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European structural funds contribute to the inclusion of marginalised communities in Île-de- France The case of Val-de-Marne Learning cluster 2 Karvina.

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Presentation on theme: "European structural funds contribute to the inclusion of marginalised communities in Île-de- France The case of Val-de-Marne Learning cluster 2 Karvina."— Presentation transcript:

1 European structural funds contribute to the inclusion of marginalised communities in Île-de- France The case of Val-de-Marne Learning cluster 2 Karvina 17-19 avril 2012 1

2 2 20/02/2014 1 Île-de-France Context 2

3 3 20/02/2014 Ile-de-France portrait 8 departments 12 012 km² of which 80% of natural or agricultural areas 11,7 million inhabitants 19% of the French population of which 57% under 40 years olds GDP: 552 million A rich region that presents large disparities: Seine-Saint-Denis is the department with the highest level of poverty in France 77 900 homeless people in Ile-de-France (report IAU – 01/2010)

4 4 20/02/2014 Roma population in Ile-de-France Approximately 10 000 to 15 000 Romani people in France (1st semester of 2010) Stable figure since 2005 About 5 000 Romani people in Île-de-France, Half of them in Seine- Saint-Denis (2 500 to 3 000 people) Approximately 50 Roma camps in Seine-Saint-Denis

5 5 20/02/2014 Political context Many actions are leaden by local authorities in favor of Roma Inclusion: Health and social care Implementation of integration and accommodation tools The Regional Council has implemented a budget line for reducing slums/shantytowns ( 1M per year) The Acceleration of expulsions from camps in the summer of 2010, increased the difficulties and the needs specially regarding health and social care Various local authorities are willing to find common solutions (It has been proposed to organize regional workshops between the different local authorities)

6 6 20/02/2014 Implementation of French bylaw The Circular of the Interministerial Spatial Planning and Regional Attractiveness (DATAR) of March 16th, 2011 Definition of marginalized communities: Marginalized communities are or vulnerable people who face severe housing problems in a given territory, and a plurality of challenges (in areas such as health care, employment, training, schooling, transport, etc..) and whose inclusion in society requires appropriate support through an integrated approach. " Eligible actions: "Credits under the European Development Fund (EDF) will be equally allocated to the rehabilitation of existing housing, precarious housing demolition, and construction of housing and transformation of use of buildings for housing to provide accommodation for a marginalized community such as previously defined»

7 7 20/02/2014 Implementation of French bylaw Results of the consultation launched by the Regional Prefecture to tackle the needs related to the fostering the insertion by housing for marginalized communities: Approximate budget to tackle housing the needs : more than 70M; Various type of public: Romani population, travelers, migrant workers, women victims of violence, tenants of substandard housing; Different types of intervention: travelers areas, plot of land for families, modular housing, individual housing construction, rehabilitation of social residences, welcome centers for migrants. Difficulties related to the implementation of a new EDF axis (constant fund) Programming rate increased very fast between 2010 and 2011 The single programming document EDF was already modified in 2009 to finance operations of effective energy for social housing (10M for 3954 housing facilities)

8 8 20/02/2014 Welcoming of policy experts of the European Commission in Ile-de-France Objectives Present the actions lead by the Local Authorities Highlight funding needs and the importance of the modification of The single programming document European Development Fund (EDF) of Ile-de-France in order to make eligible the housing of marginalized populations 14th and 15th of June 2011 Participation Regional Policy DG (REGIO) Program: Visit of the different areas housing marginalized populations (exchanges with the inhabitants) Working meetings about the EU actions for integration Romani populations Presentation of housing and integrating projects of Ile-de-France

9 9 20/02/2014 Decision of the Regional decision and follow-up committee (CRUS) of the 8th of July 2011 Creation of a new axis (axis 6) in the single programming document EDF dedicated to housing marginalized communities 1 million Euros for this axis that allow funding for 4 projects in the Region (250 000 for each project) 500 000 debit from axis 3 (action to preserve the environment) and axis 5 (technical assistance) Approval of the European Commission the 2th of December 2011 Eligibility of the expenses fixed since the 1st of Septembre 2011

10 10 20/02/2014 2 The Val-de-Marne: First project financed by the European Development Fund in Ile-de-France 10

