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Ocean Observation, Climate Change and Disaster Warning: the Context David Meldrum Consultant, IOC/UNESCO, Paris

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Presentation on theme: "Ocean Observation, Climate Change and Disaster Warning: the Context David Meldrum Consultant, IOC/UNESCO, Paris"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ocean Observation, Climate Change and Disaster Warning: the Context David Meldrum Consultant, IOC/UNESCO, Paris

2 Contents of presentation Is climate changing? Ocean observing systems already in place –Weather and climate –Disaster warning The challenges of the deep ocean Opportunities for cable operators to make a difference

3 The evidence for climate change: global temperatures

4 The evidence for climate change: global sea level

5 Sea level rise: observed regional trends

6 Sea level rise: population vulnerability

7 The evidence for climate change: Arctic sea ice extent

8 Timescales of climate variability and the ocean

9 The evidence for climate change: deep ocean temperatures

10 GOOS: the Global Ocean Observing System

11 Examples of the instruments used

12 Moored instruments

13 Challenges of the deep ocean (compared to space) Satellites cant see below the sea surface Instruments have to withstand high pressure and corrosion No energy source (e.g. solar panels) Difficult for communications and imaging

14 But its only skin deep!

15 Unusual deep seabed features?

16 No – they came from the red planet, not the blue planet!

17 Techniques for observing the deep ocean Moorings Landers Lowered instruments Acoustics Cabled observatories New oceanographers!

18 Disaster warning - tsunamis

19 Tsunami warning networks

20 Seismic activity Not all seismic activity causes tsunamis

21 Japanese tsunami: predictions and observations itic.ioc-unesco.org

22 Analysis centres generate warnings

23 Vandalism is a major problem

24 Cables offer a solution Vandal-proof in the deep ocean Instantaneous communications Energy source Next generation commercial repeaters to include built-in tsunami sensors? Why not other sensors as well? –Ocean properties such as temperature and salinity –Seismometry –Passive acoustics

25 Passive acoustics has been used from cables before Blue whale migrations using SOSUS

26 Ocean acoustic pollution is a major issue IOC, Paris, Sept 2011

27 Conclusions The deep ocean is poorly observed Next generation cable repeaters could make a major impact Important climate variables could be measured Acoustic sensors would cast new light on marine mammals Cables offer the ideal solution for tsunami warning –Vandal resistant –Instant communications –Energy available –Could be a business opportunity –Or why not just be green and eco-friendly and improve your image! Suggestion: establish a small enthusiastic group to sketch out a limited pilot project

28 Cables are the future! TAT-1, Oban, Scotland Thank you!


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