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Fostering worldwide interoperabilityGeneva, 13-16 July 2009 IEEE Smart Grid Activities Dr. W. Charlton Adams President, IEEE Standards Association Global.

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Presentation on theme: "Fostering worldwide interoperabilityGeneva, 13-16 July 2009 IEEE Smart Grid Activities Dr. W. Charlton Adams President, IEEE Standards Association Global."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fostering worldwide interoperabilityGeneva, July 2009 IEEE Smart Grid Activities Dr. W. Charlton Adams President, IEEE Standards Association Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) 14 DOCUMENT #:GSC14-PLEN-077 FOR:Presentation - NNT SOURCE:IEEE AGENDA ITEM:7.1

2 Smart Grid Standardization

3 Smart Grid Definitions An automated, widely distributed energy delivery network characterized by a two-way flow of electricity and information, capable of monitoring and responding to changes in everything from power plants to customer preferences to individual appliances. An electricity delivery system (from point of generation to point of consumption) integrated with communications and information technology.

4 IEEEs Role in Smart Grid IEEE Utilizes the global expertise and synergy of the IEEE's 44 societies and technical councils in technical development, education, publication, and standards community IEEE-SA Baseline IEEE standards in diverse fields such as power, communications, digital information management controls technology, networking, security, reliability assessment, interconnection of distributed resources including renewable energy sources to the grid, sensors, electric metering, broadband over power line, and systems engineering uniquely position the IEEE-SA to integrate these technologies into a forward-looking platform

5 44 IEEE Technical Societies/Councils Aerospace & Electronic Systems Antennas & Propagation Broadcast Technology Circuits & Systems Communications Components, Packaging, & Manufacturing Technology Computer Computational Intelligence Consumer Electronics Control Systems Council on Electronic Design Automation Council on Superconductivity Dielectrics & Electrical Insulation Education Electromagnetic Compatibility Electron Devices Engineering in Medicine & Biology Geosciences & Remote Sensing Industrial Electronics Industry Applications Information Theory Intelligent Transportation Systems Instrumentation & Measurement Lasers & Electro-Optics Magnetics Microwave Theory & Techniques Nanotechnology Council Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Oceanic Engineering Power Electronics Power Engineering Product Safety Engineering Professional Communication Reliability Robotics & Automation Sensors Council Signal Processing Social Implications of Technology Solid-State Circuits Systems Council Systems, Man, & Cybernetics Technology Management Council Ultrasonic's, Ferroelectrics, & Frequency Control Vehicular Technology

6 Interoperability - Distributed Energy Resources (DER) on Transmission and Distribution Distribution System Communications – Information Flow, Data Management, Monitor & Control Substations DER Interconnecti ons Transmission System Bulk Power Combined Heat & Power Load Management sensor s Systems Approach Interconnection & Interfaces Technical Standards Advanced Technologies Systems Integration (Also, larger DER on transmission) sensor s

7 December 2008: IEEE-SA initiated the development of a project strategy in anticipation of the NIST recommendations in 2009 March 2009: IEEE-SA initiates P2030 activity Chair: Richard DeBlasio Vice Chair: Tom Prevost Secretary: Tom Basso May 2009: NIST Initial Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework, Release 1.0 Smart Grid Project Background

8 AMI-SEC System Security Requirements Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and Smart Grid end-to-end security ANSI C12.19/MC1219Revenue metering information model BAC net ANSI ASHRAE /ISO Building automation DNP3 Substation and feeder device automation IEC / TASE.2Inter-control center communications IEC 61850Substation automation and protection IEC 61968/61970 Application level energy management system interfaces IEC Parts 1-8 Information security for power system control operations IEEE C Phasor measurement unit (PMU) communications IEEE 1547 Physical and electrical interconnections between utility and distributed generation (DG) IEEE Security for intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) NERC CIP Cyber security standards for the bulk power system NIST Special Publication (SP) , NIST SP Cyber security standards and guidelines for federal information systems, including those for the bulk power system Open Automated Demand Response (Open ADR) Price responsive and direct load control OpenHANHome Area Network device communication, measurement, and control ZigBee/HomePlug Smart Energy Profile Home Area Network (HAN) Device Communications and Information Model NIST Initial Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework

9 Smart Grid Project Background (continued) June 2009: First P2030 meeting with more than 300 attendees in person and remote access 2009: IEEE with P2030 positioned to address member and NIST recommendations

10 Bridge of Discovery Energy Information Communications IEEE P2030 Guide to Interoperability Body of Smart Grid Standards Energy Information Communications Interoperability