11 11 20/02/2014 Romani population in Val-de- Marne Around 800 in non-authorized and unhygienic camps, but also in sites authorized by the cities Sedentary population escaping discriminations and misery in their country of origin Principally Romani population original from Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary, Serbia, Albania, etc. Transition period of 7 years when Romania and Bulgaria entered the EU Support Committees

12 12 20/02/2014 Origins of the housing project of Val-de-Marne Occupation of a plot of land belonging to the General Council of Val-de-Marne since August 2010 Occupation of a plot of land belonging to the city of Orly since August 2010 Rapprochement of the Two Local Authorities (the city of Orly and the General Council) in order to define a common project

13 13 20/02/2014 Main motivations to act Competences of the French Departments : Child care, youth care, social care Non-discrimination and Human Rights respect Decide to choose among all: Hospitality, welcome and assistance/help European citizenship = intervention The General Council aims at helping 60 families integrating the common rights = 208 people from which102 children (former police quarters, intermediary housing etc.)

14 14 20/02/2014 Former police quarter of Saint Maur des Fossés- Housing facility 20 families housing since 2004 Agreement « For social housing » 200 000 /year

15 15 20/02/2014 First project finance by the EDF in Ile-de-France: Val-de-Marne housing for integrating Romani population Funding approval of the first project the10th of February 2012 during the Regional decision follow-up committee Project located at the city of Orly and lead by the General Council and the city 250 000 EDF for a total cost of 1,4 M (250 000 Regional Council and 900 000 of General Council of Val-de-Marne) Housing 20 families (78 people) Global approach: social accompaniment Main goals: self-sufficient + access to common rights

16 16 20/02/2014 The partners City of Orly General Council of Val-de-Marne Prefecture of Val-de-Marne NGO « Habitats Solidaires »: Self build houses Architect Jerôme Laplane, house designer NGO « Habitat et Soins (groupe SOS) » (health care+ social accompaniment) Support committee « VLR » Regional Council of Ile-de-France European Development Fund

17 17 20/02/2014 The plot of land given by the city of Orly 20 007 m² x10 274 m² Next to: subway station bus 183 markets and shops Pharmacy Post Office Small and Medium- sized enterprises Schools « Paul Eluard » ; « Collège Desnos »

18 18 20/02/2014 Construction plan

19 19 20/02/2014 Temporary houses since the 23th of June 2011 Demountable structures, removable, + water, electricity, toilets

20 20 20/02/2014 New houses in progress ( picture 21-12-11 ) 17 houses 4 different types of houses Each house: Kitchen, Shower + WC

21 21 20/02/2014 New houses in progress ( photo du 21-11-11 ) 2 working rooms= lessons etc. with social workers 1 common room = Family reunions, social and festive events

22 22 20/02/2014 Self Building Houses

23 23 20/02/2014 Budget : expenses Investment = around 1,3M Social accompaniment = 450 000 per year (Supported by the Department of Val-de-Marne)

24 24 20/02/2014 Budget: Receipts Investment. Regional Council of Ile-de-France= 250 000 (reduction of slums/ shantytowns – CP 07-07-11) Investment. European Development Fund EDF (Axis 6: Housing for marginalized communities) = 250 000 Functioning: European Social Fund 400 000 (social Accompaniment + Professional insertion and training)

25 25 20/02/2014 Social and professional accompaniment General approach: Housing: transition tool to access common rights The NGO leads social and professional accompaniment by: Schooling Access to social rights, specially residency documents Learning French, professional insertion to become sel-efficient Management of the houses and budget Health care Annual cost of the social accompaniment: around 400 000 per year (European Social Fund)

26 26 20/02/2014 Problems to overcome Eviction of camps sites population by the police Deportation to Romania, Bulgaria or other countries The rights to stay in France compromised: No residence permit conferring the right to the longest period of residency No work permit Fighting anti-Gypsysm

27 27 20/02/2014 Conclusion: Conditions to succeed Involvement of national Deputies Collaboration between all the stakeholders General and global approach Housing as a tool to access social inclusion through social accompaniment Common and individual actions Involvement of the beneficiaries of the project Main objective = access common rights Integration of the project in their environment

28 28 20/02/2014 MERCI Thank you very much

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