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Nurhak AKDOGAN European & French Patent Attorney Pontet-Allano & Associés.

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Presentation on theme: "Nurhak AKDOGAN European & French Patent Attorney Pontet-Allano & Associés."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nurhak AKDOGAN European & French Patent Attorney Pontet-Allano & Associés

2 2 Invention Device System Method Use Creation Program code Aesthetic… Intellect Patent Author Right Creation / Invention?

3 3  What’s a patent ◦ a title of property (immaterial): ◦ monopoly given by state(s) ◦ on a novel invention ◦ in exchange of publishing it  creation: filing + examination  Lifetime : 20 years  Country dependant

4 4  What’s a trademark ◦ a title of property (immaterial): ◦ monopoly given by state(s) ◦ on a distinctive name ◦ to identify a product or service  Lifetime : renewable - unlimited  Country dependant  Obtaining it  Exploitation

5 5  Utility model (simplified patent)  Design model (aesthetic & look)  Printed board topography  Databases  Animal production processes  Vegetal production processes

6 6  A. Criteria for patentability ◦ Invention (technical) ◦ Novelty (different from prior art) / prior art : all that was publicly disclosed before filing date - world wide ◦ Inventive step (non obvious according to prior art) / for someone « skilled in the art » (but not creative) ◦ Industrial application (some fields are excluded)

7 7  B. Non Inventions ◦ only aesthetic ◦ only mental acts (business, social)  C. Non patentable ◦ (for morality or philosophy reasons)  Medical field (FR: L / EPC: A53) :  Biological field (FR: L / EPC: A53) :  Human body (FR: L / EPC: A53-R29) ◦ (for other reasons)  Computer program “as such” (FR: L / EPC: A52)

8 8  Many exclusions to patentability (R28, R29)  Processes for cloning human beings  Processes for modifying the germ line genetic identity of human beings  Uses of human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes  Processes for modifying the genetic identity of animals (when painful without medical benefit to man or animal)  The human body  Sequence of a gene (industrial application could be)

9 9  Many exclusions to patentability  Stem cells, when leading to destructing the embryo  Animal & vegetal varieties  Biological processes for producing animals or vegetals (micro-biological processes may be patented)

10 10 Software inventions  Differences according to countries ◦ USA : no restriction (initially) ↑ other countries: various situations… ↓ ◦ Europe : non-patentability (for the program in itself) ~

11 11  New solution to a known technical problem  Selecting an optimal solution for a problem, within a wide range of known solutions  Identifying a new technical effect of a known method, device or system  Formulating a new technical problem 11 What kind of invention

12 12  Moral right : stay to the inventor  Patrimonial rights : ◦ initially -> inventor ◦ researcher, specific contract -> assignment of rights ◦ independent, unspecified contractor -> inventor

13 13  A. Structure of a patent document ◦ Background – prior art ◦ Brief summary – generic exposition ◦ Detailed description –examplary embodiment ◦ Claims ◦ Drawings ◦ (annexes : DNA sequences, program code, etc.)

14 14  « Title »  Introduction ◦ Present invention is related to …  Background ◦ Field of the invention is … ◦ It is currently known to … (drawbacks / currently proposed solutions / remaining problems)  Object of invention ◦ An object of the invention is to …  Summary of the invention ◦ The invention proposes a … (generic definition ≈ main claims)  Advantages ◦ These features (limitations) enable to solve the problem of …  List of figures ◦ figure 1 illustrates …  Description of an examplary (preferred) embodiment ◦ As seen in figure 1, device according to the invention comprises…  Other embodiments  (Applications)

15 15  CLAIMS 1. Device for, wherein… 2. Device according to claim 1, wherein … 3. Device to any of claims 1 or 2, wherein … …………………………………………………………………………………………… 1. Method for data processing, comprising the following steps : ◦ receiving a data of …, ◦ computing at least a result data based on received data, through a process of …, ◦ transmitting said result data to … ◦ … …………………………………………………………………………………………… 1. Compound comprising … …………………………………………………………………………………………… 1. Pharmaceutical compound for treating stomachal ulcer, comprising …  FIGURES  ANNEX  (ABSTRACT)

16 16

17 17  B. Obtention ◦ Filing ◦ Extending ◦ Examination process ◦ Validating in local countries ◦ Maintaining ◦ Cost / deadlines

18 18

19 19  What kind of « protection » ◦ a right to forbid (-> country)  Limits of protection ◦ A. limits on product (only once) ◦ B. limits on monopoly (#private, experimenting…) ◦ C. limits from general interest  a restricted right (criteria, exception, lifetime…)  a disputed right (commercial freedom, open software…)  rights compared with scientific publication

20 20  A. Making value  Tactical monopoly  Strategical monopoly  Money making licensing  Cross-licensing  Plus-value et selling  Immaterial actives in balance accounting

21 21  B. Defense ◦ Detecting infringing activities ◦ Notifying ◦ Judicial action  Infringement action  Defending the patent ◦ Country dependant ◦ Stakes (benefits) / risks (invalidation)

22 22 …in ,35 millions of patent applications, and more than one million patents issued… for national applicants for foreign applicants

23 23 …in ,35 millions of patent applications, and more than one million patents issued… for national applicants for foreign applicants

24 24  Summary ◦ Industrial property : a panel of resources ◦ a patent may protect : a technical innovation, that can be described and carried out ◦ through a monopoly right based on: the application initial content (at filing date) ◦ a money making tool, to be synchronized with other publications ◦ a two-ways weapon – others may have it too


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