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Netherlands Plant Protection Service 1 THE IPPC and PRA: Global harmonisation benefits the environment and plant biodiversity Bram de Hoop International.

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Presentation on theme: "Netherlands Plant Protection Service 1 THE IPPC and PRA: Global harmonisation benefits the environment and plant biodiversity Bram de Hoop International."— Presentation transcript:

1 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 1 THE IPPC and PRA: Global harmonisation benefits the environment and plant biodiversity Bram de Hoop International Standards Adviser Holland

2 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 2 THIS PRESENTATION §The IPPC: a rock between two bolders §Global harmonisation: PRA & Standard Setting §PRA & NEW elements of risk analysis §PRA: Who is to benefit?

3 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 3 WTO IPPC: A rock between two bolders IPPC TRADE LEGAL FRAMEWORK BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION FRAMEWORK IPPC advantages: - national plant protection organisations - expertise, inspectors, legal framework - direct contact with stakeholders CBD

4 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 4 WTO: MORE BUREAUCRACY? Duration of trade rounds: ?

5 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 5 CBD: CLEARING HOUSE? INFORMATION Regulating authorities? INCLUDING NPPOs

6 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 6 How to develop regulations? 1. STANDARD SETTING 2. Pest Risk Analysis

7 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 7 OVERVIEW PRA §STAGE 1: Initiation - What triggers a PRA? §STAGE 2: Pest Risk Assessment - Can the pest enter, establish and have an impact? §STAGE 3: Pest Risk Management - How to manage the risk?

8 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 8 Mitigation requires assessment Risk requires mitigation Identify hazard(s) Estimate the likelihood of occurrence Estimate the magnitude of the consequences Develop conclusions and describe uncertainty Develop recommendations and describe uncertainty Evaluate mitigation options for: -Efficacy -Feasibility -Impacts Identify mitigation options Risk Assessment Risk Management Initiation Reason PRA:Pest outbreak, Interception, Request for import, Validation of new risks Initiation Netherlands Plant Protection Service Decisionmaking - List and selection management options - Publish phytosanitary measures - Notify FAO, EPPO and WTO No measures STOP?? Decisionmaking

9 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 9 INPUTS FOR PRA §Laboratory §Up-to-date literature and statistical data §Experts (risks - pests - plants - measures) §Decision makers §Time …

10 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 10 ENVIRONMENT PRA Whats new? COMMODITY IS PEST! MORE FOCUS ON WEEDS Habitat instead of host! Gladiolus segetum weed in France Quarantine pest Australia

11 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 11 MOST IMPORTANT: Liaison with other sectors FORESTRY & AGRICULTUR E TRADE PUBLIC CONCERNS NATURE conservation

12 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 12 Why do Risk Analysis? §To identify risk. §To identify costs and benefits. §To manage risks. §TO JUSTIFY MEASURES. Netherlands Plant Protection Service

13 13 How to protect plant biodiversity? (Source: Fleischer, G. (1998) Ökonomische Bewertungskriterien in der Pflanzenschutzpolitik - Das Beispsiel des Zulassungsverfahresn., Landwirtschaft und Umwelt Band 15. Kiel, Vauk. 1. PROHIBITION HIGH MEDIUM LOW

14 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 14 How to protect plant biodiversity? (Source: Fleischer, G. (1998) Ökonomische Bewertungskriterien in der Pflanzenschutzpolitik - Das Beispsiel des Zulassungsverfahresn., Landwirtschaft und Umwelt Band 15. Kiel, Vauk. 2. Risk analysis: ZERO RISK HIGH MEDIUM LOW

15 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 15 How to protect plant biodiversity? (Source: Fleischer, G. (1998) Ökonomische Bewertungskriterien in der Pflanzenschutzpolitik - Das Beispsiel des Zulassungsverfahresn., Landwirtschaft und Umwelt Band 15. Kiel, Vauk. HIGH MEDIUM LOW 3. MARKET FORCES

16 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 16 How to protect plant biodiversity? (Source: Fleischer, G. (1998) Ökonomische Bewertungskriterien in der Pflanzenschutzpolitik - Das Beispsiel des Zulassungsverfahresn., Landwirtschaft und Umwelt Band 15. Kiel, Vauk. HIGH MEDIUM LOW 4. RISK ANALYSIS + STAKEHOLDERS

17 Netherlands Plant Protection Service 17 The bottom line…. Gladiolus segetum Always to be remembered


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