Presentation on theme: "Expected Result 4 Integration of WMO Observing Systems Strategic Thrust 1: Science and Technology Development and Implementation Doc 4.4 RA V Fifteenth."— Presentation transcript:
Expected Result 4 Integration of WMO Observing Systems Strategic Thrust 1: Science and Technology Development and Implementation Doc 4.4 RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
Outline of the document A (4.4.2 – ): Atmospheric Observations –Regional Basic Synoptic Network (RBSN) and Regional Basic Climatological Network (RBCN) –Aircraft Observations –Atmospheric Chemical Composition and UV Measurements B ( – ): Marine & Oceanographic Observations C (4.4.17) : Terrestrial Observation: Water cycle D ( –4.4.20) : Terrestrial Observation –Polar Observations –Global Cryosphere Watch (GCW)
Outline of the document (cont.) E ( – ): Cross-cutting Aspects –Space-based observation –Instrument Standards and Best Practices –Radio-Frequency Coordination –Evolution of the GOS –Observing System Experiments (OSEs) F ( – ) : Coordination of Climate observations G ( ): WIGOS –Implementation of the WIGOS concept –WIGOS Pilot Projects (WPP) –WIGOS Demonstration Projects (WDP) : Cooperation with GEOSS
Atmospheric Observations Decision on Basic Stations –RBSN (Resolution 4.4/1) - Inf. 5.1 –RBCN (Resolution 4.4/2) – Inf. 5.2 –Manual on Global Observing System (WMO No. 544), Volume II – Regional Aspects, Region V. The Association appreciated the work done by the Lead Centre in Melbourne for monitoring the data availability and quality and offering a quality monitoring service for all Members of RA V. 4
Atmospheric Observations (cont.) AMDAR: 12 th AMDAR Panel meting (Toulouse, November 2009) regarding the further promotion of AMDAR in the Region: –A new AMDAR Pilot Project encompassing areas of the South-West Pacific. –Recently development of AMDAR water vapor sensor currently under test in the USA and Europe The Association: –Encourage members to extend AMDAR coverage –Support the AMDAR Pilot Project 5
About 250,000 AMDAR observations per day disseminated on the GTS The availability of AMDAR profiles in data sparse regions of Southern Africa, Eastern Europe, parts of the Russian Federation, South and East Asia and South America have significantly increased over the past few years. 12 th AMDAR Panel meeting, a new AMDAR Pilot Project encompass areas of South-West Pacific, RA V encourage Members to support the project. ATMOSPHERIC - AMDAR obs. 6
Atmospheric Observations (cont.) Atmospheric Chemical Composition and UV Measurements The Association recognized: the important support by Members for GAW stations in the Region: –Australia –Indonesia –Malaysia –New Zealand and, –USA (Mauna Loa and America Samoa) 7
Marine and Oceanographic observations Marine observation –RA V noted the implementation of marine observing networks had continued to expand, thanks to the Members –In particular the Research Moored Array for the Africa- Asia-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (RAMA) is now 52% completed and still developing. WMO-IOC RMIC –JCOMM – III (Morocco, Nov. 2009) decide to establish WMO-IOC Regional Marine Instruments Centre (RMIC). –RA V Invited Members to offer such facilities to improve data and observational products quality. 8
Terrestrial & Polar Observations Water cycle –The Association noted the activities carried out by the experts of the RA V Working Group on Hydrology (RA V-WGH) related to the Pacific-HYCOS and the progress on developing a WHYCOS component for the South-East Asian countries. Polar Observation –IPY observation legacy initiatives through the EC Panel of Experts on Polar Observations, Research and Services (EC-PORS). –High priority of polar observation in support research and servces. –Interested Members to provide EC PORS with a contact for their Antarctic activities. Global Cryosphere Watch (GCW) –GCW would be an integrator between weather, water, climate and the cryosphere and request EC-PORS to provide oversight and support for GCW. 9
Cross-cutting: Space-based observation GOS Vision in 2025: address climate observations –Hyperspectral Sounders from GEO and LEO –Constellation of radio-occultation sounders –Continuity of Altimetry for ocean surface wind –Constellation of global precipitation measurements Geostationary Satellites covering RA V and transition –GOES series (USA) GOES-R series –MTSAT-1R (Japan) Himawari – 8 –FY-2D/E (China) FY-4 series –Kalpana(India) Polar and Geostationary Satellites covering RA V –NOAA – 19 (USA) –Metop – 3 (EUMETSAT) –FY-3A (China) –Meteor-M (Russian Federation) –Jason-2 (Joint ocean mission, EUMETSAT, USA and France) 10