11 Scope and Purpose Scope: This document provides guidelines for smart grid interoperability. This guide provides a knowledge base addressing terminology, characteristics, functional performance and evaluation criteria, and the application of engineering principles for smart grid interoperability of the electric power system with end use applications and loads. The guide discusses alternate approaches to good practices for the smart grid. Purpose: This standard provides guidelines in understanding and defining smart grid interoperability of the electric power system with end-use applications and loads. Integration of energy technology and information and communications technology is necessary to achieve seamless operation for electric generation, delivery, and end-use benefits to permit two way power flow with communication and control. Interconnection and intra-facing frameworks and strategies with design definitions are addressed in this standard, providing guidance in expanding the current knowledge base. This expanded knowledge base is needed as a key element in grid architectural designs and operation to promote a more reliable and flexible electric power system. IEEE P2030, Draft Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-Use Applications and Loads

12 IEEE SCC21 P2030 Meeting First meeting June 3-5; hosted by Intel Over 300 in attendance (in-person and remote access) Discussion, level setting, planning for future work. No motions and voting at the meeting Three Task Force breakout sessions: Power Engineering Technology Task Force Leader: Sam Sciacca, Microsol, Inc. and Tom Prevost, Weidman Diagnostic Solutions Information Technology Task Force Leader: Bob Grow, Intel Communications Technology Task Force Leader: Stefano Galli, Panasonic R&D Co of America/Bob Heile, Chair-IEEE and Zigbee Alliance Task Forces to address: Smart Grid Definitions, Topologies, Interoperability, end-use, interfaces, and integration, etc.) Systems Approach –focused on Functional and Performance Attributes including Test and Verification methods

13 IEEE SCC21 P2030 Meeting Results: A lot of brainstorming and from that, some general conclusions; e.g. IT had good support for starting with the NIST Design Expert Working Groups as initial demarcation points for separation of utility function from customers, generation facilities (including home generation), etc. There was general agreement that significant liaison between Task Forces will be required, e.g. The Power Task Force will be requesting capabilities and proposing assumptions for the capabilities to be delivered by the Communications and IT TFs All 3 Task Forces will be meeting either via teleconference or in- person prior to the next P2030 meeting October timeframe, possibly hosted by IBM Overall: a very positive and collaborative first meeting

14 Task Force 1: Power Engineering Technology TF-1 will focus on functional requirements of interoperability 6 Work Groups Energy Sources Transmission Transmission Substation Distribution Load Side (Working Title) Cybersecurity Outreach for input/participation Collaboration with TF-2 and TF-3 Contact: Sam Sciacca Tom Prevost

15 Task Force 2: Information Technology Privacy – support different ownership of data (aggregation enhances, high granularity compromises) Security – intrusion prevention and detection, focused on demarcs Data Integrity – undetected error requirements, communications and storage Safety – human (support for overides), device and grid Customer requires multi-manager (utility and customer) for both status and control Begin with interfaces to define interoperability demarcation points Also will consider intrafaces (within a cloud) Focus on object-oriented device/function definitions o Accommodate dumb devices (aggregated) o Data structures, definitions and formats Contact: Bob Grow

16 AB Task Forces 1 & 2 Define information attributes (Where, When, Who, What) Task Force 3 Addresses communications interoperability between devices within SmartGrid Describe layers above PHY/MAC and below Layer 6 Neutral to PHY/MAC standards used in the Smart Grid PHY/MAC standards are being developed by other groups Interoperability of electric power systems with end use applications and loads should be maintained regardless of the PHY/MAC PHY/MAC Task Force 3: Communications Technology Contact: Stefano Galli Bob Heile

17 Observations Smart grid Standards will extend across the entire grid (i.e., need interoperability standards (top down) and building block standards (bottom up). Smart grid Equipment Standards will be needed to handle information data management, communications and control. Flexible smart grid system Interoperability Design and operational Standards will allow near term and long term smart grid evolution. Development of a body of Interoperability Smart grid Standards need to be initiated now.

18 Global Commitment Smart Grid standardization will be a broad global collaborative effort across multiple communities Standards development organizations Government organizations Private sector

19 For more information on IEEEs 2030 Project Chair Richard DeBlasio National Renewable Energy Laboratory (phone) Secretary Thomas S. Basso National Renewable Energy Laboratory (phone) Richard DeBlasio Thomas S. Basso Standards Liaison Bill Ash IEEE (phone) Bill Ash

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