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Common Alerting Protocol in the U.S. National Weather Service WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION WMO INFORMATION SYSTEM (WIS) Common Alerting Protocol (CAP)

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Presentation on theme: "Common Alerting Protocol in the U.S. National Weather Service WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION WMO INFORMATION SYSTEM (WIS) Common Alerting Protocol (CAP)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Common Alerting Protocol in the U.S. National Weather Service WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION WMO INFORMATION SYSTEM (WIS) Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) Implementation Workshop Geneva, Switzerland, 6-7 April 2011 Herb White NOAA National Weather Service Silver Spring, Maryland USA Herb White NOAA National Weather Service Silver Spring, Maryland USA

2 Presentation Outline Vision Alerting authorities Progress to date Roadmap Future Questions and Discussion Vision Alerting authorities Progress to date Roadmap Future Questions and Discussion

3 3 The nations alert and warning system continues to evolve from over forty years ago The Emergency Broadcasting System (EBS) was initiated to allow the President to address the nation through audible alerts. It did not allow for targeted messaging. The Primary Entry Point Advisory Committee (PEPAC) was established to manage the Primary Entry Point (PEP) program for FEMA. The Emergency Alert System (EAS) was initiated to replace EBS. The Federal Communications Commission began to enforce EAS Compliance in FEMA established the IPAWS program to achieve the end state of Executive Order 13407, which the President signed in June IPAWS is…to have an effective, reliable integrated, flexible, and comprehensive system to alert and warn the American people in situations of war, terrorist attack, natural disaster or other hazards to public safety and well being. – Executive Order A Bit of History Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS)

4 IPAWS Vision Timely Alert And Warning To American Citizens In The Preservation of Life And Property Television Radio Cell Phone Computer Home Phone Public Signage Alerting Authorities; Federal, State, territorial, tribal, and local IPAWS Alert Aggregators (CMAS) Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) 4

5 Alert Disseminators (public alerting systems) American People IPAWS Architecture Standards Based Alert Message protocols, authenticated alert message senders, shared, trusted access & distribution networks, alerts delivered to more public interface devices cell phones, pagers Web Browsers, widgets, applications Emergency Alert System Commercial Mobile Alert System Internet Services NOAA Alert Aggregator/ Gateway the Message Router (Open Platform for Emergency Networks) HazCollect Federal* State Territorial Tribal Local State / Local Unique Alerting Systems Siren Digital Signage ETN FM RBDS NWS CAP messages Cellular and Commercial Mobile Networks AM FM Satellite Radio; Digital, Analog, Cable, and Satellite TV IPAWS compliant CAP Alert Origination Tools IPAWS OPEN Emergency Future Technologies Alerting Authorities * Includes NOAA IPAWS compliant CAP Alert Origination Tools 5

6 Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS) Available to Public in April 2012 Serves the general public and is Opt-out (not opt-in) Requires CMAS compatible phone, but all major carriers have volunteered to participate Provides information relevant to the users current location Users only receive alerts for imminent threats First version limits message length to 90 characters and does not allow embedded links Point to multipoint radio broadcast from cell tower (not point to point SMS text message) 6

7 U.S. NOAA National Weather Service Authorities The National Weather Service Organic Act of 1890, currently codified as amended in section 313 of title 15 of the federal statutory code (called the United States Code) authorizes the National Weather Service to issue and distribute warnings of environmental hazards. The authority is summarized as: The NWS provides weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters and ocean areas, for the protection of life and property and the enhancement of the national economy. NWS data and products form a national information database and infrastructure which can be used by other governmental agencies, the private sector, the public, and the global community. The National Weather Service all-hazards support authority emanates primarily from the National Response Framework as authorized by The Homeland Security Act of 2002, codified predominantly as amended in sections 101 to 557 of title 6 of the United States Code, and The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, codified as amended sections 5121 to 5206 of title 42 of the United States Code. The NWS supports the Emergency Alert System and provides, in coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, public dissemination of critical pre-event and post-event information of all hazards, including natural disasters and terrorist events. The National Weather Service Organic Act of 1890, currently codified as amended in section 313 of title 15 of the federal statutory code (called the United States Code) authorizes the National Weather Service to issue and distribute warnings of environmental hazards. The authority is summarized as: The NWS provides weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters and ocean areas, for the protection of life and property and the enhancement of the national economy. NWS data and products form a national information database and infrastructure which can be used by other governmental agencies, the private sector, the public, and the global community. The National Weather Service all-hazards support authority emanates primarily from the National Response Framework as authorized by The Homeland Security Act of 2002, codified predominantly as amended in sections 101 to 557 of title 6 of the United States Code, and The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, codified as amended sections 5121 to 5206 of title 42 of the United States Code. The NWS supports the Emergency Alert System and provides, in coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, public dissemination of critical pre-event and post-event information of all hazards, including natural disasters and terrorist events. 7

8 Sample NWS Efforts in XML & CAP for Emergency Messages 8 ActionDate RSS feeds by state, county and aggregated national feeds2003 to present Experimental and evolving CAP v to March 2011 Experimental Atom index feed2008 to March 2011 HazCollect experimental - Non-weather emergency message CAP authoring and NOAA Weather Radio/Emergency Alert System broadcast service for civil authorities 2006 to 2009 HazCollect operational2009 to present CAP v1.1 and Atom index feed operational15 March 2011

