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WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANISATION MEETING OF EXPERT GROUP FOR DEFINING THE SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY FOR NATIONAL SURVEYS / STUDIES ON INTELECTUAL PROPERTY.

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Presentation on theme: "WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANISATION MEETING OF EXPERT GROUP FOR DEFINING THE SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY FOR NATIONAL SURVEYS / STUDIES ON INTELECTUAL PROPERTY."— Presentation transcript:

1 WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANISATION MEETING OF EXPERT GROUP FOR DEFINING THE SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY FOR NATIONAL SURVEYS / STUDIES ON INTELECTUAL PROPERTY AND SMEs LESSONS FROM PAST ENGAGEMENTS By Prof. Francis Matambalya International Development Consultant

2 9 July OUTLINE Scope of past engagement: oCommissioned studies oCommissioned project to design methodology for assessing the benefits of intellectual property systems in developing countries oOwn programme to integrate IPR courses in curricula Additional proposals for the methodology for national surveys/studies on intellectual property

3 9 July I. SCOPE OF PAST ENGAGEMENT

4 9 July 2009 Background Paper 4 Matambalya (2005). Benefits of the IP System in Developing Countries: Lessons from Tanzania. WIPO. Matambalya, F. (2000a). Specialized Tailor-Made IP Services and other Incentives in Promoting Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) Development and Competitiveness. Working Paper. WIPO International Conference on IP, Trade, Technological Innovation and Competitiveness, Rio de Janeiro, June 19 – 21. Matambalya, F. (2000b). A Profile of Small and Medium Scale Enterprise (SMEs) in the SADC Economies. WIPO. A. SELECTED STUDIES

5 9 July 2009 Background Paper 5 A. SELECTED STUDIES (conc.) Major aims of Matambalya 2005(a), (b) oExploration of state and dynamics related to IPRs in developing countries oGathering of ideas for designing methodology to for more comprehensive mapping of IPRs in developing copuntries

6 9 July 2009 Background Paper 6 Rationale: IPR situation and dynamics in developing countries differ substantially from those in developed countries Methodology for analysis (quantitatively and qualitatively) the benefits of IPS in developing countries Methodology covered: B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS oIdentification and broad clustering of key actors oDetermination of appropriate instrumentation (primary Data, secondary data, expert interviews) oSampling oImplementation plan

7 7 Structure of questionnaire for business enterprises B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS (contd.) Part I: General profile of the enterprise Part II: Framework for management of IPRs Part III: General overview of inventory of IPRs Part IV: Inventory of industrial property assets Part V: Inventory of copyrights and neighbouring rights Part VI: Costs of development of IP assets Part VII: Enterprises external business environment

8 8 Structure of questionnaire for business enterprises B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS (contd.) Part VIII: Enterprises perception of the effectiveness and predictability of IP policies and laws Part IX: Enterprises business networks and strategic partnerships Party X: Enterprises markets for IP assets Part XI: Enterprises general product & factor markets Part XII: Enterprises aggregate asset profiles Part XIII: Enterprises elements of workforce statistics

9 9 Structure of questionnaire for R & Institutions,etc. B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS (contd.) Part I: General profile of the institution Part II: General information on the business domain of the institution Part III: Framework for the management of IPRs Part IV: Inventory of institutions IP assets Part V: Inventory of institutions industrial property assets Part VI: Inventory of institutions copyrights and neighbouring rights Part VII: Costs of development of IP assets

10 10 Structure of questionnaire for R & Institutions,etc. B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS (contd.) oPart VII: Institutions perception of the effectiveness and predictability of IP policies and laws oPart IX: Institutions strategic partnerships and technical support programmes oParty X: Institutions markets for IP assets oPart XI: Institutions elements of workforce statistics oPart XII: Institutions aggregate asset profiles oPart XIII: Institutions elements of production costs and turnover

11 11 Structure of questionnaire for IPOs B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS (contd.) Part I: General profile of the institution Part II: Institutions activities Part III: Institutions assessment of countrys IP potential Part IV: Institutions assessment of countrys legal framework for IPRs Part V: Inventory of IP assets legally protected by the institution

12 12 Structure of questionnaire for business enterprises B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS (contd.) oPart VII: Institutions perception of the effectiveness and predictability of IP policies and laws oPart IX: Institutions strategic partnerships and technical support programmes oParty X: Institutions markets for IP assets oPart XI: Enterprises elements of workforce statistics oPart XII: Institutions aggregate asset profiles oPart XIII: Institutions elements of production costs and turnover

13 13 B. SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING IPS (conc.) Major lessons from Matambalya 2005 Factors hindering generation of IPRs (YES by 83.7% to 95.95%): oHigh R & D costs oLimited research financing capacity oLack of public R&D subsidies oLimited human capital base oLack of policies against brain drain oLack of policies for brain gain oWeak domestic industrial sector oHigh costs of legal advisory services Other observations: oLimited IPR awareness oPerception of IPR laws as being ineffective oUnwillingness to disclose data and information on production and trade Econometric estimation oNot carried out (useful sample too small)!

14 9 July 2009 Background Paper : 3 courses designed and integrated in the professional Master of International Trade (MIT) degree programme: C. INTEGRATING IPRs IN THE CURRICULA oCourse Code TL 607: Legal Aspects of International Trade Law oCourse Code TL 608: International Aspects of IPRs oCourse Code BX 611: Management of IPRs as Entrepreneurial Assets 2008: Same courses integrated in the professional Master of International Business (MIB) degree programme

15 9 July 2009 Background Paper 15 C. INTEGRATING IPRs IN THE CURRICULA (conc.) 2008: Same courses integrated in the professional Master of International Business (MIB) degree programme In addition, students can write their dissertations on IPR topics (i.e., course code TX 699).

16 9 July II. ADDITIONAL PROPOSALS ON METHODOLOGY

17 9 July Methodology should: oRecognise particularities of developing countries oCarefully blend standardisation and differentiation Using the methodology, a comprehensive mapping of IPR should help in the process of: oIdentification and valorisation of IPR assets oAssessment and recommendation of appropriate legal instruments for the protection of each IPR category oDevelopment of appropriate commercialisation strategies (through appropriate market intermediation measures)

18 18 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! MERCI POUR VOTRE ATTENTION!


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