Cross-cutting Instrument Standards and Best Practices –EC-LXI had adopted revised Terms of Reference (ToRs) for Regional Instrument Centres (RICs) and Regional Radiation Centres (RRCs) –The Association requested its Members who operate RICs to declare their level of capability under the new ToRs. Evolution of the Global Observing Systems (GOS) –RA notes valuable contributions from RA V Members to the GOS Vision 2025; expecting contribution to GOS 2025 Implementation Plan Observing Systems Experiments (OSEs) –The Association requested major RA V NWP Centres to continue their OSE experiments so as to contribution to the future observing system development. Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) –RA noted GCOS Technical Support Project for the Pacific Islands and CBS Lead Centre for GCOS Data in the Region, leading to improved performance of RBCN, GSN and GUAN, thanks to the donor countries. –Encourage Members to support the proposed GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network (GRUAN), Ozone and Aerosol networks. RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May
W MO I NTEGRATED G LOBAL O BSERVING S YSTEM (WIGOS) WMO Global Observing Systems Global Observing Systems (WWW GOS) Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) The World Hydrological Cycle Observing System (WHYCOS) WMO Space Programme WMO Co-sponsored Observing Systems (GCOS, GOOS and GTOS)
GOS Space-based development RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
Convergence of N.Hem and S.Hem Medium Range Forecast skill 1981 – 2004 RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
El Niño Challenges: Climate Variability and Change, increasing society needs for improved services: GFCS Hail&Lightning Avalanches Flash floods Tornadoes Wildland fires & haze Hot & cold spells Heavy precipitations (rain or snow) Droughts Storm surges Storm (winds) River basin flooding Mud & landslides Ice Storms Tropical cyclones Dust storms RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
A Seamless Climate Prediction Framework Forecast Lead Time Warnings & Alert Coordination Watches Forecasts Threats Assessments Guidance Outlook Predictio n ApplicationsTransportationTransportation Protection of Life & Property Space Applications RecreationRecreation EcosystemEcosystem State/Local Planning EnvironmentEnvironment Water Management A griculture Water Resource Planning EnergyEnergy CommerceCommerce HydropowerHydropower Fire Weather HealthHealth ForecastUncertaintyForecastUncertainty Initial Conditions Boundary Conditions Minutes Hours Days 1 Week 2 Weeks Months Seasons Years Weather Climate Variability Scenarios Anthropogenic Forcing Climate Change. Adapted from: NOAA Decades Centuries RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
Studying Earth as a Complex System Circulation Surface Winds Precipitation Reflection and Transmission Surface Temperature EvaporationCurrentsUpwellingCirculation Surface Winds Precipitation Reflection and Transmission Surface Temperature EvaporationCurrentsUpwelling InfiltrationRunoff Nutrient Loading Surface Temperature CurrentsInfiltrationRunoff Nutrient Loading Surface Temperature Currents Surface Winds Precipitation Reflection and Transmission EvaporationTranspiration Surface Temperature Surface Winds Precipitation Reflection and Transmission EvaporationTranspiration Surface Temperature Land Ocean Atmosphere RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
Need an Integrated Global Observing System Going Beyond the WWW RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
WIGOS: Overview CONGRESS XV (2007) High priority -- Towards Enhanced Integration between the WMO Observing Systems (WIGOS) WMO Executive Council Established a WG on WIGOS-WIS –Develop an WIGOS Implementation Plan –Refine the WIS-Implementation Plan –Monitor the Progress of the Pilot and Demo projects RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
WIGOS Vision WIGOS will establish an integrated, comprehensive and coordinated observing system to satisfy in a cost- effective and sustained manner the evolving observing requirements of WMO Members and enhance coordination with partners for the benefit of society. RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