9 HazCollect Overview Emergency Message Flow 9

10 NWS CAP Roadmap 10 Milestone/GoalDate CAP v1.2 Adopted by FEMA for IPAWS30 September 2010 CAP v1.1 Operational in NWS at alerts.weather.gov/cap15 March 2011 NWS CAP guide on public collaborative wiki to prepare for CAP v1.2Spring 2011 CAP v1.2 (IPAWS Compliant) Experimental in NWSFall 2011 NWS CAP push to FEMA IPAWS Aggregator in time for CMASWinter 2011/ Spring 2012 CAP v1.2 OperationalEarly 2012 Native production of NWS CAP messages using NWS next generation warning tool gives forecasters enhanced control over CAP content) 2013

11 Challenges Transform NWS information and dissemination systems from WMO-formatted products to create and distribute XML/CAP formats Collaboratively define CAP parameters for weather alerts NWS creation of CMAMtext for CMAS (maximum 90-character alert message) until 2013 Transform NWS information and dissemination systems from WMO-formatted products to create and distribute XML/CAP formats Collaboratively define CAP parameters for weather alerts NWS creation of CMAMtext for CMAS (maximum 90-character alert message) until

12 NWS Today 12 CAP Message

13 NWS with Next Generation Warning Tool (2013) CAP Message Information Database 13

14 CAP IPAWS Profile says Messages intended for CMAS dissemination MAY include an instance of with a of "CMAMtext" and a containing free form text limited in length to 90 English characters. CMAMtext NWS 90 characters go here Messages intended for CMAS dissemination MAY include an instance of with a of "CMAMtext" and a containing free form text limited in length to 90 English characters. CMAMtext NWS 90 characters go here 14

15 CAP Wiki to Encourage Collaboration with Users and Developers (Spring 2011) NWS CAP usage guide –Defines how NWS information is provided within our CAP compliant messages Collaborative environment for developers Self-help Developer feedback encouraged Monitored by NWS NWS CAP usage guide –Defines how NWS information is provided within our CAP compliant messages Collaborative environment for developers Self-help Developer feedback encouraged Monitored by NWS 15

16 Increase Warning Effectiveness by Personalizing the Threat Works across multiple alerting systems Simplifies task of activating a warning – Write once, distribute many times 16 Link to photo/video demonstrating the call to action Just in time training on your TV or cell phone Works across languages Warning effectiveness Improved response Example of Possible Future CAP Content

17 Flexibility and Agility 17 Focus on content Nimble: Can add parameters without impacting user parsing (NWS, not partners and users, will be our limiting factors) Can include additional parameters for Decision Support Can include real-time information to substantiate the alert NWSStormMotionDescription T12:46:00-06: DEG...20KT StormReport ,-76.82:Woodstock, MD:Trees down on I-70 Snow 12 or more inches Examples of Possible Future CAP Parameters

18 Questions and Discussion? Herb White Dissemination Services Manager NOAA National Weather Service Silver Spring, Maryland, USA

19 Supporting Slides

20 Future: Better Tools for Communicating Impact value Immediate Expected Future Past value Extreme Severe Moderate Minor value Observed Likely Possible Unlikely value Immediate Expected Future Past value Extreme Severe Moderate Minor value Observed Likely Possible Unlikely 20 Severe Thunderstorm Warning Immediate Severe Likely Today: Pre-assigned from table of NWS alert types Crippling 1/2 snow squall Immediate Severe Likely 2013: Assigned by forecaster using next generation warning tool

21 HazCollect All-Hazards Emergency Message Collection System NWS Mission – Relay critical pre- and post-event information on NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards (NWR) and other dissemination systems. Provides CAP Alert authoring tools to emergency responders and government officials for efficient distribution of alert and warning information to affected population in the event of an emergency. –HazCollect Service is integrated into the NWS Telecommunications Gateway operations and backup architecture –Message Examples: Hazardous Materials Warning, Fire Warning, Evacuation Warning, Shelter-in-Place Warning, Amber Alert, Nuclear Power Plant Warning, Civil Emergency Message Enables wider distribution of Non-Weather Emergency Messages to: –NWS dissemination systems including NOAA Weather Radio and NOAA Weather Wire –Emergency Alert System (EAS) –CAP-enabled distributors –Weather enterprise, news media, and others that monitor and distribute NWS data streams NWS Mission – Relay critical pre- and post-event information on NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards (NWR) and other dissemination systems. Provides CAP Alert authoring tools to emergency responders and government officials for efficient distribution of alert and warning information to affected population in the event of an emergency. –HazCollect Service is integrated into the NWS Telecommunications Gateway operations and backup architecture –Message Examples: Hazardous Materials Warning, Fire Warning, Evacuation Warning, Shelter-in-Place Warning, Amber Alert, Nuclear Power Plant Warning, Civil Emergency Message Enables wider distribution of Non-Weather Emergency Messages to: –NWS dissemination systems including NOAA Weather Radio and NOAA Weather Wire –Emergency Alert System (EAS) –CAP-enabled distributors –Weather enterprise, news media, and others that monitor and distribute NWS data streams 21


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