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OceanSITES in the context of a global sustained ocean observing system for climate Albert Fischer and Boram Lee IOC / UNESCO The Global Ocean Observing.

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Presentation on theme: "OceanSITES in the context of a global sustained ocean observing system for climate Albert Fischer and Boram Lee IOC / UNESCO The Global Ocean Observing."— Presentation transcript:

1 OceanSITES in the context of a global sustained ocean observing system for climate Albert Fischer and Boram Lee IOC / UNESCO The Global Ocean Observing System Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology

2 Background: international coordination The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) exists as a mechanism for governments to coordinate marine science and observations, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) does the same for meteorology. A major program of the IOC is the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), which has defined scientific requirements for global ocean and coastal ocean observation systems Implementation of many of the elements of the system is coordinated by panels of the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM)

3 Background: international coordination The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) has ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial components, and was designed to respond to the needs of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) coordinates international climate research, with its CLIVAR project most involved with ocean observations and research Recommendations for the design of a sustained global ocean observing system for climate are the responsibility of the GCOS-GOOS-WCRP Ocean Observations Panel for Climate (OOPC)

4 System goals Recommendations for a sustained global ocean observing system for climate have been developed, in wide consultation with the oceanographic community, by the OOPC. This system is designed to provide data and information products for: –Climate monitoring and forecasting –Climate assessment –Climate research it is also the foundation for global operational oceanography, including global weather prediction and marine forecasting, global and coastal ocean prediction and marine environmental monitoring

5 Implementation: plans The requirements and a 5- to 10-year phased implementation plan for the system were recently described in the GCOS Implementation Plan (GCOS-92, available at It calls for sustained efforts in satellite and in situ ocean observing networks (including building to global coverage), data management, and product and analysis generation Strong links with research programs need to be maintained, for data collection, observing system evaluation, new technology to improve the system, and so that the observing system can respond to new scientific questions

6 Implementation: plans GCOS IP accepted by the UNFCCC in Dec 2004, with a call for regular reporting of progress against the implementation goals Accepted as a foundation for the GEO Climate societal benefit area Accepted by JCOMM as a foundation for observations programme area planning Excellent high-level acceptance, can we take advantage?

7 Observing networks status against agreed goals for global coverage 57% Total in situ networks February % 99% 40% 82% 43% 72% 48%21% 79% OceanSITES coordinate a key component

8 The role of OceanSITES Outline of the areas where OceanSITES can take action to add to the system I.coordination with JCOMM II.coordination with JCOMMs Data Buoy Cooperation Panel III.coordination with tsunami warning system observing plans IV.scientific activities to promote long time series observations

9 JCOMM vision Integrated ocean observing system Integrated data management State-of-the-art technologies and Capabilities New products and services User responsiveness and interaction Involvement of all maritime countries

10 JCOMM Structure OceanSITES already recognized with informal links

11 JCOMM Evaluation metrics Observing System Status: 2005, Q2. Sea Surface Temperature Goal: 100% Global Coverage Drifting Buoys Moored Buoys Ships Total

12 JCOMM Reporting Systems Approach to Standard Mapping and Reporting

13 The role of OceanSITES (I: JCOMM) continue efforts to keep track of the system: what is in the water, what is planned, what will end is the data available, and in a timely manner how and by whom is the data being used is the system responding to scientific goals

14 OceanSITES and DBCP

15 DBCP established in 1985 part of the Observations Programme Area of the JCOMM since Practical Achievements –Improvements in data quality and quantity –Formation of regional action groups –Establishment of effective QC procedures (QC monitoring network, QC system at Argos for data entering GTS ) –Involvement of oceanographic community –Active forum for data buoy issues (Annual sessions, technical workshops and documents, Website and related discussion fora)

16 DBCP Regional Action Groups

17 Contribution to JCOMMOPS support to programme planning, implementation, and operations: –observational data requirements, –technology, instrumentation, and costs, –operational status of observing networks (e.g. identification of data sparse area), –deployment opportunities (by ship and air). International coordination for oceanographic and marine observations DBCPSOT (SOOPIP) Argo

18 Challenges Deployment opportunities and strategies Re-seeding and enhancement of buoy networks Involvement of new groups: tsunami, OceanSITES Ongoing financial support for technical coordinator Vandalism New chemical and bio sensors New communications techniques and energy sources Smart platforms

19 Deployment & Maintenance

20 DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation So far… technical assistance through TC/DBCP –facilitating WMO number allocation –Argos data processing, GTS distribution * Assistance to TIP/TAO moorings (e.g. salinity processing from conductivity, temperature and depth, etc.)

21 DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation for the future… : Data Management (real-time and delayed mode) data accessibility by GTS distribution New data management practices Common approach to Metadata issue JCOMM/OCG & DBCP workshop for establishing a pilot project to collect in real time metadata from SST and temperature profile data (28-29 March 2006, ECMWF, UK)

22 DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation for the future… : Deployment Opportunities and Ship Time Sharing common resources Developing common strategy Programme developing countries developed countries

23 DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation for the future… : Standardization and Instrument issues Mutual benefit from common standards when appropriate Instrument calibration and validation New sensor technologies

24 DBCP - OceanSITES Cooperation for the future… : Advocacy at National / Regional / Global levels National / agency level coordination & support Enhancing collaboration with other DBCP action groups Integration into the global plans of ocean observation such as GEOSS

25 Tsunami early warning systems The coordination of tsunami early warning systems occurs via Intergovernmental Coordination Groups (ICGs) for the Pacific, Indian, and NE Atlantic/Mediterranean Seas, under the IOC, with help from other partners Sea level data needed for these systems have resulted in ambitious plans for moored sensors, and coordination with other moored platforms is key

26 Tsunami: ambitious plans Indonesian-German TEWS Buoy Positions Already deployed (Nov. 2005) Planned until mid 2008

27 Tsunami: ambitious plans A conceptual network of deep ocean gauges (advance extract from ICG/Indian Ocean report)

28 Tsunami: opportunities for coordination (III) Platform sharing Ship time coordination Technology sharing Communications An International Tsunameter Partnership for deep ocean gauges has been proposed. The concept will be further explored at the meeting of the ICG/Pacific Ocean (tentatively early May 2006, Melbourne, Australia)

29 Tsunami observations: national focal points Coordination at the national level is necessary: Australia: Mr. K. Jarrott (Vice-chair) India: Mr. K. Prem Kumar Indonesia: Wahyu Pandoe Malaysia:Mr Alui Bin Bahari Thailand:Captain Witoon Tantigoon Tanzania:Mr Shigalla Mahongo USA:Dr Eddie Bernard Germany:Dr. Joern Lanterjung Kenya: Mr Ali Mafimbo Juma Chile: Captain Rodrigo Nu ñ ez

30 continue to build the scientific case for long multidisciplinary time series continue publication of comparisons of time series with climatologies and climate products publicize the availability of data to other researchers The role of OceanSITES (IV)

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