Presentation on theme: "Phytosanitary Risk Analysis – the New Zealand Experience"— Presentation transcript:
1Phytosanitary Risk Analysis – the New Zealand Experience Dr Mike OrmsbySenior Adviser Risk AnalysisBiosecurity New ZealandOctober 2005
2Overview Scope of the New Zealand phytosanitary risk analysis system The international regulatory framework in phytosanitary trade issues as it applies to New ZealandThe New Zealand phytosanitary risk analysis systemA risk management decision making framework, and input from risk analysis.
3Scope of NZ Phytosanitary RAs All pests of plants (phytosanitary)All commodities on which pests of plants may pose a risk (e.g. plant material, animal material, inanimate objects)Consequences for pests of plants includes impacts on all values (e.g.Environment (urban, natural, flora, fauna, marine (amenity values))Health (human (societal) physical and emotional health (cultural, aesthetic conditions etc))Economic (primary production, environmental, direct and indirect))
4International regulatory framework New Zealand is a signatory to three international agreements relevant to the management of phytosanitary-related trade issues.The agreement of sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS agreement)International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)The Convention for Biological Diversity (CBD)
5SPS AgreementSPS Agreement enables sanitary and phytosanitary measures to be taken, in the context of trade, to protect human, animal or plant life or health, provided that those measures either conform to international standards OR are scientifically justified on the basis of assessment of risks
7Outcomes New Zealand’s phytosanitary RA framework must be: consistent with the IPPC standards where measures are to be applied to protect plant healthmeet the requirements of the SPS when developing measures to protect all other values potentially impacted by plant pests e.g. animal or human health, or the environment
8System Design Parameters The New Zealand risk analysis framework must meet:1. International Requirementscombine both the OIE and IPPC frameworksmeet IPPC and SPS requirements2. Domestic Expectationsbe Effective, Efficient, Transparent, and Consistentmitigate risks to all values.
10NZ phytosanitary risk analysis system Project PlanningProject Plan (e.g. time lines, deliverables etc)Communication Strategy (e.g. peer review, consultation etc)Risk Criteria(e.g. Hazard = Potential hazard or Not a potential hazardConsequence = Negligible or Non-NegligibleLikelihoods = Negligible or Non-Negligible)Hazard IdentificationHazard Scoping (e.g. grouping like hazards)
11NZ phytosanitary risk analysis system Risk Assessment (Risk = Consequence x Likelihood (of each identified hazard))Overall Risk Estimation (for each hazard)Assessment of Uncertainty (for assumptions and risk estimates)Evaluation of Mitigation Options (against the acceptable level of risk)Assessment of Residual Risk (what risk is left?)Peer Review (by external experts)
12NZ phytosanitary risk analysis system Close OutConsultationClose out report (report on things that went wrong, and things that went right)Records Management (ensure supporting information is maintained for future review)
14Uncertainty and Residual Risk Identifying UncertaintyAids in identifying weaknesses in analysisAids in developing research priorities in support of risk analysisMeasuring Residual RiskAids in monitoring effectiveness of measures (know what failure is)Informs risk management decision maker
15CONCLUSIONIt is possible to adapt existing risk assessment frameworks (IPPC and OIE) to address all (phytosanitary and other) biological risks from pests of plantsProject management disciplines aid significantly in delivering consistency and efficiency to the risk analysis program.The risk analysis program can independently inform the risk management decision making process
16Protecting New Zealand’s natural advantage New Zealanders, our unique natural resources, our plants and animals are protected from damaging pests and diseases.Dr Mike OrmsbyBiosecurity New Zealand