands, today Ocean Services… Caribbean Tsunami and other Coastal Hazards Warning System. IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Tsunamis and other Coastal Hazards.

18 Caribbean Tsunamis

19 Date PlaceFatalities 1853 Venezuela600-4,000 est.* 1867 Virgin Islands Panama Jamaica Puerto Rico Canada Dominican Republic1,790; Costa Rica2 TOTAL2,584 *not included Date PlaceFatalities 1853 Venezuela600-4,000 est.* 1867 Virgin Islands Panama Jamaica Puerto Rico Canada Dominican Republic1,790; Costa Rica2 TOTAL2,584 *not included Western North Atlantic Tsunami Fatalities in last 150 Years

20 Proposed Atlantic DART Buoy Locations

21

22 ODINCARSA… Ocean Data and Information Network for the Caribbean and South America Region… …To develop, coordinate and improve marine information and data exchange and management centers. IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Ocean Services… data management. Ocean Services… data management.

23 Ocean Services IBCCA International Bathymetric Chart for the Caribbean. IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions

24 Operational Observing Systems. IOCARIBE-GOOS… …The Regional component of the Global Ocean Observing System.

25 …is a basic source of information, services and products to support sustainable social and economic development, welfare, and safety, through systematic observations and associated research on coasts and seas… The system is … designed to yield products and services that meet the needs of users… …it is also a tool for integrated management of the coastal zone… IOCARIBE-GOOS / Definition

26 Status reported GLOSS IX 02/05 NOT OPERATIONAL GONE OPER / XMIT OPER / NO XMIT UNKNOWN IOCARIBE: Tide Gauges Network Status

27 ref. IOCARIBE Tsunami Proposal Annex III CPACC RONMAC US NWLON IOC/UNEP UK FRANCE MEXICO CUBA SMITH. INST PANAMA VENEZ IOC FIN CUR NOAA DOM REP NOAA IOCARIBE: Tide Gauges / Tsunamis Program 63 stations, 41 via GOES. IOCARIBE: Tide Gauges / Tsunamis Program 63 stations, 41 via GOES.

28 The ARGO Float…

29

30 Data to manage… Sediments, Salinity, Currents, Sea level, Waves, Coastal Morphology, Dissolved Oxygen, Water Color, Sea Temperature, Coastal Vegetation, Biodiversity, Bathymetry. Data to manage… Sediments, Salinity, Currents, Sea level, Waves, Coastal Morphology, Dissolved Oxygen, Water Color, Sea Temperature, Coastal Vegetation, Biodiversity, Bathymetry.

31 Process and phenomena Coastal Erosion, Coastal Flooding, Storm Surges, Sea Level Rise, Coast Line Changes, Bathymetry and sediment grain seize changes, Habitat Modification, Eutrophization, Mass Mortality, Species Abundance. Process and phenomena Coastal Erosion, Coastal Flooding, Storm Surges, Sea Level Rise, Coast Line Changes, Bathymetry and sediment grain seize changes, Habitat Modification, Eutrophization, Mass Mortality, Species Abundance.

32 Models and Products Coastal Erosion, Sediment Transport, Storm Surges, Coastal Flooding, Sea Level Rise, Habitat Modification, Coast Line and Bathymetry Changes, Water Quality, Oil Dispersion and transportation, Communities and Ecosystem Dynamics. Models and Products Coastal Erosion, Sediment Transport, Storm Surges, Coastal Flooding, Sea Level Rise, Habitat Modification, Coast Line and Bathymetry Changes, Water Quality, Oil Dispersion and transportation, Communities and Ecosystem Dynamics.

33 Observing, Analysis and Forecasting Main Elements Observing, Analysis and Forecasting Main Elements Data and Variables (acquisition) Phenomena and processes (observation and description) Models (development and application) Models (development and application) Products (Including forecasting) (Development and delivering) Products (Including forecasting) (Development and delivering)

34 GRACIAS


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