What will WIGOS be? Integrated WMO Observing System: –comprehensive –sustainable to address obs. requirements of all WMO Programmes in a coordinated and cost-effective manner; Framework facilitating standardization and interoperability for improved: –availability –quality –utilization –access etc. of weather, climate & water information
WDIP June 2006 May 2007 June 2008 June 2009 June 2010 May 2011 EC-LVIIIEC-LXEC-LXIEC-LXIICg-XV Cg-XVI EC LVIII initiated work toward enhanced integration between the WMO observing systems; establishes EC Task Team on WIGOS Cg-XV decided to embark on WIGOS via Res. 30 (CG XV); initiated WMO Programme and structural changes; EC-LIX established EC WG on WIGOS/WIS; EC LX agreed to WIGOS Concept of Operations and WIGOS Development and Implementation Plan V1.1 CBS XIV Review progress and update plans as appropriate Review progress, update plans; Pilot Projects completed and evaluated; Propose changes to Tech Regs, structure, etc; Prepare for CG XVI Cg-XVI receives final report of EC WG WIGOS/WIS CONCEPT REALITY REALITY NOW RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
2/21/ WDIP Testing( )Implementation( ) WMORegulatoryMaterial WIGOS Phases Operations ( … ) CONOPS WIGOSImperative WDIS W I P CONOPS WIGOSManual : Reference for
QMF Standards Instruments and methods of observation standards WIS Standards for Data & Metadata exchange & Discovery, Access and Retrieval (DAR) Services Observations for Weather, Climate, Water, Ocean, … Data Processing and Forecasting Archiving Users Active Quality Management Three areas of Integrations/Standardizations RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
WIGOS Pilot & Demo Projects WIGOS Pilot Projects for: – CIMO – JCOMM – AMDAR – GAW – Global Hydrological Network – Satellite Systems integration (GSICS) – GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network ( GRUAN) WIGOS Regional Demonstration Projects RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
2/21/ WIGOS Development and Implementation Strategy (WDIS) Draft WDIS proposed by EC-WG/WIGOS-WIS with a view to presenting it to Cg-XVI; RAs and TCs are requested to incorporate WIGOS implementation activities into their operating plans and work programmes. RAs are requested to: develop their regional WIGOS implementation plans; coordinate WIGOS implementation activities; establish WIGOS-related Task Teams; and initiate regionally focused WIGOS-WIS activities.
2/21/ WDIS: WIGOS & WIS WIGOS & WIS - a framework enabling the integration and optimized evolution of WMO observing and information systems, and WMOs contribution to co-sponsored systems. Members support is critical to provide additional resources in the form of: contributions to the WIGOS Trust Fund and secondment services to the Secretariat during the WIGOS Implementation phase to ensure successful WIGOS implementation.
2/21/ RA V Guidance for future development and implementation of WIGOS Strong support for the further development of WIGOS; Noted with appreciation the Regional Demonstration Project conducted by Australia; request new WIGOS WG collaborate with WIGOS DP Request RA V relevant Regional WIGOS Working Bodies to develop the Regional WIGOS Implementation Plan, and include the relevant tasks and activities in their work plans, taking into consideration of Regional special requirements; Urged and encouraged Members participate actively in the WIGOS relevant activities (AMDAR, RMIC, GRUAN, etc) Underlined the importance of the active collaboration of Members and Regional Working Bodies.
2/21/ WIGOS Benefits Enable WMO Members to meet expanding national mandates which are calling for increasing coordination and integration to help them better respond to natural hazards, improve weather, water, climate and related environmental monitoring, and adapt to climate change and other environmental impacts; Enhance operational components of WMO Programmes, especially in Developing and LDCs; Ensure essential WMO support for the observational and information elements of the future GFCS; Contribute strongly to GOOS, GTOS, GCOS and GEOSS.
WIGOS Web Page RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010
WIGOS: let`s work together from concept to reality RA V Fifteenth Session, Bali, INDONIESIA, 30 April to 6 May 2010