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INVENTING THE FUTURE – THE IMPORTANCE OF INVENTIVE AND INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY IN ENHANCING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF A BUSINESS
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011 Patent Trade Secret Trade Dress Design Trademark Copyright Product & / Services GI Plant Variety Biodiversity &TK Semiconductor
DESIGNS - FEATURES OF OBJECTS, PRODUCTS VISIBLE TO THE EYE TRADEMARKS - MARKS, LOGOS REPRESENTING GOODS OR SERVICES COPYRIGHT - ART, MUSIC, LITERATURE, FILM (INCLUDES PAMPHLETS ON PRODUCTS) PLANT VARIETIES - NEW VARIETIES THAT ARE NOVEL, DISTINCT, UNIFORM & STABLE TRADE SECRETS - INFORMATION & KNOW-HOW THAT GIVE EDGE OVER COMPETITION GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS - GOODS PRODUCED OR MFGD, EVOCATIVE OF A REGION PATENTS - INVENTIONS THAT IS NEW, INVENTIVE STEP, INDUSTRIALLY APPLICABLE IPR AND SUBJECT MATTER OF THE IPR SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
PATENT What is a patent? An exclusive right granted to persons, who have developed a new, non-obvious and useful invention which, allows them to exclude others from making, selling or using the invention Is protection to the idea itself, where expressed in the form of an invention SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
PATENT … Is protection to the idea itself, where expressed in the form of an invention The patent right is duration specific – 20 years Territorial in nature SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
INVENTION INVENTIVE STEP NOVELTY INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION PRODUCT / PROCESS PATENT compliances
SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011 A patent is a contract between the patentee and the government for his disclosure of the invention to the government in return for an exclusive right for a fixed period of time; Thereafter the invention comes into public domain. a passive right to the patentee to exclusively sell, use, manufacture his patented technology. an active right to prevent others from encroaching on his exclusivity without authorization. What is a Patent?
PATENTS What is a patent Criteria of patentability Process of getting a Patent A specification Opposition Infringement Remedies SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
NON-PATENTABLE INVENTIONS Commercial use contrary to law, morality, health or environment. Mere discovery of living or non-living substance occurring in nature. Diagnostic Therapeutic treatment of animals / Plants excluded from the treatment clause. Plants and animals in whole or any part thereof but other than micro-organisms. A mathematical or business method or computer program per se or algorithms. Literary, dramatic, musical, aesthetic work. Topography of ICs. Traditional Knowledge SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
Complete Specification - Field of the invention - Background which will include prior art - Drawbacks of the prior art, if any - The object of the invention - The Invention - Detailed description of the invention (with reference to drawings, if any). - Alternative embodiments of the invention, if any - The working of the invention - Drawings, if any - Claims SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
Claims - its importance to infringe a claim, an accused apparatus must have at least all of the elements of the claim. If one element of the claim is missing, then the accused apparatus does NOT infringe. so leave out all unnecessary limitations to a claim. The goal of claims drafting is to write a claim of the broadest scope possible in light of the prior art. Additionally dependent claims of varying could be drafted. So to obtain the broadest claim possible, try to claim the fewest elements possible while getting over the prior art. SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
RESEARCH NEED BASED / PROBLEM SOLUTION BREAKTHROUGH RESEARCH MAY BE PATENTABLE IMPROVEMENT PATENTS INCREMENTAL INNOVATIONS PATENTABLE INVENTIONS PLATFORM TECHNOLOGY DIVERSE APPLICATIONS
BREAKTHROUGH RESEARCH / PATENTS HOW TO IDENTIFY THESE ? TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE DISCUSSIONS WITH PREMIERE COLLEGES / INVENTORS / INDUSTRY EXPERTS WATCH ON COMPETITORS IP SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
LANDSCAPE A PICTURE OF PUBLISHED LITERATURE IN A TECHNOLOGY DOMAIN DISTRIBUTION OF TOPIC-WISE RESEARCH IDENTIFICATION OF WHITE SPOTS SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
WHAT YOU GET FROM A TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE This technology landscape will help give you R&D direction along with white gaps and areas of fundamental research. Study may include: 1. Patent and publication filing trends 2. Country-wise distribution 3. Technology white gaps with commercial or technological value? 4. Major players, university-wise, industry-wise and inventor- wise? 5. Major players and technology mapping. 6. Identification of fundamental research and respective players? 7. Collaboration opportunities SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
contd …… You could define the scope of the study by defining: Area of technology and level of taxonomy/sub- clusters which you may like us to study Country limitations (Patent wise ), Budget for the same SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
CNT based electrical applications are most attractive with Samsung being a clear leader with 169 patent families SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011 Samsung is strong in electrical & chemistry applications Sony is strong in chemistry applications Hon Hai Precision and Intel are focusing on thermal applications Hyperion is focused on mechanical and chemistry applications Scimed is strong in Biological applications Company Analysis
HYPERION. WILLIAM MARSH RICE UNIVERSITY UNIV OF CALIFORNIA SAMSUNG USA, NAVY INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FUJIFILM SONY CORP GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY HITACHI LTD. NASA TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY INTEL HON HAI PRECISION IND. CO, # of publications related to synthesis methods for CNT # of publications related to CNT based applications High Low IBM Samsung, Hon Hai Precision and Intel are active in filing patent applications focused on CNT based applications as well as synthesis methods for CNT SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011 Company Analysis Tsinghua Univ. is highly focused on synthesis processes for CNT
MARKET EVALUATION…. Other criteria for market Seasonality of the product Availability in off-season Demand vs Supply Premium pricing? Storage and transport Existing markets and marketing strategy SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011
BRANDING AND BRAND POSITIONING DUE DILIGENCE ADVERTISING AND VISIBILITY INCLUDING SURROGATE ADVERTIZING PACKAGING AND PRICING ACCESSABILITY AND AVAILABILITY QUALITY QUALITY QUALITY WATCH CELL INFRINGEMENT, QUALITY CONTROL, MARKET TRENDS
SKS LAW ASSOCIATES © 2011 WHY DO WE NEED PATENTS? INDUSTRY SOCIETY RESEARCH PRODUCTS/SERVICES REINVESTMENT PROFITS
SUNITA K. SREEDHARAN SKS Law Associates, New Delhi
PATENT A patent is: a grant of a limited time monopoly by the State to an inventor to use, sell, distribute, license his invention in return of its full.
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